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19 9 2 ■ 1 9 9 4 


On the Cover 

The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis 
linne, is a fitting symbol for the waterfront 
home of the Eckerd College Tritons. 


Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors ... 27 

Autumn Term and Winter Term .... 109 

Campus and Student Life 110 

Admission 115 

Financial Aid 118 

Expenses 127 

Faculty 131 

Administration 135 

Board of Trustees 136 

Index 138 

Calendar of Events 140 

Correspondence Directory 145 


Eckerd College is accredited by the Commis- 
sion on Colleges of the Southern Association 
of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor 
of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. A 
coeducational college of the liberal arts and 
sciences, it is related by covenant to the Pres- 
byterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located 
on 267 acres of tropical waterfront property in 
a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida 
Presbyterian College, and admitted its first 
students in 1960. In 1972 the college's name 
was changed to honor Jack M. Eckerd, a prom- 
inent Florida civic leader and businessman 
whose gifts and commitments to the institution 
have helped to insure its continuing excellence. 
More than 4,500 graduates are seeking to lead 
lives of leadership and service in communities 
throughout the world. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehen- 
sive picture of Eckerd College. We are proud 
of what we have achieved, and welcome the 
reader to join us in an exciting and continuing 
educational adventure. As you read this doc- 
ument, you should be aware of certain basic 
commitments that have guided the college's 
history and planning. These commitments 
and the efforts to achieve them have enabled 
Eckerd College to be distinctive among the 
3,000 colleges and universities in the United 


The primary purpose of the educational pro- 
gram is to foster the personal development of 
each student. We seek to prepare students for 
the basic responsibilities of life, and especially 
for competent, humane leadership and ser- 
vice. We are vitally concerned with the de- 
velopment of whole persons, and therefore 
encourage the intellectual, spiritual, cultural, 
social, emotional and physical growth of each 
student. While education is a lifelong process, 
the Eckerd experience is designed to assist 
students to go beyond the limitations imposed 
by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, self- 
centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct; and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian com- 
mitment, the college maintains an active cov- 
enant relationship with the Presbyterian 
Church, (U.S.A.); however, the college com- 
munity is not narrowly sectarian. It includes 
among its faculty, students and staff individ- 
uals of many denominations, faiths and points 
of view. 

As a church-related college community, we 
seek to give the Christian faith a full hearing in 
a setting where students are free to accept or 
rej ect, but not ignore it. Confident in the belief 
that all truth is of God, we seek to develop an 

atmosphere of free and open inquiry into all 
aspects of faith and knowledge. Our aim is to 
assist students to clarify their beliefs, assess 
their values, and learn to act responsibly on 
the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty 
academic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who 
seeks to facilitate the total growth of students 
and helps them to get the most out of their 
college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the pri- 
mary importance of teaching, it has developed 
a reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship 
and artistic creativity and wherever possible 
seek to involve students in these enterprises. 
The intention of the faculty is to provide an 
educational environment characterized by high 
expectation, personal attention and enthusi- 
asm for learning. 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field 
of study, it is equally committed to general 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore 
various perspectives on the central concerns 
of human existence, assume increased respon- 
sibility for their own growth, and master the 
skills that are necessary to understand and 
deal with a rapidly changing and increasingly 
complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn term pro- 
ject, composition, computation, foreign lan- 
guage, and the Western Heritage sequence in 
the first year; one course in each of four value - 
oriented perspectives in the second and third 
year; and a course in the Judaeo-Christian 
perspective and an integrating issue-oriented 
seminar in the Senior year. 


The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students pre- 
pare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary 
for successful careers. In addition, through 
independent study and individually designed 
areas of concentration, students are encour- 
aged to supplement and adapt the formal 
curriculum to their particular interests and 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, 
jobs, and other off-campus learning experi- 
ences both in this country and abroad enable 
students to integrate theory and practice, and 
help them to clarify their values and career 
choices. Because they are committed to a par- 
ticipatory educational process, faculty engage 
students in the learning of science, theatre, 
management and other disciplines by doing. 
The aim is to assist each student to become a 
self-directed, competent, humane person cap- 
able of making a significant contribution to 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd Col- 
lege students which is educationally desirable. 
Students come to campus from more than 40 
states and 30 foreign countries. They enroll 
from urban, suburban and rural areas; from 
developed and developing countries; and from 
a variety of cultural, ethnic and religious back- 
grounds. The cosmopolitan nature of the 
Eckerd campus enriches the total educational 
experience as students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of com- 
munity based upon common objectives, con- 
cerns and experiences. Academic interests 
provide the basis for a sense of community, 
which is enhanced by worship, student activ- 
ities, athletic events, concerts, lectures and 
other opportunities for shared experiences. 
Because most students reside on campus, they 
have the enriched experiences that occur when 
people are learning both how to learn and how 
to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pio- 
neering new programs designed to deal directly 
with the varying needs of college students. It 
has shown the will to improve education, and 
the vision and courage to take steps that will 
facilitate the growth of students. Many of its 
programs of interdisciplinary study, indepen- 
dent study, international education, values 
inquiry, and student orientation and advising 
have become models for other educational 
institutions. Within the context of its objectives 
as a church-related college of the liberal arts 
and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 


Every student upon entering Eckerd College 
is asked to sign a promise to uphold the follow- 
ing statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars 
of Eckerd College commits each student to 
the values embodied in the mission and ob- 
jectives of this church-related college of liberal 
arts and sciences. Inherent in this commitment 
is the responsibility: 

1. To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in aca- 
demic work and as a citizen of the college 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a 
life of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by college re- 
gulations and to work with others to prevent 
the following behaviors that threaten the free- 
dom and respect that members of the Eckerd 
community enjoy: 

1. Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to 
excellence and to the creation of a college 
community in which they can take pride. 


Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of 
American colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of 
educating its students, not in order to be dif- 
ferent, but to offer a more rewarding and useful 
educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across 
such expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "mini- 
term," "interim," or "winter term." (All of them 
mean essentially the same thing: separating 
the two terms of an academic year with a one- 
month period of study on a single topic.) The 
winter term is an Eckerd College concept. 
This innovation was created and tested first 
on the Eckerd College campus; then other 
colleges found it so exciting that they adopted 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best 
way of providing you with an understanding of 
the Eckerd experience is to take you on a 
"verbal tour" of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an 
Eckerd student, you will receive material about 
selection of a Mentor. The original Mentor was 
the guide and companion of Odysseus. As you 
are, in a sense, embarking on your odyssey, itis 
fitting that you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will 
have continuing support and counsel from a 
faculty Mentor, who is more than the conven- 
tional faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty 
members who have been specially trained to 
help you in your academic program, career 
planning, and personal growth. You choose 
your own Mentor before you enter Eckerd, 
from a descriptive list of Mentors and projects. 
In your Freshman year you will take at least 
one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you 
may choose a new Mentor — a specialist in 
your area of academic concentration. The two 

of you will continue to plan your academic 
program, including independent and directed 
studies, internships, off-campus programs, 
work experience, career planning, foreign study, 
and the many other options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 cal- 
endar. The fall and spring semesters are fourteen 
weeks in length, and are each followed by 
examination periods. Courses during the sem- 
ester are offered for the full fourteen weeks, 
and ordinarily a full-time student will enroll 
for four of these courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen 
occurs prior to the beginning of the fall semester, 
while the four week winter term (January) falls 
between the two regular semesters. During 
these shorter terms, students will enroll for no 
more than one academic project at a time. This 
format provides for independent investigation 
of a topic in a concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd 
College experience in mid-August, when you 
enroll for autumn term. In contrast to the usual 
Freshman orientation of two or three days, 
autumn term lasts three weeks. It is designed 
for Freshmen only, and provides an intensive 
foretaste of college living and academic work. 

During autumn term you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This 
project is stimulating in content, teaches basic 
academic skills, and focuses on the interdis- 
ciplinary nature of learning. The course will 
give you a clear idea of what is expected of you 
at Eckerd. Autumn term provides an excellent 
opportunity for certain kinds of interest and 
competency testing that will allow you to begin 
your academic program in courses that are 
best suited to your current stage of develop- 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working and playing in a college community. 
The student Resident Adviser in your residence 
hall will be on hand during autumn term to 
help you make the transition into college life. 
In fact, the entire staff of the college and the 
autumn term faculty will participate with you 

in periods of inquiry, reflection and fun. The 
sense of community that develops will assist 
you to take full advantage of the opportunities 
and resources available on campus. By the 
time the upperclass students return in Sep- 
tember, you will be well established in campus 

For more information about autumn term see 
page 109. 


An important part of your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called 
Western Heritage I and II that will explore the 
cultural riches of the past. Your discussion 
sections in these courses will be led by your 
Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate writing competency by assembling 
a portfolio of your collegiate writing for evalu- 
ation by the faculty; take one college level 
computation course or demonstrate compe- 
tency by examination; and take one year of a 
foreign language or demonstrate competency 
at the first year by evaluation of the language 

During your Sophomore and Junior years you 
will choose four courses, one from a list of 
options in each of four broad perspectives on 
human existence:the aesthetic, cross-cultural, 
environmental and social relations. The courses 
will be distributed over four collegia so as to 
provide involvement with significantly different 
modes of inquiry. 

Seniors will take a course that will focus on 
contemporary issues from the Judaeo-Chris- 
tian perspective, and a Senior seminar focusing 
on the search for solutions to important issues 
that they are likely to face during their lifetimes. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. 
You may enroll in projects designed by pro- 
fessors, or design your own with the sponsorship 
of a professor. 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you 
to select a subject, gather information, organize 
it, and present it as a paper, a short story, a 
painting, a performance, or a piece of equip- 
ment. Freshmen may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute a fifth 

winter term for one of the 32 courses required 
for graduation. The winter term in the Senior 
year is usually spent working on a compre- 
hensive examination or senior thesis or project 
required for completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 col- 
leges in sponsoring winter term projects abroad 
or in major cities and interesting locations in 
the United States. Many winter term projects 
include at least eight contact hours per week, 
which meets the Veteran's Administration stan- 
dards for full tuition benefits. 

For more information about winter term see 
page 109. 


During the past few years, educators have be- 
come aware that the traditional division of 
learning into academic "departments" is not 
necessarily the best way to organize the edu- 
cational process. Increasingly popular among 
colleges is the interdisciplinary major, in which 
the student combines courses from two or 
more departments to form an individual aca- 
demic program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage 
new combinations of studies and demonstrate 
the interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval 
days, when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; 
persons communicating without artificial 
obstacles to discourse) pursuing a common 
objective (which in Eckerd's case is learning). 
The word vividly describes what we are trying 
to do: to bring you (the student) together with 
a highly knowledgeable person (the professor) 
in an atmosphere where you can debate freely, 
challenge one another's viewpoints, learn to- 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according 
to the intellectual discipline required to master 
them. You learn mathematics and physics in 
similar ways, for example; but you learn dance 
differently, and a foreign language in still another 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate 
with a particular collegium, depending upon 
their approach to their subject. You will do the 
same. At the end of your Freshman year you 
will focus upon a major or area of concentration 
and affiliate with the collegium that best suits 
your perception of that study. 

Your concentration does not have to lie in a 
single field, such as history or biology. You can 
create your own concentration by combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 
career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, 
you can combine economics and biology, thus 
creating your own concentration to fit your 
own goal. The collegium concept makes this 
interdisciplinary approach to learning a natural 
one that is easy to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to 
the learning process; students are expected to 
become independent learners and researchers, 
able to take maximum advantage of their pro- 
fessors' strong qualifications. Each collegium 
has its own decision-making group, composed 
of professors and students, which gives stu- 
dents an important voice in the academic 
decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps 
unique, program for all Freshmen through the 
Foundations Collegium. This is the first-year 
home for students, helping them to establish a 
foundation for their upper-level studies. The 
collegium's program includes four important 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid- 
August to take a three-week course before the 
opening of the fall semester early in September. 

During this time, they also complete their testing, 
orientation, and registration. Freshmen choose 
from 18 projects limited to about 20 students 
each. The professor for that course will be the 
Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has ex- 
panded the notion of the academic adviser to 
allow more help, care, and encouragement to 
its students. Each Freshman has a Mentor 
from the faculty who helps to guide him or her 
through the Freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage. All freshmen are re- 
quired to take Western Heritage I (fall) and 
Western Heritage II (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of 
Western civilization and introduce Freshmen 
to the themes of Eckerd College's general ed- 
ucation program, the aesthetic, cross-cultural, 
environmental, and social relations perspectives. 
Western Heritage courses are interdisciplinary, 
using lecture and discussion formats. The dis- 
cussion sections are the same groups, with the 
same instructor, as the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, computation 
and foreign language. For more details see 
page 16 under Degree Requirements, and under 
Composition in the course listings. Foundations 
also provides a Writing Center to assist stu- 
dents with their writing. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students 
choose an upper-level collegium and a new 
Mentor; any students still unsure of what to 
choose can get help from the Foundations office 
and/or Career Counseling. 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopula- 
tion, world hunger and crime — are problems 
of human behavior. Therefore, there is much 
to be gained by developing methodological 
and conceptual tools to understand better both 
individual and collective behavior. Students 
will take introductory courses in psychology or 
sociology as well as a course in statistical 
methods. In addition, courses are available in 
the fields of economics, sociology, psychology, 
management, political science, business admin- 
istration, finance, accounting and marketing. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks 
to promote an understanding of the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through lan- 
guages, area studies, anthropology, inter- 
national business, and related disciplines. The 
Collegium serves as both a window and a 
gateway to the cultures of the world: a window 
for those who learn in the classroom from pro- 
fessors who have lived and studied in other 
cultures; a gateway for those who wish to visit 
these cultures after preparatory study on cam- 
pus. Language study in French, German, Italian, 
Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be integrated 
into a major program, an interdisciplinary con- 
centration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out 
a student's liberal arts program. Anthropology 
allows students to learn about the peoples and 
cultures of the world, past and present, while 
becoming well versed in the research methods, 
theoretical perspectives (such as culture 
change) and practice applications of anthro- 
pology in today's world. Some students may 
decide to plan their studies around a particular 
area of the world. In such cases, the Inter- 
national Education office gives assistance in 
planning appropriate study-abroad experi- 
ences. Comparative Cultures graduates have 
chosen careers in teaching, interpreting, foreign 
service, religious vocations or international 


Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated 
to promoting the development of creativity in 
each person and the integration of the 
physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual 
dimensions of the self. Sharing a belief in the 
value of experiential learning, members of the 
Collegium recognize that students learn as 
much through experiencing the creative pro- 
cess as in the completion of a product. In 
addition to the programs in art, music, theatre, 
and creative writing, where students are en- 
couraged to explore and express their talents 
within the context of freedom with responsi- 
bility, the Collegium includes the human de- 
velopment and education disciplines where 
learning to help others realize their full po- 
tential is the primary goal. Interdisciplinary 
study, independent work, and application of 
knowledge in the community are fostered in 
the Creative Arts Collegium. 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of stu- 
dents and faculty who have in common an 
interest in human beings, past and present — 
their history, literary and artistic products, 
religious commitments, political involvements, 
and philosophical groupings. The study of who 
we are by looking at what we are doing and the 
works and institutions created by our prede- 
cessors provides the relevance, vitality, and 
excitement of our program. This humane in- 
terest has value in and of itself. In addition, it 
provides a fundamental background for a wide 
variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the 
experience of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings to- 
gether biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and 
those interested in the health professions, in- 
cluding medicine, veterinary medicine, den- 
tistry and medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research 
and the study of the principles and concepts 

that are necessary to successful scientific in- 
vestigation. The programs in the natural sci- 
ences are geared to provide students with 
information and techniques that can be applied 
to the problems of a changing society. 


Both to express and to implement the breadth 
of the college's educational mission, there are 
three co-curricular areas in which each student 
is expected to participate in significant ways 
during the undergraduate years: service, ca- 
reer exploration, and physical activity. 
Together, these areas of expected participation 
constitute the co-curricular program, which 
is intended to provide strong positive induce- 
ment for educational achievements that lie for 
the most part outside the formal academic 
curriculum, achievements that contribute di- 
rectly to the college's goal of developing per- 
sons whose lives will be characterized by 
leadership and service. The expectations are 
as follows: 

Service. Each student shall have and find 
opportunities on and off campus to engage in 
significant service activities that help the stu- 
dent to develop leadership and other inter- 
personal skills, make a significant contribution 
to the welfare of others and encourage a lifelong 
commitment to service. 

Career Exploration. Each student shall have 
and find opportunities to explore in a system- 
atic way the relationship of the undergraduate 
experience to the world of work and the stu- 
dent's occupational skill and interests, to apply 
and thus enhance acquired knowledge in career 
related situations, and to establish enduring 
beneficial relationships with persons engaged 
in occupations or professions related to the 
student's interests. Such opportunities include 
internships, practica, research, studio work, a 
variety of other practice-oriented experiences 
offered through the major or concentration or 
through other programs of the college, or self- 
initiated activities. 

Physical Activity. Each student shall have 
and find opportunities to engage in organized 
or self -initiated activities that help the student 
to develop an awareness of the importance of 
physical well-being and to acquire skills that 
contribute to good physical condition. 

Each student is free to choose the kinds of 
achievements and experiences that would 
meet each expectation. In each category, activ- 

ities which are part of an approved course, or 
directed or independent study, may earn aca- 
demic credit. An underlying expectation is 
that each student will come to Eckerd with the 
intention to develop a planned program of 
participation and achievement in each of the 
three co-curricular areas, and thus a total co- 
curricular program that both supplements and 
enlivens the classroom experience. 

The Co-Curricular Record 

As a reflection of the fact that the co-curricular 
program is a significant dimension of the pro- 
gram of the college, each student has an official 
co-curricular record that is maintained in the 
Office of Career Services, which has primary 
responsibility for the co-curricular program. 
Entries on this record must be consistent with 
the categories approved by the faculty, may be 
made only at the student's request and with 
the approval of the Dean of Students, and are 
limited to names of activities, leadership posi- 
tions held, and honors received. The intent is 
twofold: to enable the student to compile an 
official record of response to college co-cur- 
ricular expectations, and to provide the student 
with credentials that may be used to supplement 
the academic transcript in application for jobs, 
graduate work, fellowships, and other post- 
graduate opportunities. Like the academic 
transcript, the co-curricular record is released 
outside the college only with the student's 
permission, and neither the academic tran- 
script nor the co-curricular record makes ref- 
erence to the other. 


The library supports the educational mission 
of the college by providing facilities, resources 
and services designed to enhance the student's 
learning experience. The primary goal of the 
library staff is to help students achieve com- 
petency in making use of available knowledge. 
In this constantly changing and increasingly 
complex world the ability to locate and use 
needed information has become a crucial skill. 
Instruction in the effective use of library re- 
sources begins in the autumn term, and pro- 
gresses through upperclass levels where stu- 
dents are encouraged to make use of sophis- 
ticated computerized technology by searching 
in databases. During all four years the empha- 
sis is on providing, through frequent inter- 
action between student and librarian, the 
personal attention that makes for a quality 
learning experience. 

Conveniently located in the center of campus, 
the library provides an open and inviting en- 
vironment for study and leisure reading. Quiet 
carrels and carpeted lounge areas are inter- 
spersed throughout the open stack book col- 
lection. A typing room is available for those 
who do not have their own typewriters. For 
those desiring personal copies of printed or 
microfilm materials, coin and card operated 
copying machines are available. 

Designed to meet the basic needs of under- 
graduate students, the library's book collection 
contains approximately 110,000 volumes. A 
computer catalog allows enhanced access to 
the library collection. Computer indexes give 
added access to the 1,000 periodical subscrip- 
tions and 20,000 bound periodical volumes. 
New materials designed to meet both the cur- 
ricular and recreational reading needs of stu- 
dents are constantly being acquired. Each year 
over 3,000 books are carefully selected by 
instructors and librarians for inclusion in the 
collection. To augment the college's own hold- 
ings, the library participates in the On-line 
Computer Library Center (OCLC) Network 
which provides computerized interlibrary loan 
access to several thousand libraries through- 
out the United States. In addition, the library 
has a reciprocal lending agreement with the 
University of South Florida-Bayboro library. 





Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for 
law and medical school, medical technology, 
the ministry, engineering, elementary and 
secondary education, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, 
human development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 
ships rather than by professional and pre- 
professional courses that tend to limit the scope 
and quality of liberal education. The teacher 
education program, described immediately 
following, exemplifies the application of this 
principle. Students in management take certain 
specialized courses, such as accounting, and 
prepare themselves through internships care- 
fully planned with the Mentor of the manage- 
ment program. Similarly, human relations 
occupations involve a thorough liberal arts 
base, to which are added supervised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet 
the particular interest and need of the student. 



The Eckerd College Teacher Education faculty 
seek to develop competent and humane leaders 
for the teaching profession. The Director of 
Teacher Education is responsible and ac- 
countable for all teacher education programs: 
elementary certification, secondary cer- 
tification, grades 7-12, K-12 certification in 
art and music. For certification requirements 
in these programs, see page 49 under "Educa- 
tion" in the course listings. 

The Florida legislature has mandated entrance 
requirements for all teacher education pro- 
grams in the State. To meet the State require- 
ments and those of the Eckerd College Teacher 
Education program, students must have at- 
tained a minimum combined S.A.T. score of 
1000, and both verbal and mathematics scores 
must exceed 450. Students must have earned 
a minimum grade point average of B or 2.8 on 
all college level work. A college level mathe- 
matics course is also required of all applicants 
to the Teacher Education program. 

Teacher Education program graduates seeking 
regular certification in Florida are required to 
pass the Florida Teacher Certification Examin- 
ation and successfully complete the Florida 
Beginning Teacher Program. For further in- 
formation about the policies and procedures 
for admission into the Teacher Education pro- 
gram, contact the Director of Teacher Educa- 
tion and request a copy of the Education 
Student Handbook. 


Eckerd College's Human Resource Institute 
includes the Human Resources Management 
program which studies the activities organiza- 
tions and societies use to generate behaviors 
directed toward their objectives; the Human 
Resources Measurement program which studies 
the processes used to evaluate human resource 
management; and the Human Resources Asso- 
ciation which facilitates cooperative relation- 
ships between the Institute and organizations 
interested in advancing human resources 
management and measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the 
University of Michigan in 1969 by William 
Pyle. It moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when 
Dr. Pyle joined the faculty as professor of 
management and Director of the Human Re- 
source Institute. Since its inception, over one 
hundred Fortune 500 and other major firms in 
the U.S. and abroad have sought to advance 
personnel and human resources management 
and measurement research through their 
financial support of the Institute. 

The Institute works closely with Eckerd Col- 
lege's academic programs including the col- 
lege's concentration in Personnel and Human 
Resource Management by involving students 
in its industry research projects and encourag- 
ing its business and industry association mem- 
bers to provide students with work experience, 
internships, and career opportunities. 



The engineering and applied science program 
is designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with 
one of many fields of engineering or applied 
science. Students may pursue a career in applied 
science or one of many engineering disciplines 
including electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, 
aerospace, textile, nuclear, biomedical, or sys- 
tems engineering. Students complete all re- 
quirements for majors at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd 
taking mathematics and science courses that 
will qualify them to enter an engineering pro- 
gram at the Junior level. In general, students 
take Calculus I, II, and III; Differential Equa- 
tions; Chemistry I and II; Physics I and II; and 
Introduction to Computer Science, along with 
the general education requirements and the 
requirements of an Eckerd College major. 
Some of the courses required for the Eckerd 
College major may be completed at the other 
institution. The detailed curriculum depends 
on the student's choice of engineering college 
and specific degree program. Students may 
attend an engineering winter term before they 
transfer to the engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted 
to an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in 
two years. The student is then awarded degrees 
from both Eckerd College and the engineering 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science 
with Washington University (St. Louis), Au- 
burn University, Columbia University and 
Georgia Institute of Technology. Students 
may also apply to engineering schools with 
which we do not have formal agreements. Many 
engineering schools accept transfer students. 
Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engi- 
neering at the Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite require- 
ments, it is vital for dual degree candidates to 
obtain counseling early in their career at Eckerd 


Eckerd College provides an Army Reserve 
Officer's Training Program through a cross- 
enrollment agreement with the University of 
South Florida in Tampa. Students who com- 
plete the program, which consists of four 
courses in military science, a weekly leader- 
ship laboratory, and one summer camp, are 
commissioned in the United States Army. The 
AROTC program is open to both men and 
women, and scholarships are available on a 
competitive basis to qualified Freshmen, 
Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to en- 
hance student learning by helping them to 
become more organized in investigating and 
more articulate in formulating ideas. Working 
closely with the Foundations Collegium, the 
staff and tutors of the Writing Center aid stu- 
dents who wish to improve writing skills and 
competence in research. Assistance is offered 
to all Eckerd students, with special workshops 
on preparation of Writing Competency port- 
folios, tutoring for non-native writers, consul- 
ting on Senior theses, and individual help on 
all writing tasks. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
desktop publishing, CD-ROM databases, soft- 
ware for collaborative writing, word processing, 
data graphics, design, page layout, hypermedia; 
a library of composition theory and pedagogy; 
professional and peer consultants. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally edu- 
cated person should be at home in other cultures, 
and tries to give every student the chance to 
study abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a 
variety of overseas programs, including short 
terms in the winter and summer, and full year 
or semester programs for students in almost 
all majors. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Pro- 
jects vary each year, but typically programs 
are available in such places as Italy, England, 
Greece, Austria, Mexico, Russia, South America, 
and the Caribbean. 


Semester and Year Abroad 


Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available 
in Aix en Provence or Avignon, Madrid, Frei- 
burg, Florence, and in London where the 
Eckerd College Study Centre is staffed by 
both American and British faculty. Eckerd 
also has exchange arrangements with two uni- 
versities in Japan - Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya - and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea. 
Through our affiliation with the International 
Student Exchange Program (ISEP) and with 
the Council on International Educational 
Exchange (CIEE) many exchange opportuni- 
ties worldwide are available, and recently 
students have spent a year or semester in 
locations such as Sweden, Malta, Korea, 
Mexico, the Netherlands, Australia, and 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to 
their particular academic needs. 


Our academic calendar permits off-campus 
study for periods of one month (January), one 
semester (14 weeks), and up to a full academic 
year. Upperclass students are encouraged to 
take advantage of programs and facilities not 
available at Eckerd through the off-campus 
program. It is possible to participate in group 
projects with a faculty leader or to contract 
independent studies of the student's own 
design. During winter term (January), group 
projects such as an archaeological dig in the 
southwest, government operations in Wash- 
ington, D.C., or urban problems in Chicago are 
possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, 
the Argonne Laboratories, marine research, 
and at an Indian reservation. The winter term, 
through cooperation with other schools having 
a similar calendar, provides for intensive pro- 
jects on other campuses throughout the United 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists stu- 
dents in making arrangements, preparing con- 
tracts, and providing information and ideas 
related to various choices. The subject of the 
project determines the particular off -campus 

Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a semester of credit 
in an academic, scientific and practical experi- 
ence leading to a realistic understanding of the 
sea, sponsored by the Sea Education Asso- 
ciation, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester 
(the six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six-week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. For course 
descriptions see page 98. Eckerd College tuition 
and scholarship aid can often be applied toward 
the cost of Sea Semester and additional aid 
may be available from S.E.A. For more infor- 
mation, contact the Office of International 
Education and Off-Campus Programs. 


Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While 
we continue to provide opportunities for stu- 
dents to enrich their education abroad (see 
International Education page 12) one need go 
no further than the campus itself to experience 
a truly cosmopolitan environment. The Inter- 
national Student Affairs office sponsors sup- 
port programs and activities for students 
coming from more than 40 different nations to 
pursue a variety of studies here. There are two 
distinct groups of international students at 
Eckerd College: those who study in the ELS 
Language Center and those who are degree- 
seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to- 
face opportunities for cross-cultural exchange 
in classroom and other settings. The breadth 
of this experience is celebrated annually during 
the Festival of Cultures with exhibits, enter- 
tainment and ethnic delicacies from around 
the world. 



A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social and polit- 
ical realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are 
asking career-minded students to relate fun- 
damental education in liberal arts fields to 
long-range plans. Further, they stress the value 
of a solid liberal arts background for business 
or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during 
your four years at Eckerd is a program to help 
you examine your career and professional goals. 
The Career Services Program offers one or 
more of a variety of experiences: one-to-one 
and group diagnostic career counseling to 
assist in making decisions which integrate aca- 
demic programs, career planning and general 
lifestyle; internship and field experience place- 
ments which involve unpaid work experiences 
of observation either with a professional person 
or in a special social environment; paid work 
experiences related to current academic studies 
and long-range career goals; discipline intern- 
ships such as teacher education, community 
studies, leisure studies, or management; and 
placement services to assist you in finding 
part-time and summer employment while in 
school, but primarily to enable you to select 
either the appropriate post-graduate education 
or the vocational career that fits your personal 
aptitudes, desires, and objectives. 


The summer term is an eight-week term con- 
sisting of two four-week sessions. Courses are 
available in June (Session A), July (Session B), 
and through the full eight-week summer term. 
A preliminary announcement of courses and 
fees is published in April. Regularly enrolled 
Eckerd students and students enrolled and in 
good standing at other colleges and universities 
are eligible for admission. High school students 
who have completed their Sophomore year 
and present evidence (usually a transcript and 
a recommendation from a principal or coun- 
selor) of their ability to do introductory level 
college work, are eligible for admission with a 
scholarship which covers 50% of the regular 
tuition. Students entering Eckerd in the sum- 
mer with the intention of becoming degree 
candidates must make formal application for 
admission to the Dean of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed 

during the academic year or accelerate gradu- 
ation. Additional information about summer 
term courses may be obtained from the Summer 
School office. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) 
is a degree -completion program designed 
specifically for adult learners who are strongly 
motivated, yet have career or personal obliga- 
tions which keep them from enrolling in a more 
traditional degree program. Because of the 
flexible and personal nature of the program, 
most students are able to continue working 
full-time while pursuing the bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning 
is not necessarily limited to a formal class- 
room setting. Credit may be awarded when 
experiential learning is comparable to aca- 
demic coursework,relevant to academic goals, 
and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1. Applicants must be at least 25 years of 

2 . Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for 
"C" or better grades will be awarded when 
coursework is appropriate for a liberal arts 
and sciences education and is relevant to 
career goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives and 
the ability and motivation to benefit from 
the program. 

4. Following admission, students must com- 
plete the required Life, Learning and 
Vocation course with a "C" or better grade. 


Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Baclelor's degree requires successful 
completion of a minimum of 36 courses. Stu- 
dents may meet degree requirements through 
transfer credit, experiential learning, formal 
courses, directed or independent study, tu- 
torials, travel/study programs and residential 
program courses. PEL offers courses in St. 
Petersburg, North Pinellas County and Sar- 

Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor 
of arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same 
degrees conferred in the residential program. 
Students pursue a variety of majors or con- 
centrations, including business management, 
human development, organizational studies, 
American studies, interdisciplinary humanities, 
and others. The degree preserves the basic 
features of the Eckerd College program by 
emphasizing the liberal arts as part of each 
student's education, but also recognizes the 
importance of relating general knowledge to 
special career concerns. A Certificate in Man- 

agement is available to students who combine 
a major in a traditional liberal arts discipline 
with a series of management courses. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Tuition Voucher, Federally Insured 
Student Loans and VA benefits. 

Another popular form of financial assistance is 
through tuition reimbursement programs spon- 
sored by private corporations and government 
agencies. Many PEL students have found that 
their employers are very cooperative in helping 
to meet their college expenses. 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, ad- 
missions requirements, and the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained by 
writing: Program for Experienced Learners, 
Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. 
Petersburg, FL 33711. Or call: (813) 864- 





The Academy of Senior Professionals at 
Eckerd College (ASPEC) is an integral unit of 
the college devoted to the promotion of inter- 
generational learning, scholarly activity, writing, 
study, and the development of individual or 
group projects of importance to members, to 
the college, and to the community. 

ASPEC is a unique organization composed of 
a group of mature men and women who have 
had distinguished careers in education, religion, 
business, the arts and sciences, government 
service, the armed forces, medicine, dentistry, 
law, architecture, social services and similar 
professional endeavors. By means of publica- 
tions, lectures, colloquia, convocations, and 
the like, members continue to share and to 
contribute to human knowledge. Through fre- 
quent association with faculty members and 
with students, members contribute their know- 
ledge and experience, and receive in return 
fresh viewpoints and ideas. Some ASPEC 
members participate as resource persons in 
the classroom on the invitation of faculty 

ASPEC is designed for those who wish, during 
their retirement, to expand their intellectual 
horizons, enrich their cultural experiences, 
make constructive contributions to society, or 
pursue their own interests in association with 
congenial colleagues within the multigenera- 
tional educational community of Eckerd College. 

Some members live in housing units in College 
Harbor, the retirement center on the college 
campus. Others reside within commuting dis- 
tance of the campus. Inquiries should be 
addressed to: Director, Academy of Senior 
Professionals, Eckerd College, 4200 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 



In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least four semesters 
and two short terms, including the Senior year, 
in the college or in an approved off-campus 

Any student who wishes to request an exemp- 
tion from or a modification of an all-college 
requirement may petition the Dean of Faculty 
using forms available in the Office of the 
Registrar. Petitions must include detailed 
reasons for the request, and receive prior 
approval from the student's Mentor and col- 
legial chairperson. 

Unless modified in individual cases by action 
of the Dean of Faculty, the following require- 
ments must be fulfilled by all students in order 
to qualify for formal recommendation by the 
faculty for the Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1. The satisfactory completion of a minimum 
of 32 courses, plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and a winter term project 
in each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 

b.The winter term project in the Senior 
year normally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses 
or projects. 

2. Writing Competency: students must submit 
a portfolio of their own compositions to be 
evaluated. Specifications for the contents 
of the portfolios are available from the 
Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are 
essays, reports, examinations, or creative 
work written in courses, and all students 
must submit their portfolio for evaluation 
before the second semester of the Junior 

Students may not register for senior pro- 
jects, theses, or comprehensive examina- 
tions without having received writing 
competency for their portfolio. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; students whose 
portfolios are judged inadequate must take 
a composition course before resubmitting 
their portfolio. 

Since portfolio evaluation is conducted 
only twice each year, students are strongly 
urged to consult with their Mentors and 
the Writing Center staff well before the 
April and October deadlines, and to sub- 
mit their portfolios before completing 
eighteen course credits. 


3. Computation (normally in the Freshman 
year): one college level mathematics, com- 
puter science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the com- 
puter as a major learning tool, designated 
by an M following the course number. 
Competency may also be satisfied by passing 
an appropriate proficiency examination 
administered by the college. 

4. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level, or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered profi- 
ciency examination or the equivalent as 
determined by the language faculty. 

5. Western Heritage I and II, WHF 181 
and 182. Students for whom English is a 
second language and who have not resided 
in the mainland U.S. for more than two 
years may substitute WHF 183C U.S. 
Area Studies for Western Heritage I, 
which shall also fulfill the requirement for 
a course within the Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective. There is a special section of 
Western Heritage II for international stu- 

6. Four courses (normally in the Sophomore 
and Junior years), one each from a list of 
options in the following four areas: the 
Aesthetic Perspective, the Cross-Cul- 
tural Perspective, the Environmental 
Perspective, the Social Relations Per- 
spective, distributed over four different 
upper division Collegia. A term of study 
abroad also fulfills the Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective. Courses fulfilling these require- 
ments are indicated by the appropriate 
letter following the number. See the course 
descriptions for a listing of these courses. 

7. One course in the Senior year in the Judaeo- 
Christian Perspective. 

8. One Senior seminar within the collegium of 
the student's major focussing on the search 
for solutions to important issues that stu- 
dents are likely to confront during their 

9. The completion of a major (from the list of 
35 majors formally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved by three members of the fa- 
culty, with an approved study plan filed in 
the Registrar's office no later than fall 
semester of the Junior year. 

10. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, 
thesis, or creative project in the major or 
area of concentration with a grade of C or 
better. (This culminating evaluation may 
include a test or other means for assessing 
the effectiveness of the college's academic 

The following requirements must be fulfilled 
by students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1. The satisfactory completion of the course 
and all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-10 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in 
the Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified 
by each discipline, including not more than 
one of the four required perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 

degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline, in- 
cluding not more than one of the four perspective 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathemat- 
ics may substitute specified courses outside 
the Collegium to satisfy the minimum require- 
ment for courses within the Collegium. Inter- 
ested students should consult their Mentors 
for information on gaining approval for such 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College 
as Sophomores are considered exempt from 
Western Heritage, the computation and foreign 
language requirements. Students transfer- 
ring as Juniors are also considered exempt 
from any two of the four Sophomore/Junior 



The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at 
Eckerd College, initiated by a grant from the 
Ford Foundation, provides opportunity for 20 
selected Juniors each year to participate in a 
two year enhanced program designed to de- 
velop the skills and habits of professional 
scholars, and to encourage them to consider 
college and university teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the 
Junior year in the history of ideas, and do 
optional research with their Faculty Sponsor 
during the summer. In the Senior year they 
work closely with the Faculty Sponsor in an 
enhanced major, and take a Senior Colloquim. 
Funds are available for summer and research 

Eckerd College President Peter Armacost (left) 
joins Rosemary and John Galbraith in ground- 
breaking ceremonies for the new Galbraith Marine 
Science Laboratory. When completed, it will be 
the most modern, comprehensive marine science 
laboratory for undergraduate study in the country. 


The Honors program at Eckerd College pro- 
vides enhanced opportunities for independent 
study and research to students of outstanding 
ability. Selected students are brought together 
for close interaction and advanced work, such 
studies receiving permanent recognition on 
the students' transcripts. 

A special brochure is available from the Dean 
of Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special 
sessions of the college's two Freshman core 
courses, Western Heritage I and II, for which 
an extra course credit is awarded. The second 
and third years of the Honors program center 
around Honors courses in four areas or per- 
spectives, these being the Aesthetic, the Cross- 
Cultural, the Environmental, and the Social 
Relations Perspectives. Seniors in the Honors 
program participate in a colloquium in which 
they present their Senior thesis research, cre- 
ative projects, or their work for comprehensive 

Students who wish to be considered for the 
Honors program in the Freshman year must 
file an acceptable application for admission to 
Eckerd College by February 15. In addition, 
interested students must file an application 
for the Presidential Scholarship competition 
by March 1. The students selected as Presi- 
dential Scholars will be the group invited to 
the Freshman Honors program. Presidential 
Scholars are chosen by a committee of faculty 
and students on the basis of high school 
academic records, personal essays, teacher 
recommendations, standardized test scores, 
and evidence of leadership and service to 
others. Interested students are encouraged to 
write the Dean of Admissions for additional 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
program earlier, are also eligible for admission 
as vacancies in the program occur at the upper 
levels. Students who are interested in making 
application to the Honors program after they 
are enrolled in the college should contact the 
Director of the Honors Program. 



The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 
3.0 average in German courses and 2.5 overall; 
new members must be elected unanimously. 
The Society meets monthly, sponsors German 
related events, off-campus speakers and a 
weekly kaffee klatch for all German students. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses. 
The Society recognizes the accomplishments 
of economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing with 
high grade point average, selected on the basis 
of exemplary character, responsible leadership 
and service in campus life. The purpose is to 
encourage good campus citizenship by recog- 
nizing significant achievement in the various 
aspects of college life. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathe- 
matics including Calculus I and II with at least 
a B average. The purpose is to promote schol- 
arly activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, 
of college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all 
Spanish courses, and rank in upper 35 percent 
of class with a minimum of 2.75. The purpose 
is to promote scholarly activity in Spanish 
among students in academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for 
scientific research and intention to pursue a 
career in science, nomination by a Sigma Xi 
member based on such criteria as academic 
excellence, scientific research usually culmin- 
ating in a paper, presentation at a scientific 
meeting, or a senior theses. The pupose is to 
advance scientific research, encourage inter- 
disciplinary cooperation, and assist the wider 
understanding of science. 



At Eckerd College efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the 
faculty has approved a number of disciplinary 
and interdisciplinary majors. 

Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course descrip- 
tion section of this catalog. Students desiring 
more specific information about major pro- 
grams should consult their Mentors, collegial 
chairpersons and discipline coordinators. A 
list of the faculty-approved majors follows. 

American Studies 




Comparative Educational 

Comparative Literature 
Computer Science 
Creative Writing 

Elementary Education 




Human Development 







Marine Science 


Modern Languages 



Philosophy /Religion 


Political Science 

Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 
Women's and 
Gender Studies 

Students desiring to design their own programs 
of study are encouraged to develop an individ- 
ualized area of concentration in cooperation 
with their Mentors. The proposed plan of study 
must ultimately be approved and have iden- 
tified with it a specific committee of at least 

three faculty members. The approved study 
plan must be filed in the Registrar's office 
early in the Junior year. A major or concentra- 
tion must require at least eight but no more 
than 12 courses in one discipline, and no more 
than 16 courses altogether. 



Credit toward a degree is awarded for satis- 
factory course completion, independent study 
projects, directed study programs, academic 
work certified by another accredited degree- 
granting institution, and proficiency demon- 
strated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course com- 
pletion. A normal full-time academic load is 
eight courses plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and eight courses plus a winter 
term project in each subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent 
study by students who exhibit both the self- 
discipline and mastery of the methodologies 
demanded by the subject matter selected by 
the student. An independent study project is 
designed by a student in consultation with the 
professor who is to supervise and evaluate the 
work. An academic contract, drawn in advance, 
specifies the subject and method of inquiry, 
the texts, the purpose of the project, and the 
basis of evaluation and credit. Each contract 
must be approved by the Director of Inde- 
pendent Study. Independent study options 
are available for both on and off-campus 
opportunities. Freshmen are not permitted to 
take off-campus independent studies. Inde- 
pendent study forms are available from the 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instruc- 
tor and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from the 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree -granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. 
A student entering Eckerd College should 
request that a transcript of work done in other 
institutions be sent to the Registrar. When the 
transcript has been evaluated, the applicant is 
notified of the credit accepted by transfer. 
Eckerd College students who wish to enroll for 
part of their programs at other institutions 
should have the approval in advance of their 
Mentors, appropriate discipline faculty, and 
the Registrar. For more information on transfer 
credit, please see page 116. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is 

awarded when a student applies for it with the 
Registrar and successfully completes appro- 
priate examinations. College Level Exam- 
ination Programs are recognized for both 
advanced placement and academic credit. For 
more information on CLEP, see page 117. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a stu- 
dent's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may 
be accorded credit if closely coordinated with 
the student's academic program. Such exper- 
ience ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular 
course or independent study project. 


(P PS 


The standard grading system of the college is 
A (Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satis- 
factory Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unac- 
ceptable Work). All courses in which a grade of 
C or higher has been earned shall count toward 
fulfilling degree requirements. A course in which 
a D grade is earned may fulfill degree require- 
ments only when a grade of B or higher is 
earned in another full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all 
course requirements are not complete by the 
end of the term and that, in the j udgment of the 
instructor, extension of deadline is appropriate. 
Unless an earlier deadline is set by the in- 
structor, a student will have thirty days into 
the next regular semester to complete the 
required work. If the work is not completed by 
that time, or the shorter deadline imposed by 
the instructor, the Incomplete will auto- 
matically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before 
the end of the eighth week of a semester, a 
grade of W is recorded. If withdrawal occurs 
after that point, a grade of F is recorded. A W 
that results from a,n involuntary withdrawal 
must be validated with the Registrar at the 
time of withdrawal or as soon thereafter as 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is avail- 
able in each course/project for students who 
are at least second semester Freshmen. Stu- 
dents desiring this grading option must petition 
for the approval of the course instructor, the 
Mentor, and the Dean of Faculty. Petitions 
must be submitted prior to the beginning of a 
semester or term. Grades of Credit and No 
Credit cannot be subsequently changed to 
letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered 
on the official record of the college. Grades of 
F will not be removed from the transcript. A 
notation will be recorded on the transcript of 
any substitute grade earned. Students may 
not repeat a course for credit unless they receive 
a D, need to repeat the course in order to 
progress in sequence, and have the approval of 
the instructor and academic dean. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is 
no college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 




Normal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each semester and 
a short term each year with grades of C or 


At the close of each semester the Academic 
Review Committee reviews the progress of 
every student who fails a course, receives a 
voluntary withdrawal (referred to hereafter 
by W), has more D than grades of B or better, is 
on academic probation, or is otherwise identi- 
fied as not making satisfactory academic pro- 
gress. Mentors, instructors and student per- 
sonnel staff may be consulted. The Committee 
may place on probation or dismiss any student 
who in its judgment is not making satisfactory 
academic progress. In making such judgments 
the Committee is guided by the following 
standards and notifies the Financial Aid office 
of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F 
grades, or a combinaton of F and W grades 
that results in falling behind normal progress 
by two to five courses, or one more D than B or 
better grades, is placed on academic probation. 

Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised of how to remove the 
probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have 
no more than two F or W grades in their first 
semester and must have at least one C or better 
in order to enroll for a second semester. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by six courses, 
or four more D than B or better grades, in 

addition to being placed on probation, will be 


that he or she is subject to dismissal for any 

additional F, D or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 




A student placed on probation or subject to 
dismissal as a result of F and W grades for a 
second consecutive semster, or as a result of D 
grades for a fourth consecutive semester, is 
suspended from participation in college spon- 
sored extracurricular activities, and the direc- 
tors of the activities notified, so that the student 
may devote full time to study. 


Probationary status remains in effect until 
the student completes four courses in Eckerd 
College in one semester with C or better grades 
and the overall number of B or better grades at 
least equals the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F 
grades, or a combination of F and W grades 
that results in falling behind normal progress 
by seven courses or more, or five or more D 
than B or better grades, is dismissed for at 
least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular semester 
by the Academic Review Committee. This 
notice also advises the student whether and, if 
so, when and how to be considered for read- 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a 
student should write to the Dean of Students, 
who shall obtain the approval of the Dean of 
Faculty as chair of the Academic Review 
Committee before authorizing readmission. 


A student who is readmitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for aca- 
demic reasons shall be admitted on probation, 
but is dismissed again if he or she accumulates 
an additional two F grades, or a combination of 
F and W grades that results in falling behind 
normal progress by more than two courses, or 
three more D than B or better grades. 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in 
falling behind by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is 
official only upon the completion of the with- 
drawal form available in the Registrar's office. 
Requests for readmission following withdrawal 
should be sent to the Dean of Students. Stu- 
dents may withdraw to enroll in another college 
for courses not available here but important to 
the student's total program. Such courses may 
be transferred upon the student's return, but 
must be approved in advance by the Mentor, 
discipline faculty and Registrar. Students re- 
questing a withdrawal should consult with the 


The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a 
grade point average of 3.75. Students with 
incomplete grades at the time of publication 
are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with honors 
to a few students in each graduating class. The 
criteria and designation for graduation with 
Honors are: High Honors - 3.8 grade point 
average or above; Honors - 3.6 to 3.7 grade 
point average for courses taken at Eckerd 
College. To be eligible for Honors a student 
must have completed at least 18 Eckerd Col- 
lege courses. Students graduating with fewer 
than 18 Eckerd College course credits with a 
grade point average of 3.66 or above, will 
graduate with the designation of Distinction. 



Registration dates are listed in the calendar 
at the back of this catalog. Upon completion of 
procedures as outlined in registration materials, 
the student's registration is approved by the 
business office and the Registrar. Students 
who preregister late will be charged a $30 fee. 
Proof of payment must accompany the regis- 

All courses for which the student wishes to 
register for credit must be listed on the official 
registration form. The student is responsible 
for every course listed and can receive no 
credit for courses not listed on this form. 
After registration day, official changes in 
registration may be made only through 
official drop/add cards approved by the 
instructors whose courses are involved. 
Unless a course is officially dropped, a 
grade of F will be incurred if the student 
fails to meet the obligations of the course. 
No course may be added after the drop/add 
deadlines which are printed in the calendar in 
the back of this catalog. 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audita course without fee, subject to permission 
of the instructor. Part-time students or students 
not registered for credit may attend courses as 
auditors subject to formal permission of the 
instructor and payment of an auditor's fee of 
$360. Entry is made on the student's permanent 
record concerning audited classes. A course 
taken for audit may be changed to credit with 
the instructor's permission, if the change is 
filed with the Registrar by the end of the eighth 
week of a semester. 


Eckerd College accords all of its students their 
full rights under the Family Educational Rights 
and Privacy Act of 1974, as amended. This Act 
provides that the institution will maintain the 
confidentiality of student education records. 
It establishes the right of students to inspect 
and review their education records, and pro- 
vides guidelines for the correction of inaccurate 
or misleading data through formal and infor- 
mal hearings. 

No one outside Eckerd College shall have 
access to nor will the college disclose any in- 
formation from students' education records 
without the written consent of students except 
to personnel within the institutions in which 
students seek to enroll, to persons or organiza- 
tions providing students financial aid, to ac- 
crediting agencies carrying out their accredita- 
tion function, to persons in compliance with a 
judicial order, and to persons in an emergency 
in order to protect the health and safety of 
students or other persons. 

Within the Eckerd College community, only 
those members individually or collectively, 
acting in the students' educational interests 
with a demonstrated need to know are allowed 

access to student education records. Informa- 
tion may be released to parents of students 
since Eckerd College considers all students as 
"dependent" unless they specifically inform 
the college within a reasonable period of time 
that they consider themselves to be "indepen- 
dent" and so prove that status with a certified 
copy of the parents most recent Federal Income 
Tax form. 

Eckerd College may, at its discretion, provide 
Directory Information to anyone requesting it 
in accordance with the provisions of the Act, 
to include: student name, address, telephone 
number, date and place of birth, major field of 
study, dates of attendance, degrees and awards 
received, the most recent previous educational 
agency or institution attended by the student, 
participation in officially recognized activities 
and sports, and weight and height of members 
of athletic teams. Students may request that 
Directory Information be withheld by notifying 
the Registrar in writing by the end of add/drop 
period of the fall semester. Request for non- 
disclosure will be honored by the institution 
for one academic year only; therefore, authori- 
zation to withhold Directory Information must 
be filed annually in the Office of the Registrar. 




(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

1 . The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

2. The third letter indicates the collegium. A- 
Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Comparative 
Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural 
Sciences; F-Foundations; I-International 
(offered abroad). 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by 
the collegial designations: CRA-Creative 
Arts, BEB-Behavioral Science, CUC-Com- 
parative Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN- 
Natural Sciences, FDF-Foundations, INI- 
a course offered abroad, and JCP indicates 
Judaeo-Christian Perspective. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indi- 
cates the level of the course: 1 and 2 indi- 

cate a course at the Freshman or Sophomore 
level; 3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or 
Senior level. 

5. The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by a 
letter after the third digit: A-Aesthetic, C- 
Cross-Cultural, E-Environmental, S-Social 
Relations, P-fulfills any of the four perspec- 
tive requirements. Courses which meet the 
computation requirement are indicated by 
M after the digits. 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts 
are negotiated between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract 
forms are available in the Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced 
Learners only. Please consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor consists of five 
courses from a single discipline, to be determined by the discipline. A minor may be earned 
only in those courses in which a major exists. 



Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a major area of 
artistic endeavor. Whether in creative expres- 
sion or aesthetic appreciation, all focus on 
providing students with the ability to make 
informed value judgments in the artistic area 
under consideration. 

AHL 101 A Introduction to Art History 
to 1400 

AHL 102A Introduction to Art History: 
1400 to Present 

AHL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

AHL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 

For descriptions see Art History. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

For description see Art. 

ARI 321A British Painting 1760 -1960 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, 
architecture, dance, and film correlated with 
the history of Western civilization for a deeper 
understanding and appreciation of the arts of 
the Western world. 

CRA 201A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Immersion in the performing and visual arts of 
the Tampa Bay area, and an exploration of the 
creative process from the perspective of artist, 
performer, and audience. Field trips. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

Moral, ethical and religious questions in working 
life, as seen in the novel. Discussion of the 
books with practitioners of the professions. 

CRA 225A Music and Architecture 

Fundamentals of art criticism applied to var- 
ious "multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theo- 
ries extracted. Freshman discouraged from 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American 
women artists from 1935 to the present. 
Works by women in dance, visual arts, prose, 
poetry, film, photography, etc. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

EDA 329A Master Teachers 

EDA 336A Frames of Mind: the Study of 
Multiple Intelligences 

EDA 338A The Power of Stories 

For descriptions see Education. 

FRC 301 A Introduction to Literary Analysis 

For description see Modern Languages, 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

•For description see History. 

LIL 2 10 A Human Experience in Literature 

LIA/L 226A Literary Genres: Short Novel 

LIA 228A The American Short Story: 
Fiction into Film 

LIA 241 A Major American Novels 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native 
American Literature 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel: Western 
Narrative I 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

LIL 305A Women as Metaphor 

LIL 325A Men and Women in Literature 

LIL/REL 342A The Art of Biblical 

LIL 349A Fiction from Around the World 

LIL 352A African-American Literary 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

LIA 381 A Contemporary American Fiction 

LIA 382A Contemporary American Poetry 

For descriptions see Literature. 

LTR 300A The Ancient Greek World 
Through Literature 

Greek attitudes and aesthetics revealed through 
poetry, drama, prose, art and archaeology using 
readings, slides and artifacts. 

LTR 301 A A Nation of Poets and Thinkers: 
Art and Philosophy in Modern German 

Art and philosophy in German culture from 
the classical period of Hegel and Goethe to the 
present. Interrelationship between art and 
thinking. Prerequisite: at least one course in 
history, literature or philosophy, or permission 
of instructor. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music Liter- 

MUA 326A American Music and Values 

For descriptions see Music. 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 
PLL 263A Aesthetics 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

REL/LIL 342A The Art of Biblical 

For description see Religious Studies. 

SPC 301A Survey of Spanish Literature 

SPC 302A Survey of Spanish American 


American Studies 

For descriptions see Modern Languages, 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 
THA 261 A Video Practicum 

THA 322A Communication Arts and 


TH/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

THA 382A Theatre Beyond Literature 

For descriptions see Theatre. 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

WWA 302A Rhetoric of Film 

For description see Creative Writing. 


A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization built around the core disciplines of 
history, political science and literature. The 
program may also include courses in such fields 
as philosophy, religion, art, economics and 
sociology. The student's program, developed 
in consultation with the Mentor and supervised 
by a three-member faculty committee, should 
form a consistent pattern of courses in Amer- 
ican culture and institutions. The program 
includes a minimum of ten courses, with at 
least five from one discipline. Six of the ten 
courses must be beyond the introductory level. 
One of the seminars listed below, which also 
meet the Social Perspective course require- 
ment, should be included in the major. 

Students who complete the American studies 
major demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of American history, institutions, 
and culture, within an interdisciplinary per- 
spective, demonstrated by the ability to 
talk and write intelligently about these fields. 

— ability to define and evaluate the myths and 
values of American culture. 

— knowledge of the development of the field 
of American studies as an academic dis- 

— understanding of some of the characteristic 
methodologies of the field of American 

— understanding of a sub-field in American 
studies (e.g., American history, American 
literature, American government, minorities 
studies) and how it relates to the larger field 
of American studies. An understanding of 
how the study of the sub-field is enriched by 
the interdisciplinary approach of American 

— ability to relate together the various courses 
and approaches that have been taken as a 
part of the major program, and to defend 
the interdisciplinary approach to the study 
of America. 

— familiarity with some of the classic works in 
American studies that relate the fields of 
American literature and history and the 
ability to evaluate the author's methodology. 

— demonstrated ability to undertake a re- 
search project that will explore important 
issues and problems in methodology and 
interpretation of American studies. 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

Myths in American history, literature and 
religion which shape Americans' understanding 
of their identity and history. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

Reform and radical ideology of the 19th and 
20th centuries. Populism, progressivism; 
nationalist, civil rights, peace, feminist, en- 
vironmental movements. 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be 
male or female in the U.S. Historical origins 
and sources of values concerning masculinity 
and femininity. 


Anthropology is the holistic study of human- 
kind, embracing cultural diversity, human 
origins, linguistics, and the application of 
knowledge to current social problems. Require- 
ments for the major include successful com- 
pletion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthro- 
pological Theory, Physical Anthropology, 
Statistical Methods, Linguistics or Field 
Archaeology, plus completion of five other 
courses in anthropology, two of which must be 



applied courses, and an oral comprehensive 
examination, with a C or better in all courses. 
In addition, anthropology majors must par- 
ticipate in at least one overseas study experi- 
ence during their time at Eckerd College, ideally 
in a non-Western culture. Exceptions can be 
made only after consultation with the anthro- 
pology faculty. 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology 
in the freshman year or as the foundation 
course on which the succeeding courses are 
built, and all other anthropology courses, with 
the exception of Introduction to Anthropologi- 
cal Research Methodology and Anthropologi- 
cal Theory, which are taken in the Junior or 
Senior year. 

Those completing the anthropology major 
demonstrate the ability to: 

— define and discuss the differences between 
the biological and the cultural aspects of 
humankind, and the interdependence of 
these two areas. 

— conduct literature research and engage in 
scholarly writing that is logically cohesive 
and properly documented. 

— explain the concept of cultural relativity 
and discuss the implications for intercul- 
tural relations. 

— distinguish arguments or positions based 
on sound data and logically reasoned, from 
those which lack sound supporting data and/ 
or rest on questionable assumptions. 

— knowledge and experience in the funda- 
mentals of empirical research, including 
anthropological methods and techniques of 
gathering data, data analysis, and the writing 
of a research report. 

— familiarity with a variety of topical, regional 
and applied fields of inquiry. 

— preparedness for graduate programs in the 
field of anthropology and in related multi- 
cultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses 
in anthropology. 

ANC 201 Introduction to Anthropology 

Explore such areas as language, ecology, 
economy and exchange, domestic organization 
and kinship, political organization, stratifica- 
tion in societies, religion, sex roles, as applied 
to anthropology. 

ANC 202 Introduction to Field 

Participation in a field experience. Prerequi- 
site: ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 203C Cultures of the Middle East 

Islamic cultures and changes that have taken 
place through contact with the West. Environ- 
ment, religion, social organizations, rural and 
urban factors, status of women, development 
of nationalism. 

ANC 205 Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, 
social relationships, communication, intelli- 
gence of primates; conservation and biomedical 
research. Observation techniques through field 
project. Prerequisites: ANC 201; biology ma- 
jors with permission of instructor. 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 

Family, child-raising, position of women; nurs- 
eries, schools, clinics; Revolutionary Commit- 
tees. China's politics since the death of Mao. 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 

Overview of human sexuality, including cross- 
cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range 
of sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by 
humans, to help put one's own sexuality in 

ANC/LIA 230 Linguistics 

The scientific study of language and its con- 
text: the elements of language and its uses in 
personal thought, social interaction, cultural 
values and institutions. 

ANC 240 Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the 
study of homo sapiens: evolutionary theory, 
primate behavior, fossil evidence, human 
adaptation, sociobiology and aggression. 

ANC/IBC/MNB 260 The Cultural 
Environment of International Business 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct 
form one's own. 



ANC/IBC/MNB 261 International 

Management practices in Taiwan, Japan, North 
America, Europe, China, Africa, Latin America. 
Based on Harvard Case Studies involving 
American corporations in foreign cultures. 
Solve cross-cultural management problems. 

ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Africa's geography, topography and cultural 
patterns: politics, economics, language, adap- 
tation. Comparisons of cultural heritages for 
selected societies. 

ANC 305S Culture and Personality 

Major theoretical and conceptual tools utilized 
by anthropologists in the study of personality 
in culture; data-gathering techniques. Offered 
every third year. 

ANC 333 Introduction to Anthropological 
Research Methodology 

Design and implementation of different types 
of research modes. Field work projects. Pre- 
requisite: ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 335 Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environment and cul- 
tural systems. 

ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural under- 
standing, communication and interaction. 

ANC 337 Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in formal and nonformal education in 
the Third World and in minority groups. 
Methods of conducting ethnological fieldwork 
in education. Major trends in role of education 
in development. Prerequisite: ANC 201 (ex- 
ceptions made for education majors). 

ANC 338 Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society. Fieldwork in local churches. Prere- 
quisite: ANC 201 (exceptions made for re- 
ligion and other interested majors). 

ANC 339 Developmental Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, 
agricultural development, role of cultural 
factors such as economic decision-making, 
risk-taking, gender roles. Prerequisite: Sopho- 
more or better or permission of instructor. 
ANC 201 recommended. 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, 
gender, family, education, corporate, xeno- 
phobia, prejudice. Methods of resolution such 
as third party, negotiation, mediation, arbitra- 
tion. Prerequisite: Sophomore or better or 
permission of instructor. ANC 201 recom- 

ANC 350 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to Museum Work 

Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and con- 
structing an exhibit based on research. Minimum 
120 hours. Prerequisite: at least one anthro- 
pology course and consent of instructor. 

ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar for anthropology majors. 
Schools of thought on evolution, diversity, 
diffusionism, culture and personality. 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

CUC285C Latin American Area Studies 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective Courses. 

GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

GEC 350 (Directed Study) World Regional 

For descriptions see Geography. 


Specific focus and courses for the major are 
worked out with a visual arts Mentor. Every 
program must consist of a minimum of ten 
studio courses, including ARA 101, 102, and 
320, plus two approved courses in art history 
from outside the discipline. Every student 
must pass the required Sophomore show review 
in the categories of drawing and design before 
undertaking the Senior thesis exhibition. The 
Senior thesis exhibition is required of all 
majors for graduation, and must demonstrate 



technical competence and a developed artistic 
vision, the ability to work in a sustained way 
with a visual problem or problems, and to 
organize gallery scale space coherently. 

The visual arts major is process and project 
oriented, based on the student's development 
as an artist. Within the major students develop 
their own area of emphasis, focusing on the 
media they select, imagery and content. The 
major should be seen as the central part of the 
student's education, with other college re- 
quirements and elective s contributing as in- 
tegral elements to education as a person and 

The normal four year program moves from 
structured courses, to greater freedom, to the 
independently executed Senior thesis show. 


Visual Problem Solving 
Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 


Choice of workshop courses 
Sophomore show 


Art History 


Choice of workshop courses 



Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 

An art minor consists of ARA 101, 102, and 
one course in art history, plus three other studio 
courses approved by the art faculty for quali- 
fication for the minor. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal 
approach to solutions, even within narrow, 
arbitrarily prescribed bounds. 

ARA 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in 
new ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, 
self-discovery, and self-expression through 
varied drawing media, using as sources the 
figure, still-life, nature, and imagination. 

ARA 205 Calligraphy I 

The calligraphy styles of England, Europe and 
America. Introductory survey open to all stu- 
dents regardless of major. 

ARA 222 Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic 
materials, handforming, recycling, glazing, 
firing. Laboratories with supervised working 
time and lectures on technical knowledge. 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

In-depth investigation of one of the oldest 
print mediums, using linoleum as the primary 
matrix to explore design and graphic imagery 
in both black and white and color. Prerequisite: 
ARA 101 or 102. 

ARA 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard 
and soft grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open 
biting, embossing, and color printing. Experi- 
mentation and an imaginative approach is 
expected. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction of process of painting with 
emphasis on each student finding his/her own 
imagery, exploring technical means. Any me- 
dium or combination allowed. Prerequisite: 
ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 229 Photography as Image 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking 
and developing black and white photographs. 
No prerequisites, but the student should have 
access to a camera with adjustable aperture 
and shutter speeds. 

ARA 230 Transparent Watercolor Painting 

Paint under artificial light as well as out of 
doors. Open to beginners and more advanced 
students who have never tried transparent 
watercolor painting. 

ARA 241 Intermediate Drawing 

A variety of traditional and non-traditional 
drawing media. Visit museums and galleries. 
Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102. 



ARA 250 (Directed Study) History of the 

A survey of the history and development of the 
print medium, intended primarily for art stu- 
dents with some background in the graphic 
arts. Counts as one art history credit. 

ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Production of two-and three-dimensional ob- 
jects and images, employing various materials, 
exploring the interface between painting and 
sculpturing. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 305 Design and Techniques of 

Fine letterpress printing through a studio 
course in the techniques of platen and cylinder 

ARA 306 Calligraphy II 

Further development of skills in one particular 
British or American alphabet, with its history 
and various uses. Prerequisite: ARA 205 and 
permission of instructor. 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aes- 
thetic considerations, techniques and critiques. 
Prerequisite: ARA 222 or permission of in- 
structor. Offered alternate semesters. 

ARA 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through sur- 
face finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from 
prehistoric through contemporary use, with an 
overview of history. Prerequisite: ARA 101 
and 222. 

ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular 
critiques, each student preparing a contract 
for work in media of the student's choice. Class 
used for review of work, field trips and dis- 
cussion. Prerequisites: art majors only who 
have completed the Sophomore show require- 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious 
work in various drawing media, developing a 
personal mode of expression. Emphasis on 
experimentation with new materials and ideas. 
Must be capable of working independently. 
Prerequisites: ARA 101, 102 and permission 
of instructor. 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Intensive independent projects designed to 
encourage imaginative examination of the local 
environment. Class critiques weekly. Evalua- 
tion on final portfolio of at least 20 finished 
mounted prints exhibiting technical excellence 
and creative insight. Prerequisite: ARA 229 
and permission of instructor. 

ARA 325 Monoprinting 

Use etching press to explore ways of achieving 
single-impression images through use of oil, 
watercolor and printing inks. Demonstrations, 
critiques, individual supervision, culminating 
in exhibition at end of semester. Prerequisites: 
ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 326 Plate Lithography 

An exploration of the basic techniques of 
aluminum plate lithography. Students are 
expected to produce prints in color as well as 
black and white. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 
102 and permission of instructor. 

ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 

ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in ARA 228. 
Individual instruction with periodic group cri- 
tiques. Emphasis on larger scale works and 
technical appropriateness. Prerequisites: ARA 
228 for 327; 327 for 328. 


Art History 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works 
and research on the life and times of that artist, 
and make a presentation on both the art works 
and the facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sopho- 
more's with instructor's permission. 

ARA 330 Opaque Watercolor Painting 

Techniques of gouache and tempera water- 
colors, concentrating on aspects of commercial 
art, illustration and fine art approaches. Pre- 
requisite: ARA 101, 102 and permission of 

ARA 342 Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modern print techniques, illustration, photo- 
graphy in advertising, publishing, mass media. 
For Juniors and Seniors; others by permission. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, 
self-structured time to work, regular weekly 
meetings, critiques, practice in hanging and 
criticizing shows. Personal, individual discus- 
sion time with instructor. Prerequisite: Senior 
major in art. 

ARI 300 (Directed Study) Florence: An 
Architectural History of the City 

For description see International Education, 
Italy Offerings. 

ARI 321A British Painting 1760-1960 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) History of 
English Architecture 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics: 
Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 

For art courses offered in Florence see 
International Education, Italy Offerings. 


AHL 101A Introduction to Art History to 

Survey of the history of art from the prehistoric 
period through Middle Ages. 

AHI 102A Introduction to Art History: 
1400 to Present 

Development of Renaissance, mannerist, realis- 
tic, impression and post-impressionistic, 
modernist and postmodernist styles in painting, 
sculpture and architecture, related to the cul- 
ture of the times in which they grew. 

AHL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

European painting from Cezanne through 
World War II. Analyzing and appreciating 
painting, lives and personalities of painters, 
schools of art, relationship with events of per- 
iod. Permission of instructor required for 
Freshman. Offered alternate years. 

AHL 341A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 

Art and architecture of Medieval and Renais- 
sance periods in western Europe and the char- 
acter of the change in vision and artistic prod- 
uct. Films and slides. Permission of instructor 
required for Freshmen. Offered alternate years. 


For description see Physics. 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are 
published in a separate brochure. 




BEB 160M Statistical Methods 

Quantitative techniques for data analysis in 
the behavioral sciences; univariate and bivar- 
iate description, and inference. Credit will be 
given for only one of MAN 133 or BEB 160M, 
but not both. 


The biology major is designed to give a broad 
pre-professional background for students in- 
terested in careers in marine biology, bio- 
medical science, environment, and related 
fields. Required is demonstration of basic 
knowledge and understanding of the history, 
methods, and principles of the life sciences. 
This demonstration will be satisfied by suc- 
cessful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
or thesis exam, and ordinarily the following 
courses: Marine Invertebrate Biology, Plant 
Biology or Marine and Freshwater Botany, 
Biology of Vertebrates, Cell Biology, Genetics, 
Comparative Physiology, Principles of Ecology, 
and an acceptable elective. Each student must 
also satisfactorily complete Biology Seminar 
and General Chemistry I and II. 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 
Students must meet the major and general 
education requirements (including prerequi- 
sites) by including in their program BIN 303, 
304 (the "investigative" courses), MAN 131M, 
MAN 133 or BEB 160M (calculus and sta- 
tistics), CHN 221, 222 (organic chemistry), 
and PHN 241, 242 (physics) or an approved 
substitute. Students participating in off-cam- 
pus programs may petition for alternatives to 
these specifications. 

For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 
Students must meet the major and general 
education requirements in the context of a 
more diverse program than that specified for 
the B.S. At least 12 courses must be in the 
natural sciences and mathematics. 

Students who major in biology may not also 
major in marine science (biology track). 

A possible sequence for the B.S. or B.A. degree 
in biology: 


Invertebrate Biology 

Calculus I for the B.S., a mathematics course 
for the B.A. 


Plant Biology 
Statistics for the B.S. 


Vertebrate Biology 
Chemistry I 
Cell Biology 
Chemistry II 


Genetics with laboratory for the B.S., 

without for the B.A. 
Organic Chemistry I for the B.S. 
Biology Seminar 
Physiology with laboratory for the B.S., 

without for the B.A. 
Organic Chemistry II for the B.S. 
Biology Seminar 



Physics I for the B.S. 
Senior Seminar 

Advanced Biology course 
Physics H for the B.S. 
Senior Seminar 
Senior Comprehensive Examination or Thesis 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be 
taken in the Junior year to accommodate 
Chemistry I and II in the Freshman year, 
leading to Organic Chemistry I and II in the 
Sophomore year. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate 
basic knowledge in seven areas of the life 
sciences (invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, 
genetics, physiology and ecology). They learn 
how to develop experiments to test appropriate 
hypotheses, use skills and laboratory tech- 
niques necessary for investigative research, 
gather and analyze data and synthesize con- 
clusions, and evaluate and sythesize informa- 
tion thus obtained. They gain an appreciation 
of the history of the life sciences and see their 
connection with study areas included in the 
biology major curriculum, and the relationship 
of information gained from a scientific per- 
spective to values-oriented issues in their lives. 
Through this program, students also have the 
opportunity to improve and perfect their 
listening, writing and speaking abilities. 



A minor requires five biology courses, not 
including more than two at the 100 level, 
perspective courses (except General Biology), 
or directed or independent studies. At least 
one of the five courses must be at the 300 or 
above level. 

BIN 12 IE General Biology 

Principles of biological science; scientific 
method; characteristics of and interactions 
between cells, organs, organisms, populations, 
communities and ecoystems. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, 
their place in the ecosystem and responses to 
environmental conditions. Vascular, non-vas- 
cular marine, freshwater and land plants. 
Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environ- 
ment. A survey of all plant groups will be 
included. Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 189 Marine Invertebrate 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, 
biological functions and environmental inter- 
actions of animal life in the seas, exploring the 
local area. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, 
neo-Darwinian evolution and evolutionary 
features as seen in anatomy of aquatic and 
terrestrial chordates. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as 
the unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration and expenditure 
of energy by the cell. Prerequisites: CHN 121; 
CHN 122 as co-requisite. 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological 
techniques, isolation and identification of 
unknown organisms. 

BIN 250 (Directed Study) Exploration in 
Human Nutrition 

Available through summer term or Special 
Programs only. Suitable for non-science majors. 
For students curious about their own nutri- 
tional needs, who may be confused by the 
many myths currently perpetuated in popular 

BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships 
in natural communities. Field work in nearby 
ponds and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: 
Junior or Senior standings. Corequisite: BIN 
303 or 305 or permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology and 
behavior of fishes. Laboratory includes field 
collecting, trips to local institutions, examina- 
tion of anatomical features and systematic 
characteristics. Prerequisite: BIN 200, and 
Junior standing. 

BIN 303 Genetics: Investigative 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from 
historical perspective. Experimental approach 
emphasized. Small lab groups participate in 
experimental design, and develop research 
skills in molecular biology. Prerequisite: CHN 
121/2, BIN 202 or permission of instructor. 
Corequisite: CHN 221. Marine science majors 
may substitute MSN 301 for CHN 221/2. 

BIN 304 Comparative Physiology: 

Physiological mechanisms of animals and gen- 
eral principles revealed through application of 
comparative methods. Creative project lab to 
develop research skills. Prerequisite: CHN 
121/2, BIN 202, 303. Corequisite: CHN 221. 
Marine science majors may substitute MSN 
301 for CHN 221/2. 

BIN 305 Genetics: Interpretive 

See BIN 303. Library research project in place 
of investigative lab. Prerequisite: CHN 121/ 



BIN 306 Comparative Physiology: 

See BIN 304. Library research project or in- 
dependent alternative in place of investigative 
lab. Corequisite: CHN 122. 

BIN 307 Biology of Marine Vertebrates 

Classification, characteristics, general ecology 
and current research methodology. Prerequi- 
site: BEN 200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 310 Techniques in Electron 

Research techniques such as tissue preparation, 
sectioning with an ultramicrotome, filming 
observations. Prerequisites: Junior standing, 
science major, permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

Marine mammal systematics, status, economic 
value, behavior, physiology, population dy- 
namics, evolution, management. Prerequisite: 
BIN 200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 350 (Directed Study) Human 

Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, repro- 
ductive, excretory systems; metabolic integra- 
tion. Suitable for biology majors off -campus 
unable to take BIN 304 or 306. Prerequisites: 
CHN 122, BIN 202 and permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 402 Marine Ecology 

Selected aspects of marine systems. Prere- 
quisites: BIN 301 or 307. 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Subjects investigated determined by student 
interest. Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188. 

BIN 407 Paleobotany 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips. Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188, at least 
Junior standing and permission of instructor. 

BIN 408/NAN 410 Biology Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

Topical concerns in biology especially those 
not fully explored in other areas of the biology 
curriculum. Junior, Senior biology majors par- 
ticipate for one course credit; Sophomores 
invited to attend. 

BIN 420 Advanced Ecology and Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and 
conduct a semester-long independent field 
research project on selected topic. Prerequi- 
sites: B or better in BIN 301 and permission of 

BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of 
genetics. Gene regulation, oncogenes, immuno- 
genetics, genetic engineering, human genetics. 
Biological and social implications. Prerequisite: 
BIN 303 or 305 or permission of instructor. 

BIN 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry 
out a creative research program, usually result- 
ing in a written dissertation which is defended 
in the spring. 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of England 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

NAN 382E The Oceans and Man 

NAN 383E Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 

NAN 384E The Human Body as an 


NAN 385E Genetics: A Human Perspective 

For descriptions see Environmental Per- 
spective Courses. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 

See also Marine Science and Sea Semester. 




Students may select from three degree pro- 
grams which include the following course re- 

For the B.A. degree: 

CHN 121/2, 221/2, 320, 321, 326 and one 
upper level chemistry elective. 

For the B.S. degree: 

CHN 121/2, 221/2, 320, 321/2, 326, 424, 

For the B.S. degree (Certified): 

CHN 121/2, 221/2, 320, 321/2, 326, 424, 
426, 429 or 499 and one upper level chemis- 
try elective. 

The B.S. (Certified) degree has been approved 
by the American Chemical Society. 

The above courses are normally taken in the 
order listed. 

For any degree, students must also take MAN 
131/2, PHN 241/2 and CHN 428/NAN 410 
Chemistry Senior Seminar. Additionally, stu- 
dents must satisfy the collegium requirement 
of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 16 courses 
for either of the B.S. degrees. A working know- 
ledge of computers and elementary program- 
ming is strongly recommended for all courses 
beyond CHN 222. Finally, students must 
maintain a C average or better in courses within 
the chemistry discipline and supporting courses. 

Juniors and Seniors are involved in Experi- 
mental Chemistry I and II, a two-semester 
laboratory program integrating analytical, in- 
organic, instrumental, organic and physical 
chemical methods and techniques. Projects 
undertaken are problem-solving in nature. 

The capabilities and skills that chemistry 
majors are expected to attain include know- 
ledge of chemical synthesis, analysis, and 
theory. In addition, students acquire com- 
petence in laboratory techniques, the use of 
chemical instrumentation, written and oral 
communication, and the ability to use the 
chemical literature. 

Students desiring a minor in chemistry must 
take CHN 121 and 122 and any three of the 
following: CHN 221, 222, 320, 321, 322, 323, 
324, 326 and 424. 

CHN 101E Chemistry and the Environment 

Development of mathematical, conceptual and 
problem-solving skills. Examples from current 
environmental and energy issues. Not recom- 
mended for students who have taken General 
Chemistry. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CHN 121 General Chemistry I 

Principles of modern chemical theory for 
majors in the sciences. Prerequisites: place- 
ment at H level in mathematics. 

CHN 122 General Chemistry II 

Modern chemical theory of importance to later 
work in chemistry and molecular biology. 
Laboratory includes use of instrumentation 
for pH, redox, spectrophotometric measure- 
ments. Prerequisite: CHN 121 with grade of C 
or better. 

CHN 221 Organic Chemistry I 

First part of two-course sequence dealing with 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds. 
Laboratory on techniques of organic chemistry, 
preparation of several simple organic com- 
pounds. Prerequisite: CHN 122 with grade of 
C or better. 

CHN 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Continuation of CHN 221 proceeding to more 
complex functional groups. Laboratory on 
preparation of organic compounds, qualitative 
methods for determination of unknown organic 
substances. Prerequisite: CHN 221 with grade 
of C or better. 

CHN 320 Analytical Chemistry 

Modern analytical measurements, separations, 
and instrumentation including acid-base, redox, 
solubility, complexation equilibrian and their 
applications. Prerequisites; CHN 222 or per- 
mission of instructor, and MAN 132. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I: 

Laws of thermodynamics, free energy, and 
chemical equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, 
non-electrolytes; electrochemistry, chemical 
kinetic theory. Prerequisites: CHN 122, MAN 
132, PHN 242 or permission of instructor. 



CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II: 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic 
and molecular spectroscopy, statistical ther- 
modynamics and some molecular symmetry. 
Prerequisite: CHN 321. 

CHN 323 Physical Chemistry I: 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 321. 

CHN 324 Physical Chemistry II: 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 322. 

CHN 326 Experimental Chemistry I: 
Techniques and Instrumentation 

Practical application of modern experimental 
techniques and modern chemical instrumen- 
tation. Required of all chemistry majors, nor- 
mally in the Junior year. Prerequisites: CHN 
320 and 321. 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic reso- 
nance and mass spectroscopy; advanced syn- 
thetic methods, elucidation of reaction mech- 
anism, stereochemistry, molecular rearrange- 
ments and orbital theory. Prerequisites: CHN 
222 and 322. 

CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Electronic structure and properties of the 
atom, among them covalent bond, stereo- 
chemistry, solid state, acid-base, thermody- 
namics; reaction mechanisms, non-aqueous 
solvents, borron hydride chemistry. Prerequi- 
site: CHN 322. For Senior chemistry majors. 

CHN 425 Biochemistry 

Structure, function, metabolism, thermody- 
namic relationship of chemical entities in living 
systems. Quantitative aspects through com- 
puter modeling of biological systems. Prereq- 
uisite: CHN 222. 

CHN 428/NAN 410 Chemistry Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

For Junior and Senior chemistry majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of 
two years of participation. Continuation in 
seminar contingent on satisfactory progress in 
upper division courses. 

CHN 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the 
major areas of chemistry. Elective for B.A. or 
B.S. in Senior year, required for non-thesis 
B.S. (Certified) chemistry majors. Prerequisite: 
CHN 326 and permission of instructor. 

CHN 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may 
be invited to do independent research with a 
member of the chemistry staff during their 
Senior year, and write and defend a research 
thesis before a thesis committee. 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry and 

NAN/LTL 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

For descriptions see Environmental Per- 
spective Courses. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 


REL 101/102 New Testament Greek 

For description see Religious Studies. 

LAC 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, de- 
velop a vocabulary of approximately 500 words 
and the ability to read moderately difficult 
prose. English word derivation heavily stressed. 
LAC 101 is prerequisite for 102. 

CHN 426 Experimental Chemistry II: 
Advanced Techniques 

Continuation of CHN 326. One year lab course 
on sophisticated techniques of experimental 
chemistry culminating in research project. 
Required of all B.S. chemistry majors in Senior 
year. Prerequisites: CHN 322 and 326. 


CRA 140 Mass Communications 

The role of the media in society with focus on 
newspapers, magazines, radio and television, 
and the ways in which the media shape our 
thinking and behavior. 




Comparative educational studies is an inter- 
disciplinary major, emphasizing theoretical 
and experiential work in the social sciences 
(anthropology, economics, political science, 
sociology and psychology), the humanities 
(literature, history, philosophy and religion) 
and the fine arts, in addition to pedagogy. The 
curriculum integrates an expanded concept of 
education (formal, non-formal and informal) 
with an international research base, focusing 
on areas outside the West and First World. 

Students take ten comparative or international 
courses in education, anthropology, economics, 
political science, aesthetics, area studies and 
foreign languages. Students spend at least one 
semester in the Junior year in an education- 
related internship outside the U.S., applying 
concepts from coursework in field research 
leading to the development of the Senior pro- 
ject. The major does not provide a teaching 
certificate. Entry level courses are EDA 202S 
and EDA 203 C. Statistics is the recommended 
mathematics course. Contact Professor Rus- 
sell Bailey for specific program requirements. 

See Education. 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three 
areas: five courses in a literature (commonly 
English and/or American), three courses in a 
foreign language (such as French, German or 
Spanish), of which at least two are literature 
courses, and two courses in a second foreign 
language (at any level) , or in another discipline 
(such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), or 
in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 
Students should have one course using com- 
parative methodology. Linguistics and literary 
criticism are recommended. 

Students develop competencies in compara- 
tive techniques, literary analogues and influ- 
ences, research methods, and interdisciplinary 
work. Coursework is shaped to individual 
student programs, typically moving from intro- 
ductory levels to advanced work, often cul- 
minating in a thesis. 


Composition courses emphasize the ways 
different writing processes lead to successful 
learning and communication. All address the 
conventions of expository writing, standard 
English usage, documentation, and preparation 
of portfolios for competency evaluation. Stu- 
dents in composition courses are urged to 
complete their assignments using the word 
processing facilities in the college's computer 
laboratories. The Writing Center, a service of 
the writing excellence program, supplements 
composition courses and provides assistance 
to students regarding any writing task. 

Native speakers of English may take two 
Freshman-level composition courses for credit; 
non-native speakers may take three Freshman- 
level composition courses for credit. 

FDF 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: prewriting, 
drafting, revising, editing. Development of a 
personal voice to express ideas and values. 
Journal, academic essays, proper use of re- 
sources, including documentation. 

FDF 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with 
attention to audience, organization, evidence, 
persuasion. Collegiate research report: research 
questions, writing from sources, presenting 
relevant evidence logically. 

FDF 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, 
editing, research skills. Audience awareness, 
broadening student's repertoire, enriching 
language use. Usually requires major research 

FDF 221 Reading and Writing Nonfiction 

Read and write critical analyses of contem- 
porary nonfiction authors. Study and practice 
advanced writing techniques. Research and 
write in areas of personal interest. Group and 
library work. Prerequisite: Sophomore stand- 
ing and one semester's work involving writing, 
or instructor's permission. 


Computer Science 

FDF 32 1 Composition Theory and Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of com- 
position, analysis of writing processes, designing 
units of instruction. Group inquiry techniques 
and collaborative writing assignments. Prac- 
ticum in tutoring. Prerequisite: Junior standing, 
completion of writing competency requirement, 
or instructor's permission. 

FDF 322 Researching and Writing in the 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, 
with ongoing evaluation of researching and 
writing techniques. Participate in writing 
groups, keep a research notebook. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing. 

FDF 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer- 
mediated communication in the context of 
modern business practice. 


The course requirements for the computer 
science major are composed of two parts — 
the program core, and the program special- 
ization. The core is a structured sequence of 
four computer science courses (Introduction 
to Computer Science, Data Structures, Com- 
puter Systems, Theory of Computing) and 
four mathematics courses (Calculus 1, Discrete 
Mathematics, Statistics, Linear Algebra). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of 
four , computer science electives numbered 
310 or greater pursued during the Junior and 
Senior years, is less structured, allowing the 
student to emphasize his or her special inter- 
ests. At least one of these is required to be 
CSN 310 or CSN 411. The Computer Science 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior 
years. This is a total of 1 2 courses (not including 
the seminar) for the Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced com- 
puter science (300 level or above), mathe- 
matics or physics, are required for the Bachelor 
of Science. 

Students majoring in computer science acquire 
a knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm 
design and programming, as well as the under- 
lying principles, design, and implementation 
of the major components of computing systems. 
Achievement of the required competencies is 
demonstrated by successful completion of 

a Senior comprehensive examination or thesis 
and by the successful completion of the four 
required computer science courses (CSN 143, 
CSN 221, CSN 222, and CSN 301) and a mini- 
mum of four computer science elective courses 
numbered CSN 310 or greater. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (com- 
puter science and mathematics), Combinatorial 
Mathematics may be substituted for Discrete 
Mathematics, and Probability and Statistics I 
for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires comple- 
tionofCSN143M, 221, 222 and two computer 
science courses numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

History of computing: overview of the elements 
of a computer system; problem solving and 
algorithm development; Pascal programming 
for numeric and non-numeric problems. Pre- 
requisites: mathematics placement at the H 

CSN 201 Fortran Programming 

Problem solving using the Fortran language. 
Prerequisites: CSN 143M or permission of 

CSN/MNB 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the Cobol language. Pre- 
requisites: CSN 143M,MNB 210 or permission 
of instructor. 

CSN 210S Computers and Society 

History of computing; social, ethical and legal 
impact of computers on society; overview of 
the operation, use, and programming of a com- 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes 
of problems solvable through well defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, 
recursion, lists, linked lists, trees, searching 
and sorting. Prerequisites: CSN 143M. 


Computer Science 

CSN 222 Computer Systems: Unix/C 

A laboratory course in assembly language and 
basic concepts of computer systems including 
architecture, operating systems, translators 
and digital logic. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and 
languages; introduction to finite automata, 
formal languages, Turing machines, and com- 
plexity theory. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and 
MAN 143. 

CSN 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of com- 
puting machines; central processing unit in- 
cluding micro-machine, registers, data paths, 
arithmetic logic unit, control unit, micropro- 
gramming; memory including implementation, 
virtual memory, content addressable memory, 
cache; input/output including disks, tapes, 
serial communications and networks. Prereq- 
uisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and character- 
istics of languages, methods of implementation, 
execution models and environments; survey of 
programming languages. Prerequisite: CSN 

CSN 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system 
design and development principles; specifica- 
tions; models; software tools, monitoring meth- 
ods; group programming project for a large 
software system. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis of algo- 
rithm design and analysis. Prerequisites: CSN 
301, CSN 221 and MAN 143 or consent of 

CSN/MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 
For description see Mathematics. 

CSN/MNB 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organ- 
ization of database systems; storage and re- 
trieval of data in the database; database design 
and administration. Prerequisite: CSN 221 or 
MNB 272 or permission of instructor. 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory 
management, virtual systems, interprocess 
communication, scheduling algorithms, pro- 
tection and security, deadlocks; case studies 
of operating systems. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level lan- 
guage virtual machines including assemblers, 
macro expansion, compilers and interpreters; 
syntactic and semantic models. Prerequisite: 
CSN 301. 

CSN 438/NAN 410 Computer Science 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. 
One course credit on satisfactory completion 
of two years of participation. Continuation in 
seminar contingent on satisfactory progress in 
upper division courses. 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; 
rule-based deductions; searching methods; 
applications of understanding; programming 
languages and databases for artificial intelli- 
gence. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 499 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, 
upon invitation of the computer science fac- 
ulty, do research and write a thesis under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. The sub- 
mission of the resulting written thesis and an 
oral defense will, upon approval of the com- 
puter science faculty, satisfy the comprehen- 
sive examination requirement for graduation. 
Prerequisites: excellence in computer science 
courses through the Junior year and invitation 
by the faculty. 


KSN 20 IP Models of Reasoning 

For description see Knight Reading Seminars. 

Creative Writing 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers — students who think of themselves 
primarily as writers and students for whom 
writing will be an important avocation. Stu- 
dents develop their curriculum individually in 
consultation with the Mentor. Course work 
varies considerably, but normally must include 
six courses in literature (while this is a minimum, 
creative writing majors usually elect to take 
more than this). At least three workshops are 
required: fiction, poetry, and one of the follow- 
ing: playwriting, travel writing, journal writing, 
or children's literature. Seniors are required 
to complete a thesis, a compilation of the stu- 
dent's best work in any combination of genres. 
The thesis committee will include two full- 
time creative writing faculty and a third mem- 
ber from any other discipline. 

In consultation with the Mentor, students 
develop a program of workshops and at least 
six literature courses. In special cases (involv- 
ing a writing interest best served by study 
outside the literature track) students may sub- 
stitute for literature courses, two courses from 
other disciplines. In the first year, students 
take 100 or 200 level literature courses and 
Writing Workshop courses in poetry or fiction. 
In subsequent years, students build upon this 
foundation by, 1) taking advanced courses in 
creative writing and courses in playwriting, 
travel writing, journals, etc., and 2) developing 
a cluster of literature courses defined by a 
particular interest (i.e., modern and contem- 
porary British and American poetry and fic- 
tion), and/or supported by courses from other 
disciplines (i.e., American Studies or History 
of Modern Britain). 

Students learn the craft of fiction, non-fiction 
and poetry and develop individual voices. 
They learn to articulate and defend reasoned 
critical opinions. 

A minor is not offered in creative writing. 

WWA 100 Introduction to Creative Writing 

An introduction to three genres of writing: 
poetry, fiction and one-act plays. Lectures, 
frequent in-class writing, small group work. 

WWA 2/3/428 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

Students' stories read aloud and discussed in 
class. Emphasis on rewriting, critical principles 
and development of works through several 
phases of composition. Can be repeated for 

WWA 2/3/429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

Forms and techniques in poetry. Students sub- 
mit their poems for discussion, review, and 
rewriting. Familiarity with current poetry is 
encouraged. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 2/3/430 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

Concentrates exclusively on formal poetry: 
sonnet, blank verse, sestina, rhymed forms. 
Permission of the instructor required. 

WWA 231 Writing Workshop: 
Children's Literature 

Reading and writing fiction and verse, explor- 
ing possibilities of children's literature. Stu- 
dents bring their own work to class for dis- 
cussion and evaluation. Preference given to 
upperclass students. Instructor's permission 

WWA 248 Writing Workshop: 
Feature Writing 

Writing magazine articles for publication: 
travel writing, public affairs reporting, in-depth 
personality features. Also write two analytical 
pieces incorporating a thoughtful critique of 
a ward- winning magazine features. 

WWA 261 Writing Workshop: 
Travel Writing 

Reading and writing about travel. Students 
will read classics in travel writing by authors 
like McPhee, Fussell, Hoagland, etc. and write 
their own articles to be discussed in the work- 
shop. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 300 Writing Workshop: Tutorial 

Daily meetings with instructor to discuss pro- 
gress in all genres. Periodic group discussions. 
Prerequisite: one writing workshop and per- 
mission of instructor. 


Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 

WWA 302 A Rhetoric of Film 

Film as an art form, its history, typology, tech- 
nology and symbology. How films are made, by 
whom, and out of what visions of the world. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the 
creative process. Practice and discuss various 
journaling techniques, writing our own jour- 

WWA 328 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

See WWA 228. 

WWA 329 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 330 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

WWA 333 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Fiction 

At least two student works written, revised 
and discussed in seminar setting. Discussions 
of short stories by masters, articles on writing. 
Visits by local writers. Prerequisite: WWA 
228 and permission of instructor. 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: 
One- Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, in- 
cluding traditional and experimental forms. 
Each student writes at least two plays, to be 
read and discussed in class. Production of 
original plays encouraged. Instructor's per- 
mission required. 

WWA 335 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Poetry 

Read and discuss poetry and commentary, as 
well as original student poems. Write formally 
or in free verse. Suggestions for submitting 
poetry to journals and editors. Prerequisite: 
WWA 229 or 230 and permission of instructor. 

WWA 410 Writing Workshop Senior 

Writing creative responses in poetry or prose 
to various events on campus. Practical advice 
about jobs for writers. Guest writers. 


WWA 428 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

See WWA 228. 

WWA 429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 430 Writing Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a culture or cultures 
different from the student's own, to increase 
knowledge of the richness and diversity of 
human social existence and, in so doing, pro- 
vide greater insights into the strengths and 
weaknesses of the student's own cultural per- 
spective. A semester of study abroad may 
also satisfy this requirement. 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 
ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CUC/WHF 183C United States Area 

For description see Western Heritage. 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of 
China and Japan, through art, architecture, 
literature, customs, religious beliefs and intel- 
lectual traditions. Prerequisite: Sophomore 

CUC 283C Russian Area Studies 

Understanding Russians as people, Russia's 
contribution to Western civilization, the im- 
pact of the Bolshevik Revolution on Russian 
society and the role of Russia in the world 

Directed Study Courses 

CUC 285C Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview 
of the peoples and cultures, achievements and 
challenges faced in Latin America. 

ECB 283C International Economic 

ECB 284C Soviet and Chinese Economic 

For descriptions see Economics. Available in 
PEL only. 

EDA 203C Cultural Foundations of 

EDA 330C Comparative Education 

For descriptions see Education. 

FRC 202C Intermediate French II 

For description see Modern Languages, 

HIL 203C Europe in Transition: 1200- 

HIL 204C Foundations of Contempo- 
rary Europe: 1815-Present 

HIC 232C World History to Columbus 

HIC 233C Global History in the Modern 

HIC 264C The History of the Two St. 

HIL 30 1C Columbus and the American 

HIL 369C The French Revolution 

HIC 380C Traditional Japan: A Cultural 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 379C Florence Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
Italy Offerings. 

INI 389C British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

POB 103C Introduction to International 

POB 104C Introduction to Comparative 

POB 21 1C Inter- American Relations 

POB 32 1C Comparative European Politics 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 
REL 204C New Testament Christianity 
REC 240C Non-Western Religions 
REL 244C Western Religions 
REC 32 1C Confucian and Taoist Tradition 
For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

SPC 202C Intermediate Spanish II 

For description see Modern Languages, 

See also Knight Reading Seminars. 


For descriptions, see the appropriate disci- 
pline. Copies of directed study syllabi are avail- 
able in the Registrar's office. 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

ARA 250 History of the Print 

ARI 300 Florence: An Architectural History 
of the City (available in Italy only) 

ARI 351 A History of English 
Architecture (available in England only) 

BIN 250 Explorations in Human 

Nutrition (available in summer term and PEL 


BIN 350 Human Physiology 

CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

(by academic petition only) 

ECB 387 Urban Economics (available in 
PEL only) 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 250/1 Intermediate German: 
Grammar Review I, II 

GR/LIC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

GR/LIC 351 Life and Works of Franz 


Directed Study Courses 

HDA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
and Holistic Health 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 

HDA 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

HDA 404 Leadership and Administrative 
Dynamics (available in PEL only) 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIL 253 United States History 

HIL/I 310 History of England to 1688 

HIL/I 311 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1688 

HIL/I 312 History of London 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historian's View of our Times 

HIL 351 The Industrial Revolution 

HIL 352 The Progressive Movement 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of 

JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives 
on Contemporary Issues (by academic 
petition only for Seniors) 

LIA 250 Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare 

LII 300 Florentine Literature (available in 

Italy only) 

LIL 300A The Ancient Greek World 
Through Literature 

(available in PEL only) 

LI/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

LIA 350 Modern American Novel 

LIA 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

LI/GRC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 

NAN 150 The Universe 

NAN 151 The World of Life 

NAN 251 Futures of Humanity: Worlds of 
Science Fiction 

For description see Physics. 

PLI 351 History of Science in Great 

POL 350 Florida Politics 

POL 450 The Supreme Court in American 

PS B 201 Experimental Psychology 

(available in PEL only) 

PS I 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 

REL 210S Introduction to Christian Ethics 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

SPC 401 Modern Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

THA 250 Video Practicum 

THA 450 Alternate Theatre 


Students may plan a concentration in earth 
sciences by selecting courses in geology, ocean- 
ography and astronomy along with a broad 
selection of courses in chemistry, biology and 
physics, and specific in-depth study in one of 
the disciplines of the natural sciences. The 
program will be under the guidance and ap- 
proval of a faculty supervisory committee. 


A track in East Asian Area Studies may be 
planned through a supervising committee of 
three faculty members. 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspec- 

See Biology. 




In addition to the collegial requirement of sta- 
tistics, students majoring in economics are 
required to take a minimum of eight economics 
courses, the Senior Seminar in Economics, 
and Calculus I. All students will take Principles 
of Microeconomics, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, Intermediate Microeconomics, Inter- 
mediate Macroeconomics and History of 
Economic Thought. In addition, students 
choose three economics electives from a list of 
approved courses. Students must maintain a 
C average in upper level courses to success- 
fully complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in 
their Freshman year. This is the appropriate 
time to take calculus and statistics (second 
semester). In addition, students can start the 
economics major proper with Principles of 
Microeconomics or Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics. The next appropriate courses are 
Intermediate Microeconomics and Intermediate 
Macroeconomics. Beyond this students can 
branch out to choose electives. Economics 
electives are available with a simple pre- 
requisite of either of the Principles courses. In 
their Senior year students take History of 
Economic Thought. 

The competencies achieved in the major are 
the ability to: 

— understand and explain general economic 

— analyze and evaluate macroeconomic policy 

— analyze, synthesize and integrate economic 

— communicate effectively, in both oral and 
written form. 

— do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package. 

— engage in library research. 

— conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, 
and three upper level economics electives, 
including one upper level macro course (ECB 
382 or 386) or one upper level micro course 
(ECB 381 or 384). 

ECB 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. 
Industrial structure and pricing under different 
competitive structures. Required of all stu- 
dents majoring in economics. 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (comsumers, 
business and government) focusing on policy. 
Monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, 
balance of payments. Required for all students 
majoring in economics. 

ECB 283C International Economic 
Relations (offered in PEL only) 

The international economy since World War 
II. Japanese, European, African, Asian, Latin 
American, role of multinational corporations. 
The politics shaping economic relations be- 
tween countries. 

ECB 284C Soviet and Chinese Economic 
Systems (offered in PEL only) 

Central planning organizations and property 
rights structures, performances, forces pro- 
moting and hindering economic reform, com- 
pared to a market, private ownership economy. 

ECB 30 IS Leadership: the Human Side of 

How humans and community groups interact, 
the methods they create to bring shared values 
to fruition. The creation and operation of insti- 
tutions as they affect social and economic 

ECB/MNB 370 Industry, Labor and 

Examine various models of firm behavior in 
various industrial organization structures 
(competition, monopoly, oligopoly, conglomer- 
ate), both foreign and domestic. Prerequisite: 

ECB 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles of 
the state, justice in the behavior of the state. 
Models of voting behavior through simulation. 
Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS or permission of in- 



ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 

Continuation of ECB 281S. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of indus- 
tries and firms using simple mathematical and 
geometric models; price and output adjust- 
ments. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. Required for 
all students majoring in economics. 

ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of ECB 282S. Determinants of 
aggregate demand and supply, using dynamic 
and static models of analysis. How to use an 
understanding of e conomic analysis to achieve 
policy objectives and understand trade-offs. 
Prerequisites: ECB 282S and BEB 160M. 

ECB/MNB 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues sur- 
rounding regulation of marine resource use. 
The role of e conomic theory in development of 
marine resource policy. Prerequisites: ECB 
281S or ECB 282S, and BEB 160M. 

ECB/MNB 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and 
statistics in business decision making. Opti- 
mization techniques under conditions of un- 
certainty. Selecting the "best" solutions to 
business problems. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS 
and BEB 160M. 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies 
compared to show how different institutional 
arrangements lead to different ways of making 
economic decisions. Soviet Union, Eastern 
European nations, People's Republic of China 
included. Prerequisite: ECB 281S or 282S. 

ECB/MNB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

History and development of monetary system 
and financial structure. Money creation and 
influence on macroeconomic activity. Monetary 
policy implications of regulatory agencies. 
Prerequisite: ECB 282S. 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

(Directed Study available in PEL only) 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, 
land use. Transportation, crime, housing, dis- 
crimination and segregation, and the urban 
financial crisis. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and 
political as well as economic aspects of devel- 
opment. Prerequisites: ECB 281S or 282S. 

ECB 389 Natural Resource and Environ- 
mental Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and eval- 
uating natural resource and environmental 
policy issues. Developing models for optimum 
resources use: land, water, energy, their devel- 
opment, allocation, pricing. Prerequisite: 
ECB 281S. 

ECB 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic 
ideas as developed and expounded by Western 
economists. The teachings of the mercantilists, 
physiocrats, Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, 
Mill, Marx, Marshall, German and American 
schools of thought. 

ECB 480 International Economics: Foreign 

Theory, operation, government policies, bal- 
ance of international payments, exchange-rate 
adjustments, interrelationship between macro- 
economy and international economy. Prereq- 
uisite: ECB 282S. 

ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, pro- 
tectionism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT 
talks, US-Japan-EEC trade issues, developing 
countries, solutions for international trade pro- 
blems. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 486 History of Economic Thought 

Economic ideas as developed and expounded 
by Western economists. The teachings of the 
mercantilists, physiocrats, Adam Smith, 
Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, Marshall, Ger- 
man and American schools of thought. Pre- 
requisite: ECB 28 IS or permission of instructor. 



ECB 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange- 
rate adjustments, nature of gains from trade, 
U.S. commercial policy. Prerequisites: ECB 
281S and 282S and permission of instructor. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

For description see Social Relations Per- 


Students must apply for admission to the 
Teacher Education program through the Di- 
rector of Teacher Education, who is respon- 
sible for all programs approved by the Florida 
State Department of Education. Students con- 
sidering teaching as a possible profession or 
education as a field of study should contact the 
Director of Teacher Education in the Crea- 
tive Arts Collegium prior to the Junior year 
(preferably in the spring of the Sophomore 
year), and request a copy of The Education 
Student Handbook. The handbook outlines 
all guidelines and requirements for teacher 
certification programs. 

The Florida legislature mandates entrance 
requirements for all Teacher Education pro- 
grams in the State. At Eckerd College we are 
highly selective, believing that only bright, 
creative and sensitive persons should enter 
the profession. To be eligible to apply to the 
Teacher Education program, students must 
have attained a minimum combined S.A.T. 
score of 1 ,000, and both verbal and mathemat- 
ics scores must exceed 450. Students must 
have earned a minimum grade point average of 
B or 2.8 on all college level work. A mathe- 
matics course is also required of all students. 

Elementary Education 

The elementary education major is designed 
for those students who plan to work within the 
public school setting. Students majoring in 
elementary education complete 15 general 
education courses, with not fewer than two 
courses and not more than four courses earned 
in each of the following areas: communication, 
human adjustment (four courses), biological 
or physical sciences, mathematics (one course), 
social sciences, humanities (two courses), and 
applied arts (two courses). The major also 

requires seven professional education courses 
and a comprehensive examination. Students 
are expected to study off campus in a culture 
other than their own. Students majoring in 
elementary education must meet all require- 
ments stated in The Education Student 

Secondary Education 

Eckerd College has approved programs for 
secondary education in art, music, biology, 
English, French, German, history, mathematics, 
political science, psychology, social studies 
and Spanish. The secondary certification pro- 
grams include completion of six courses in 
professional education and sufficient required 
courses to qualify for a major in the content 
area. For K-12 certification in art, music, and 
any foreign language the student must com- 
plete the aforementioned program and one 
course in Teaching and Learning: Theory and 
Practice. Students seeking secondary certifi- 
cation must meet all requirements stated in 
The Education Student Handbook. 

The courses in the education major are 
numbered sequentially, indicating that each 
builds on previous courses. In the Senior year, 
students complete a course in the fall (EDA 
421 Educational Psychology) which requires 
sophisticated integration of their research, 
thinking, speaking and writing skills. Although 
theoretical in its orientation, it also demands 
that students demonstrate their understanding 
of how research is applied in the classroom 
setting. The capstone Senior Seminar (EDA 
410 Issues, Involvement and Integration) and 
the internship which are completed in the 
spring semester of the Senior year provide the 
culminating experiences through which stu- 
dents demonstrate their readiness for teaching. 

The Teacher Education program is founded 
on two central and integrated beliefs: teachers 
must be liberally educated and they must 
commit themselves to lifelong learning. Stu- 
dents achieve breadth through completion of 
general education courses and through study 
abroad. They achieve depth through courses 
in the major which lead to an understanding of 
cognitive, psychological and social develop- 
ment and the teaching-learning process. Every 
course in the major includes a practicum in a 
public elementary school. Students who 
complete the program achieve competence in 
oral and written communication; observation, 



assessment and evaluation; research and 
critical thinking skills; and a repertoire of 
teaching strategies. They learn to appreciate 
and value uniqueness and diversity and can 
apply teaching strategies appropriate for dif- 
fering individuals and varied settings. 

EDA/HDA 202S Human Development: 
Culture and Identity 

Explores patterns of social and personality 
development. Students build connections 
between texts, lectures and their own develop- 

EDA 203 C Cultural Foundations of 

Educational theory and practice throughout 
the world as shaped by Confucius, Plato, 
Quintilian, Aquinas, Erasmus, Calvin, Ghandi, 
DuBois and Dewey. 

EDA/PSA 207 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, 
including participation, observation and analy- 
sis; investigation of roles of group members, 
transitional stages, leadership, and group func- 

EDA 324 Teaching and Learning: Theory 
and Practice 

Students demonstrate and apply understand- 
ing of learning theory to models of teaching 
and counseling. For those who will teach, 
counsel or minister to other persons, within an 
intellectual framework. Prerequisites: PSB 
101S or EDA 202S or permission of instructor. 

EDA 325 Teaching Reading and the 
Language Arts 

Examines learning styles and strategies in rela- 
tion to the content areas of reading and the 
language arts. Students plan and implement 
lessons in a public elementary school class- 
room. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher 
Education program. 

EDA 326 Elementary School Education 

Overview of elementary school education. 
Examines learning styles and strategies in rela- 
tion to the content areas of science and mathe- 
matics. Students plan and implement lessons 
in a public school classroom. Prerequisite: 
admission to the Teacher Education program. 

EDA 329A Master Teachers 

The lives of master teachers who have made a 
dramatic impact on human social behavior, 
identifying the variable in the life of each that 
produced excellence. Design a model for living 
a life of leadership and service and apply it to a 
local community leader. 

EDA 330C Comparative Education 

Cultural variations in formal and informal edu- 
cation. Focus on East Asia, Western Europe 
and the U.S. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

EDA 336A Frames of Mind: the Study of 
Multiple Intelligences 

Examine Howard Gardner's proposal that all 
persons are born with the potential to develop 
a multiplicity of intelligences, most of which 
are overlooked in testing. Nature of intelligence, 
credibility of testing, idea of giftedness. Meet- 
ings with gifted individuals. 

EDA 337 S Images of Schools in Film: 
Misfits, Miscreants and Martinets 

The current debate over school quality and 
reform through images of schools in films com- 
pared to scholarly critiques of schools. How 
metaphors for schools shape behavior and 

EDA 338A The Power of Stories 

Study of stories as personal myths through 
Robert Coles's The Call of Stories, Goethe's 
Faust I, Grass's The Tin Drum and other stories. 
Journal writing to clarify your own personal 
myth. Videos, songs, guest lecturers provide 
different perspectives on personal myth. 

EDA 410 Issues, Involvement, Integration 

Senior seminar for education majors. The arts, 
effects of media, dynamics of educational 
choice, social foundations, professional issues, 
reform, special populations, computer enhance- 
ment, theory and application of creativity, 
cultural diversity. Prerequisite: Senior stand- 
ing and simultaneous participation in internship. 


Environmental Perspective Courses 

EDA/PSA 421 Educational Psychology 

Surveys the psychological foundations of edu- 
cation and applies these to the classroom 
setting. Includes student-led seminars and 
presentations, and in-school observations. 
Required for teacher certification. Prerequisites: 
PSB 101S, EDA 202S orPSB 202, ED/PSA 

EDA 422/3/4 Professional Elementary 

Professional semester for elementary educa- 
tion interns; provides for practical experience 
in teaching at both the primary and interme- 
diate elementary school level. Taken simul- 
taneously with EDA 410. 

EDA 431 Secondary Education Methods 

Experience in theory and practice of instruc- 
tional methodologies. Pre -internship in public 
school assisting in instruction, tutoring small 
groups, teaching. Prerequisite: admission to 
Teacher Education program. 

EDA 435/6/7 Professional Secondary 

Nine weeks of full time student teaching pre- 
ceded by instruction in A-V materials, special 
methods of teaching, curriculum, school ad- 
ministration and recent innovations. Taken 
simultaneously with EDA 410. Prerequisites: 
admission to Teacher Education program, 
PSB 101S and EDA 431, EDA/PSA 421 and 
successful completion of comprehensives, 
senior project or thesis. 

See also Comparative Educational Studies. 


Students who wish to pursue a dual-degree 
program should consult with Prof e ssor E dmund 
Gallizzi as early as possible in their academic 

For description see page 12. 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
enhance knowledge of the physical and bio- 
logical world, to help the student make in- 
formed value judgments concerning the en- 
vironmental consequences of personal and 
social actions. 

BIN 12 IE General Biology 

For description see Biology. 

CHN 10 IE Chemistry and the 

For description see Chemistry. 

HDA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
and Holistic Health 

For description see Human Development. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature. 

LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The 
Ascent of Man amplified by lectures, demon- 
strations, laboratory work, discussions, re- 
search and supplementary reading. 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

The 17th century Scientific Revolution as a 
redirection of Western society from theo- 
centrism to scientific secularism. Copernicus, 
Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, 

MSN 119E Introduction to Oceanography 
MSN 207E Introduction to Geology 
MSN 208E Environmental Geology 
MSN 308E Introduction to Meteorology 

For descriptions see Marine Science. 

NAN 244E Energy and Environment 

Options available to societies in producing 
energy, the consequences of each choice, and 
the different sets of values implicit in the 


Environmental Studies 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry 
and Society 

Issues such as air and water pollution, pesti- 
cides, residues and nuclear energy. Social, 
economic and legal considerations. Minimal 
scientific background expected. 

NAN 282E The Long Journey 

Evolutionary history of the universe, forma- 
tion of elements, galaxies, stars and planets, 
chemical evolution leading to life and biologi- 
cal evolution culminating in consciousness as 
expressed in the imagination and intellect of 
humans. Sophomores or above. 

NAN/LTL 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

For description see LTL/NAN 283E above. 

NAN 382E The Oceans and Man 

Introduction to oceanography; sea water, 
waves, tides, currents, weather, etc. Current 
issues in fisheries, mariculture, oil and mineral 
development, coastal use. Influence of the seas 
on the development of civilization. Sopho- 
mores or above. 

NAN 383E Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 

Human involvement with environments past, 
present and future; inter-relationships between 
organisms and environments and their impact 
on humans; ethical ways of dealing with these 
issues. Field trips. Sophomores or above. 

NAN 384E The Human Body as an 

Techniques for maintaining a healthy body; 
human anatomy, physiology, nutrition, exercise, 
ways to monitor health; reaction to alcohol, 
drugs, and stress. 

NAN 385E Genetics: A Human Perspective 

Basic genetics, emphasizing human applications 
and aspects of genetic engineering, incorpor- 
ating value and ethical questions. Prerequisite: 
high school biology and chemistry; Sopho- 
mores or above. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

For description see Philosophy. 

REC 386E The Human Environment: 
Religious and Ethical Perspectives 

For description see Religious Studies. 
See also Knight Reading Seminars. 
See also Sea Semester 


A student may plan an interdisciplinary con- 
centration in environmental studies which will 
fit individual needs under the guidance and 
approval of a faculty supervisory committee. 
Several particular areas of study are 
especially pertinent to environmental studies. 
These include but are not limited to: Inver- 
tebrate Zoology, Botany, Ecology, General 
Chemistry I and II, Statistics, economics and 
political science. Students will ordinarily be 
expected to do a Senior thesis concerning some 
aspect of the local environment. Additional 
supporting courses in the natural and/or be- 
havioral sciences will be recommended de- 
pending upon the specific direction a student 
wishes to take. 

The following courses are required: 

CHN 121/2 General Chemistry I and II 
An entry level biology course 
BEB 160M or MAN 133 Statistics 
ECB 281S Principles of Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 
MSN 208E Environmental Geology 
ECB/MNB 383 Marine Resource Policy 
ECB 389 Natural Resource and Environ- 
mental Economics 
BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

Two of the following: POL 202 Public Policy 
Making in America, POL 305 Political 
Parties and Interest Groups, POB 32 1C 
Comparative European Politics. 

One of the following: LI A 328E Literature 
and Ecology, PLL 213E Environmental 
Ethics, or RE C 386E The Human Environ- 
ment: Religious and Ethical Perspectives. 

PHN 209E Our Environment: The Universe 

For description see Physics. 




FIH 301P The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellec- 
tual heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic 
disciplines, sources of creativity, social and 
cultural factors, key individuals. Variety of 
learning methods. Prerequisite: Junior standing 
and selection as a Ford Scholar. Fulfills one 
perspective requirement. 

FIH 302P The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries and culminating in a 
major project that draws on students' know- 
ledge of history to address a significant intel- 
lectual problem of the future. Prerequisite: 
FIH 301 and selection as a Ford Scholar. Ful- 
fills one perspective requirement. 

FSS 410 Ford Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice 
Scholars program. Shared reflections on issues 
pertaining to research, teaching, and other 
aspects of teaching as a career. Participation 
both fall and spring semesters for a total of one 
course credit. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Women's and Gender Studies. 


GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

Concepts, theories and substantive material 
of modern geography. Relationship between 
material environment and human cultural 

GEC 350 (Directed Study) World 
Regional Geography 

Relationship of human activities to natural 
environment on world-wide basis. Soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetation, minerals and the 
cultural systems of different areas of the 


For description see Marine Science. 


See Modern Languages. 


Students majoring in history take ten courses, 
one of which may be a winter term project, 
including three in American and three in 
European history. Students are strongly en- 
couraged to take one course in world history or 
a non-Western history course (one may be a 
winter term project), and HIL 400. Students 
interested in history begin with a survey course 
in American or European history, if they have 
not received AP credit for these fields. An 
introductory course in world history is also 
appropriate. Junior and Senior level courses 
in history build on the foundation of the survey 
courses, and may be taken only with the ap- 
propriate prerequisites, or permission of the 

Students majoring in history are expected to 
be familiar with the fields of American and 
European history and have awareness of world 
history. Students who complete this major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

- knowledge of American and European his- 
tory demonstrated by the ability to talk and 
write intelligently about these fields. 

- ability to think historically with regard to 
issues such as causation, cultural diffusion, 
the role of the individual in history, geo- 
graphic and demographic influences in 
history, and gender and minority issues in 
the past, citing examples from both the 
Western tradition and the wider global 

- awareness of the historical method and 
historiography generally, and knowledge of 
the historiography of at least one field with 
some thoroughness. 

- ability to locate bibiographical information 
on historical topics, and to engage in scholar- 
ly writing such as book and film reviews, 
annotated bibliographies, and historical and 
historiographical essays. 

- ability to do historical research based on 
primary source material. 



A minor in history consists of six history 
courses, two in American, two in European, 
and one in global or non- We stern history, and 
HIL 400. At least four of the courses must be 
at the 300 level or above. 

HIL 203 C Europe in Transition: 

Medieval roots of modern Europe, Renais- 
sance, Reformation, economic and geographic 
expansion, scientific revolution, Enlighten- 
ment, French and Industrial Revolutions. 

HIL 204C The Foundations of 
Contemporary Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Nationalism and liberalism, industrial revolu- 
tion, imperialism, World War I and its con- 
sequences, Russian Revolution, depression, 
rise of dictatorships. Intellectual develop- 
ments of the period. 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 
History (Directed Study available) 

History of student's own family in context of 
American history. Research in family records, 
interviews with family members, background 
reading in recent American social history. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 

Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture , the American Revolution, develop- 
ment of a democratic society, slavery, Civil 
War, Reconstruction. Various interpretations 
of the American experience. 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 

Transformation from an agrarian to an indus- 
trial nation. Industrial Revolution, urbaniza- 
tion, rise to world power, capitalism, New Deal, 
world wars, cold war, recent developments. 
Social, cultural, political and economic em- 

HIC 23 IS Revolutions in the Modern 

Revolution as an idiographic phenomenon 
with examination of the French and Russian 
Revolutions; revolutionary leadership with 
emphasis on Mao Tse-Tung's role in Chinese 
revolution. Revolution as a comparative study. 
Offered in alternate years. 

HIC 232C World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of 
major Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with 
emphasis on the evolution of the "Great Tra- 
ditions," cultural diffusion, interaction of cul- 

HIC 233C Global History in the Modern 

History of the world since 1500 with emphasis 
on the interaction of Western ideas and institu- 
tions with the rest of the world. Contributions 
of geography, demography and biography to 
understanding the world today. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeaniza- 
tion initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age 
of Russian culture, revolutionary culture, So- 
viet attitudes toward culture. Permission of 
instructor required for Freshmen. Offered in 
alternate years. 

HIL 253 (Directed Study) United States 

Colonial foundations, American Revolution, 
19th century democracy, slavery, Recon- 
struction, Industrial Revolution, New Deal. 
Social, economic and political developments 
shaping contemporary American society. 

HIC 264C The History of the Two St. 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida, which 
celebrated its centennial in 1988, and the 
Russian St. Petersburg. 

HIL 30 1C Columbus and the American 

History and consequences of Columbus's 
voyages to America. European and American 
civilizations on the eve of the age of discovery, 
life and voyages of Columbus, encounter be- 
tween European and indigenous American cul- 
tures, long-range consequences of European 
conquest of the Western Hemisphere. 



HIL/I 310 (Directed Study) History of 
England to 1688 

History of England from Roman occupation to 
George I, and it's significance for Americans. 
Norman Conquest, federalism, growth of com- 
mon law, Parliament, Tudor revolution, Angli- 
can Reformation, 17th century revolutions, 
and triumph of parliamentary oligarchy. 

HIL/I 311 (Directed Study) History of 
Modern Britain Since 1688 

Modern Britain from George I to present. 
Industrial Revolution, empire, cabinet system 
of government, transformation from agrarian 
to industrial, welfare state, loss of imperial 
power. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

HIL/I 312 (Directed Study) History of 

Urban history of London as the first truly 
modern city. Visit historical sites, museums, 
libraries. Exposure to one of world's great 
cultural, financial and political centers. Pre- 
requisite: HIL 310 or permission of instructor. 

HIL 321 Women in Modern America: the 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

Feminist theory, growth of women's move- 
ments, minority women, working women, 
changes in women's health, birth control, 
images of women in literature and film. 
Changes in women's position in America. 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, inter- 
nationalism, isolationism, pacifism, collective 
security, "New Left" anti-imperialism. Recent 
controversies over Cold War. 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 

History of American women and the family, 
images of women in popular culture and liter- 
ature, impact of the Great Depression and 
World War II on the family. 

HIC/L 331-332 Special Topics in History 

In addition to opportunities for independent 
study and research, faculty will occasionally 
offer special topics courses. 

HIL 334 African-American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from 
the Colonial period to the Reconstruction. 
Participation in American Revolution, rise of 
Cotton Kingdom, development of distinct cul- 
ture, Civil War and Reconstruction. 

HIL 335 African-American History II 

African- American history from Reconstruction 
to the present. Developments in education, 
racism, participation in military, socioeco- 
nomic development, Civil Rights movement 
and legislation. 

HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement: 

Black participation in World War II, the effects 
of the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HIL 337 The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and con- 
tributed to disunion, such as the Southern 
Carolina Nullification Crisis, the Compromise 
of 1850, and John Brown's raid. Impact of the 
war on both North and South. PBS video on 
Civil War is used. 

HIC 342 The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzan- 
tium, Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, 
Poles and Swedes, influence of the West. 

HIC 343 Modern Russia and the Soviet 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, conti- 
nuity and change in Russian and Soviet history, 
and the former Soviet Union as a totalitarian 
society and world power. 

HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

American culture, thought and social institu- 
tions to 1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th 
century democracy, slavery, racism. Prereq- 
uisite: previous college level work in American 
history is assumed. 



HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

American culture, thought and social institu- 
tions from 1865 to present: Darwinism, indus- 
trialism, Progressive Movement, liberal de- 
mocracy in the 20th century. Prerequisite: 
previous college work in American history is 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of Our Times (Directed 
Study available) 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history 
since World War II. Transformation of Amer- 
ican society since 1945 and the new position of 
the U.S. in world affairs. 

HIL 348 The New Deal 

America during the 1930's; impact of the 
depression on American life, and contributions 
of the New Deal. Not open to Freshmen. Pre- 
requisite: at least one course in American 
history, political science, or a related field. 

HIL 351 (Directed Study) The Industrial 
Revolution in America 

Industrial, economic and social change which 
produced a transformation of American so- 
ciety, and the reaction of Americans to these 
changes. Prerequisite: some previous work in 
American history. 

HIL 352 (Directed Study) The 
Progressive Movement 

One of the great movements for reform in 
American history: Progressivism as political 
movement, presidential leadership, reform of 
society, intellectual development. Prerequi- 
site: previous work in American history or 
political science. 

HIL 361 Modern France: 1815 to Present 

Political, social, economic and intellectual 
development of France from the revolution to 
the fall of DeGaulle's government. Prerequisite: 
Junior standing and familiarity with European 

HIL 363 The Renaissance 

Intellectual, cultural, political and economic 
conditions which interacted to create the 
Renaissance, and its transmission to northern 
Europe. Prerequisite: HIL 203C or permission 
of instructor. 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Reformation theology in its political and insti- 
tutional context. Theology and structure of 
each branch of the Reformation, and the politi- 
cal contexts of the various movements. Pre- 
requisite: HIL 203C or permission of instructor. 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's 

Methodology and approach of women's history. 
Topics vary by semester, but include such 
subjects as women in the Christian tradition, 
and women and war in the 20th Century. Pre- 
requisite: one of either HIL 203C, 204C, 232C, 
23 3 C, or permission of instructor. 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Social, political and intellectual developments 
of 18th century France as manifested in the 
people and events of Paris. Students may pur- 
sue topics in their own discipline. Prerequisite: 
HIL 203 C or permission of instructor. 

HIL 369C The French Revolution 

Students who are not primarily students of 
history can learn the history and values of 
France before and during the Revolution. 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

Survey of economic, social and political patterns 
from 19th century independence to present, 
with continuities in trade, labor, leadership 
and social order reflecting Latin America's 
colonial heritage, and its contemporary role in 
the global economy. 

HIC 380C Traditional Japan: A Cultural 

Study cultural patterns and values in pre- 
modern Japan to understand present-day 
Japanese society. A follow-up course to East 
Asian Studies for those desiring more detailed 
study of Japan. 


Human Development 

HIC 389 History of Eastern Europe 

Sixteenth century to present with emphasis on 
influence of Germans and Russians. Geography, 
linquistics, religion, nationalism and political 
realities. Prerequisite: at least one course in 
European or Russian history, or permission of 

HIL 400 Towards a New Past: Making 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the 
field. Historians whose interpretations have 
had a major impact on their fields. Required 
for history majors. 

AML 306 S American Myths, American 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

For description see American Studies. 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

CUC 283C Russian Area Studies 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Per- 


For description see page 18. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage (Freshman year) 
For description see Western Heritage. 

Perspective Courses (Sophomore and Junior 

Two perspectives courses are designated each 
year as Honors Perspectives. Please consult 
the course schedule. 

Honors students are required to take at least 
two perspective courses and are excused from 
the collegial distribution requirement to give 
them flexibility and to avoid scheduling dif- 

SSH 410 Honors Colloquium (Senior year) 

A student directed seminar focusing on both 
common curriculum experiences and specific 
policy and values issues related to the students' 
individual disciplines. A two semester course 
for one course credit. 

Students taking the Senior Honors Colloquium 
also take the Senior Seminar in their collegium 
or discipline. 


An interdisciplinary major integrating aspects 
of psychology, education, sociology, ethics, 
and anthropology. Within the context of a 
strong liberal arts foundation, students study 
the process of human growth and change. 
Focus is on an enhanced understanding of the 
self and others, the facilitation of change in 
individuals, groups, and organizations, and 
the development of optimal potential as human 
beings throughout the lifespan. 

The core courses in the major include the 
following which are listed in the order in which 
they should be taken. All courses require a 
grade of C or better to qualify for graduation in 
the major. 

1. Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Introduction to Clinical and Counseling 
Psychology or 

Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

4. Group Dynamics 

5. Psychology of Consciousness 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Internship in Human Development 
10. Senior Seminar: Self-Esteem 

The extensive 210-hour internship and a 
minimum of five (5) other courses are required 
in the emphasis area of the student's choice. 
Students may choose an area of emphasis in 
mental health, leisure services, wellness and 
holistic health, youth services, early childhood, 
or social work. Only in special cases may the 
student in conjunction with a Mentor design 
an alternative area. 

As a result of a major in human development, 
students are expected to possess: 

— knowledge of the key stages, major psycho- 
logical, sociological, and educational prin- 
ciples associated with human development, 
the fundamental theories of counseling and 


Human Development 

maximizing human development, and di- 
verse value systems and multicultural per- 
spectives encountered in the field. 

— skills in social science analysis and research 
methodology, effective communication and 
interpersonal relationship dynamics. 

— understanding and application of the stated 
ethical principles of the counseling and 
human development professions, and the 
role of self and personal values in helping 

— a personal strategy of helping based on all 
of the above. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses 
and Senior comprehensive examination. 

To minor in human development a student 
must complete Introduction to Human Devel- 
opment, Introduction to Clinical and Counsel- 
ing Psychology or Counseling Strategies: 
Theory and Practice, and three of the following: 
Social Ecology and Mental Health, Ethical 
Issues in Human Development, Psychology of 
Consciousness, or Group Dynamics. 

HDA 101 Introduction to Human 

Overview of the helping professions; study of 
life stages with accompanying needs, crises, 
passages; community family support systems; 
relationships between personal values and life 
problems. Field trips. 

HDA/EDA 202A Human Development: 
Culture and Identity 

For description see Education 

HDA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Changes, events and circumstances of the per- 
iod between childhood and adulthood. Social 
learning theory, going beyond and beneath 
stereotypes and impersonal perspectives. 
Prerequisite: PSB 101S or HDA 101 or per- 
mission of instructor. Not offered on a regular 

HDA 204 Socialization: 
A Study of Gender Issues 

Socializing processes affecting men and wo- 
men; social roles and their origins, sexual dif- 
ferences, effects on mental health and unifying 
aspects of masculine/feminine nature; influ- 
ence of culture, understanding socialization 
processes. Recommended: HDA 101 or PSB 
lOlSorSLB 101S. 

HDA 205 Theory and Practice in Student 

Theoretical and philosophical foundations of 
post-secondary student affairs profession, 
functional units, organizational approaches, 
current issues, necessary skills. 

HDA/PSA 206 Introduction to Clinical 
and Counseling Psychology 

For description see Psychology. 

HDA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
and Holistic Health 
(Directed Study available) 

Attaining and maintaining health through nu- 
trition, physical fitness, weight control, stress 
management, substance use, personal intimacy, 
emotional and spiritual well-being. 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 
Systems (Directed Study available) 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, 
Scapegoat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their con- 
tinued effect on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, 
benefits/losses of specific roles. Compare 
healthy and dysfunctional families. Prerequi- 
site: HDA 101 or PSB 10 IS with a grade of C 
or better or permission of instructor. 

HDA 225 Introduction to Social 

Introduction to profession, practice, history 
and value bases of social work. General systems 
framework utilized. Current professional 
trends in the local community, newspaper 
reading and guest lecturers. Prerequisite: 
HDA 101. 


Human Development 

HDA 269S Leisure and Lifestyle 

Analysis of leisure theories, concepts and 
principles and the identification of psycho- 
logical, sociological, and economic trends that 
influence leisure behavior. Students develop 
personal leisure awareness and philosophy. 

HDA 271 Leadership and Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for structured groups in health, 
mental health, leisure, education, and other 
settings to meet needs and interests of dif- 
ferent populations. Prerequisite: HDA 101, 
PSA/EDA 207. 

HDA/PSA 302 Gestalt Theory and 

For description see Psychology. 

HDA 305 Human Diversity: Overcoming 

Characteristics, needs and intervention impli- 
cations for handicapped populations. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB101S.SLB101S or HDA lOl.Not 
offered yearly. 

HDA/PSA 309 Abnormal Psychology 

For description see Psychology. 

HDA 310 Activity as Therapy 

Activity therapy in hospitals, agencies, nursing 
homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HDA/PSA 206 or 
HDA 325. Not offered yearly. 

HDA 321 Practicum in Leadership and 


(Directed Study available) 

Supervised leadership and programming ex- 
perience. Class discussions and problem solv- 
ing. Minimum 96 hours of field work. Pre- 
requisite: HDA 101 and 271, permission of 
instructor and Junior or Senior standing. 

HDA 322 Fundamentals of Alcoholism 

Theories of addiction, techniques of treatment, 
individual and group counseling, specific pop- 
ulations, family therapy, evaluation of progress. 
Role playing, post-session critiques, field trips. 
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing, C or 
better in HDA/PSA 206, or HDA 325 and 
instructor's permission. 

HDA 323 Psychodrama 

Role training exercises in therapeutic psycho- 
drama, use of sociometry as a tool, techniques 
and ethical considerations. Prerequisite: Junior 
or Senior standing, C or better in HDA/PSA 
206 or HDA 325, and/or instructor's per- 

HDA 324 Play Therapy for Children 

Theory, selection of children, rationale of toy 
selection, the therapy hour and process, theory 
and practice of limits. Qualifications, research, 
special problems for the child therapist. Role 
playing, post-session critiques, field trips must 
be attended. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

HDA 325 Counseling Strategies: 
Theory and Practice 

Review of schools of thought on systems of 
counseling and personal growth. For students 
planning to use counseling related skills in 
their careers. Prerequisite: HDA 101 or PSA 
10 IS or permission of instructor. 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 
(Directed Study available) 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health — in- 
volving social, physical, emotional, spiritual, 
mental and vocational aspects. Theory, re- 
search, alternative health care, counseling 
procedures. Prerequisites: HDA 101, HDA 
208E, HDA/PSA 206 or HDA 325 or per- 
mission of instructor. Generally offered alter- 
nate years. 

HDA 327 Social Ecology and Mental 

Theory, practice, development and evaluation 
of community mental health systems. Survey 
of local programs; overview of prevention and 
early intervention strategies; practice in de- 
signing programs for the Eckerd College com- 
munity. Prerequisites: PSB 101S or HDA 101, 
and BEB 160M. 



HDA 372 Leisure Counseling: Facilitating 
Leisure Experience 

Overview of leisure counseling and education 
leisure. Philosophical issues, historical per- 
spectives, significance of leisure counseling in 
contemporary society, implementation of ser- 
vice. Prerequisites: HDA 101, HD A/PSA 206 
or HDA 325, and HDA 269S. Not offered 

HDA/PSA 405 Practicum in Group 

Theory, process and clinical applications of 
group counseling. Use of group techniques 
with different populations and settings. Video- 
taped and role played group sessions. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB 101S or HDA 101, HDA/PSA 
206 or HDA 325 and EDA/PSA 207 with a 
grade of C or better. 

HDA 386 S Ethical Issues in Human 

What makes professionals ethical or unethical? 
Relationships between ethics and personal 
and societal values explored; in-depth look at 
helping professions such as counseling, law, 
health and medicine, ministry; making ethical 

CRA 387 S Jung, Myth and Lifestyles 

For description see Social Relations 
Perspective Courses. 

HDA 401 Internship in Human 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site 
hours of off-campus placements, such as 
centers for drug abuse, delinquency, women's 
services, mental health. Prerequisite: Senior 
standing and permission of instructor. 

HDA/PSA 403 Practicum in Peer 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing 
individual problems and strengths. Role played 
and videotaped counseling sessions, super- 
vised counseling experience appropriate to 
student's level. Prerequisites: PSB 10 IS or 
HDA 101, HDA/PSA 206 or HDA 325 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

HDA 404 Leadership and Administrative 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human 
service organizations, administrative tools 
and techniques, facilitating the change pro- 
cess, value tensions and coping with strategies. 
Junior or Senior standing or permission of 

HDA 410 Self-Esteem 

The Senior seminar for human development 
majors. Relationship of self-esteem to social 
and personal failures, such as crime, substance 
abuse, welfare dependency, dropouts, etc. 
Ways to develop self-esteem and the place of 
values and ethics in this process. Field trips, 
guest speakers, projects, personal growth. 

See also Psychology. 

This interdisciplinary major coordinated by 
the Letters Collegium is a flexible way to study 
enduring human issues, since it is designed by 
a student and Mentor around a central focus 
(e.g., historical period, geographical area, cul- 
tural/intellectual movement) and a methodol- 
ogy provided by five courses from one core 
discipline (art, foreign language, history, litera- 
ture, music, philosophy, political science, reli- 
gion, sociology, theatre) and five other com- 
plementary courses. At least five courses must 
be beyond the introductory level. Humanities 
students will be encouraged to participate 
together in selected integrative humanities 
courses. A guiding committee of three faculty 
from disciplines in the student's program will 
be selected by the Junior year, that will design 
and evaluate the Senior comprehensive exam, 
or may invite the student to write a Senior 


International Business 


The international business major is designed 
to provide students with a variety of profi- 
ciencies and experiences related to career 
opportunities and/or preparation for graduate 
work. Requirements for the major are: 

Five courses in one language with demon- 
strated conversational skills, or the equivalent 
with a minimum average of 2.0. 

Foreign Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology with a C or better, 
one cultural area course, and two courses to be 
chosen from a list of internationally focused 
economics and /or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macro- 
economics, Principles of Marketing, The Man- 
agerial Enterprise, Finance, the latter three 
courses with a C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International 
Business, International Marketing, Interna- 
tional Finance and Banking, and the compre- 
hensive examination, all with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, College Algebra, Cal- 
culus I or Introduction to Computer Science. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester 
abroad within an appropriate International 
Education program, or an individualized study 
under the direction of a member of the faculty 
committee. International students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology 

Cultural Area course 

Mathematics requirement 

Cultural Environment of International 


Sophomores and Juniors 

Foreign experience 




Managerial Enterprise 

International politics and/or economics 


International Finance and Banking 

International Marketing 

Senior Comprehensive Examination 

The competencies achieved in the major are: 

— knowledge of international business fields 
within a multidisciplinary perspective, in- 
cluding anthropology, management, foreign 
language, foreign experience, economics, 
political science, culture area, marketing, 
accounting and finance. 

— cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on cross- 
cultural issues in business and community 

— preparation for careers in international 

— preparation for graduate degree programs 
in the field of international business and 
related multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for a minor include successful 
completion of ANC 201S, IBC 385, IBC 485, 
IBC 486, and an overseas winter term or other 
program in a foreign country. 

IBC/ANC/MNB 260 The Cultural 
Environment of International Business 

IBC/ANC/MNB 261 International 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in World Trade 

Senior seminar for international business 
majors. Study moral issues and ethical pro- 
blems to understand complexities, interplay 
of values, law and ethics as they effect inter- 
national business praxis. 

IBC/MNB 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution 
and business logistics systems, world-wide 
promotion programs, international market 
and marketing research. Prerequisite: MNB 

IBC/MNB 486 International Finance and 

International banking system, foreign exchange 
risk management, long run investment deci- 
sions, financing decisions, working capital 
management, international accounting, tax 
planning. Prerequisite: ECB 282S, and MNB 
377 or 378. 


International Education 

IBC 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Comprehensive offered during winter term. 



AM 321 A British Painting 1760 - 1960 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner stud- 
ied in depth. Collections of George III, Sir 
John Soane, Duke of Wellington and other 
connoisseurs of the period discussed. Visits to 
museums and galleries. 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) A History of 
English Architecture 

For the London semester student, an intro- 
duction to the history of English architecture, 
from Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No 
prerequisites, but some contact with art or art 
history is recommended. 

HII 310 (Directed Study) History of 
England to 1688 

HII 311 (Directed Study) History of 
Modern Britain Since 1688 

HII 312 (Directed Study) History of 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 350 (Directed Study) The Maritime 
Heritage of England 

The influence of the sea on the English nation, 
its contribution to economic development and 
the values of its people, through readings and 
visits to museums and historic sites. 

INI 389C British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. 
The historical, institutional and contemporary 
issues of Britain, with particular attention to 
London. Visiting experts in various fields, 
excursions and readings help students develop 
understanding of Britain today. 

The British Seminar is valid as a Cross-Cultural 
Perspective course in Comparative Cultures, 
Creative Arts and Letters. It is not valid as a 
Cross-Cultural Perspective course in Behav- 
ioral or Natural Sciences. 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

Major issues in contemporary British politics: 
the changing setting, need for institutional 
reform, mark of Thatcherism. British develop- 
ments and decisions in the context of domestic 
constraints and imperatives. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an exam- 
ination of the institutions which shape their 
lives. Prerequisite: PSB 202 or a course in 
child development and consent of the in- 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours 
and guest lectures, covering drama from clas- 
sical to modern. For students with a general 
interest in theatre, of whatever major. 


ITI 1/2/3/401/2 Italian Language 

A requirement while studying in the Florence 
program. Classes at Europass Centra Studi 
Europeo, Florence. 

ARI 2/324 Etching 

Intaglio, aquatint, soft ground, sugar life, relief 
printing, air brush ground, dry-point, engrav- 
ing. Prerequisite: proficiency in drawing and 

ARI 2/325 Oil Painting 

Old masters and modern oil painting techni- 
ques through the study of great artists' work, 
and of free compositions. Learn to use the 
medium and develop a personal style. 

ARI 2/326 Watercolor 

Pigments, brushes, papers, washes, overlay, 
form, chiaroscuro, techniques. 

ARI 2/344 Drawing 

Line, modeling, chiaroscuro, perspective, com- 
position. Both drawing and watercolor not 
required; however drawing in preparation for 
painting expected. 


International Studies 

INI 379C Florence Seminar 

The history and culture of Italy, visiting art 
and history museums and other points of inter- 
est in Florence and vicinity. Required of all 
students in the Florence program. 

Directed Studies offered to Florence stu- 
dents only. 

ARI 300 Florence: An Architectural His- 
tory of the City 

The historical developments of 2,000 years 
which shaped the image of Florence, and major 
developments in Western architecture as they 
were originated and interpreted by the Floren- 
tine creative spirit. 

LLI 300 Florentine Literature 

Specific assignments on the greatest Florentine 
writers: Dante, Boccaccio, Petrarch, Machia- 
velli, Cellini and others, and places in Florence 
associated with them. 


Eckerd College cooperates with several insti- 
tutions to provide students with opportunities 
in other overseas locations. In all cases, courses 
are chosen at the time of registration at the 
host university. 


Full year exchange with ISEP or CIEE (see 
below). Semester or year in Aix-en-Provence 
or Avignon in cooperation with the Institute 
for American Universities. Prerequisite: two 
years minimum of college French. 


Semester abroad in Freiburg, in cooperation 
with Stetson University or with ISEP or CIEE. 
Prerequisite: two years of college German. 
Language and humanities. 


Full-year exchange opportunities at Kansai 
Gaidai (Osaka) or Nanzan University (Nagoya). 
Full range of courses. Classes in English. 
Japanese recommended prior to exchange. 


Semester or full-year at Ewha Woman's Uni- 
versity (Seoul). Wide range of courses. Classes 
in English. 


Semester abroad in Madrid, in cooperation 
with Stetson University. Prerequisite: two 
years of college Spanish. Language, humanities. 
Year program available through ISEP or CIEE. 

ISEP (International Student Exchange 

CIEE (Council on International Educa- 
tional Exchange) 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester 
or year at one of over 100 locations throughout 
the world. Students enroll in universities 
abroad. Fees are paid to Eckerd College, and 
all scholarships, loans and grants apply as if on 

Information on all of the above is available 
from the International Education and Off- 
Campus Study office, Sheila Johnston, Director. 


An interdisciplinary major in international 
studies should form a consistent pattern of 
courses that focus on one foreign nation or 
cultural area of the world, or on a global topic 
involving nations from different parts of the 
world. The major includes language study, 
courses in the same cultural area of the world, 
courses in a particular discipline, and study 
abroad for a year or semester. 

Students majoring in international studies are 
guided by a three member committee, includ- 
ing one faculty member from the core discipline, 
and two other faculty members with whom the 
student has worked in the major. 

The major consists of a minimum often courses, 
with at least five from one of the core dis- 
ciplines - economics, political science, history, 
or anthropology - and at least six courses 
beyond the introductory level. Courses taken 
in the core discipline must comply with the 
sequencing requirements of that discipline. 
Included in the ten courses must be Intro- 
duction to International Relations or Introduc- 
tion to Comparative Politics, Introduction to 
Anthropology, and at least three courses re- 
lated to the chosen geographic area. Students 


Knight Reading Seminars 

are also required to complete at least two years 
of college level foreign language study plus 
one year abroad in a country related to the 
chosen language, geographic or cultural area; 
or two and a half years of college level foreign 
language study and one semester in the related 

Serving as a Resident Adviser in an intern- 
ational residence house or as an intern with the 
ELS Language Center is also advised. 

International students should confer with the 
major faculty, as there are special requirements 
more suited to them. 

Students majoring in international studies 
begin with two required courses: Introduction 
to Anthropology, and Introduction to Inter- 
national Relations or Introduction to Com- 
parative Politics. They also begin their study 
of a foreign language immediately since they 
are required to complete at least two years of 
college level foreign language plus one year 
abroad in a country related to the language, or 
two and a half years of college level foreign 
language and one semester in the related 
country. Students also take at least five courses 
from one core discipline — anthropology, 
economics, history, or political science — which 
must comply with the sequencing requirements 
or the specified requirements of the discipline, 
and they take at least three courses in a cultural 
area of the world related to their foreign lang- 
uage study. At least six of the ten required 
courses must be beyond the introductory level. 

Students who complete the international stud- 
ies major demonstrate the following com- 

— acquaintance with one modern foreign 
language, including an understanding of its 
grammatical structure, acquisition of basic 
vocabulary, and oral expression. 

— knowledge of the social, political, and cul- 
tural structures of one particular country or 
area of the world. 

— understanding of the disciplinary perspec- 
tive of one chosen discipline. 

— ability to write, think, and speak effectively 
in communicating the interrelatedness of 
peoples and cultures. 


See Modern Languages. 


See International Education. 


See Modern Languages. 


JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives 
on Contemporary Issues (Directed Study 
available by petition only for Seniors) 

Team-taught interdisciplinary capstone Senior 
seminar examines the values and perspectives 
of the Judaeo-Christian tradition applied to 
contemporary issues. Required for all Seniors. 


The following courses fulfill any of the four 
perspective requirements, but do not relieve 
the student of the requirement that the four 
perspective courses be taken in four different 

KSA 20 IP Models, Myths and Music 

Are transformation, conflict and status qup 
the phenomena which underlie all myths, 
models of the universe, and musical forms? 
Address this question, focusing on primary 
texts in natural science, literature and music. 

KSB 20 IP Power, Authority and Virtue 

Government and society depend on what 
people believe. Examine the relationship be- 
tween virtue, power, and authority through 
study of some of the great philosophical texts 
which have informed this inquiry in modern 

KSB 202P Sociology of Knowledge 

Society constructs its own views of reality. 
Individuals unquestioningly accept definitions 
of reality offered by the culture, and also con- 
tribute to the modifications of these definitions. 
Socratic method, dialectical method, meta- 
physics/dialectical materialism, revisions. 



KSL 201P The Ancient Tradition I: 
Homer to Plato 

Classical Greek paideia (culture/education) 
through great texts of the era, to see what can 
be learned from them about the things that 
matter most of all today. Hesiod, Aeschylus, 
Euripides, Hippocrates, Thucydides, Plato, 

KSL 202P The Ancient Tradition II: 
Empires and Ethics 

Great literary, historical, scientific and philo- 
sophical texts of later classical and Hellenistic 
Greece to the late Roman Empire, studied for 
insights and understanding about things that 
matter today. 

KSL 203P Search for a Transcendent 

Examination of selected Western texts touching 
on religious themes, from the Biblical era to 
the Reformation, with a focus on their under- 
standing of the transcendent and its implica- 
tions for the way individuals and societies order 
and direct themselves. 

KSL 204P Ethics: Human Development 
and the Good Life 

The nature of and prerequisites for the good 
life. Analysis of duties, rights, opportunities, 
human nature, social organization, comparing 
ancient times with the present. Aristotle, 
Shakespeare, Kant, Mill, Marx and others. 

KSL 205P Plato and Aristotle's Science 

Analyze how Plato and Aristotle's physical 
science criticized and developed pre-Socratic 
sciences, and the negative and positive con- 
tributions they made to medieval and modern 
science, including interrelationship between 
science, politics and religion. 

KSL 206P Truth and Narrative 

The relationship of truth to the medium of 
narrative. Criteria forjudging truth in scientific, 
historiographic, religious or literary narratives. 
Practice in intellectual discussion, reasoned 
argumentation, clear writing. 

KSN 20 IP Models of Reasoning: 
the Rationalist/Empiricist Conflict 

Examine historical, philosophical and scien- 
tific roots of the clash of paradigms for under- 
standing the nature of mind. Explore the nature 
of intelligence, reasoning, awareness. Plato, 
Artisotle, Locke, Skinner, Douglas, Wiener, 
Joyce, and others. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Classical Languages. 


For description see Anthropology. 


Students majoring in literature must have a 
Mentor in the literature discipline, preferably 
chosen by the second semester of the Sopho- 
more year, and must take a minimum of eight 
literature courses, including at least one from 
English literature prior to 1800, and one from 
American literature. One of these may be a 
writing workshop course. Literature majors 
work out their schedules with their Mentors 
according to individual needs. Literature 
majors must successfully pass a Senior com- 
prehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English, American and comparative literature, 
literary criticism, and methodological applica- 
tion; course selections should be made with 
this requirement in mind. In exceptional cases, 
students who have established their profici- 
ency in literature may be invited to write a 
Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive 
exam. Students seeking to major in literature 
in addition to a primary major in another field 
must request permission of the faculty in litera- 
ture as soon as possible, but not later than the 
second semester of the Junior year. 

Courses are divided into three categories: 
introduction to study of literature (typically 
100 level courses) and perspective courses; 
mid-level (typically 200-300 level courses), 
and advanced (courses with prerequisites, 
Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students develop competencies in analysis 
and interpretation of texts, skills in presenting 



ideas in writing and discussion, awareness of 
English and American literary traditions and 
cultural contexts, research skills, and apprecia- 
tion for literature as an art. 

For a minor in literature students take five 
courses in literature, one of which may be a 
writing workshop, three of which must be 
Eckerd College courses, and two of which must 
be at the 300 level or above. Four courses 
taken at Eckerd must be taught by faculty in 
the literature discipline. 

LI A 101 Introduction to Literature: Short 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on crit- 
ical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 102 Introduction to Literature: The 
Four Genres 

Plays, poems, novels and short stories, con- 
centrating on critical thinking, clear, concise 
written and spoken exposition, and values 
embodied in great works. Attendance is re- 

LIA 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Major forms and traditions through established 
and experimental examples from English and 
American poets. Lyric, narrative, ballad, son- 
net, villanelle. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

LIA 202 Journalism 

Basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, 
features, editorials, editing, layout, social and 
legal issues facing the press. Students should 
have previous experience in high school or 
college journalism. 

LIL 2 10 A Human Experience in Literature 

Basic human experiences (innocence and 
experience, conformity and rebellion, love and 
hate, the presence of death) approached 
through great poems, stories and plays. Liter- 
ature from 400 B.C. to the present. 


LIA 221 American Literature I: The 
Puritans to Whitman 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century 
America. The development and transfiguration 
of American attitudes toward nature, religion, 
government, slavery, etc., traced through liter- 
ary works. 

LIL 222 American Literature II 

Survey of American literature from the mid- 
19th century to the pre sent. Dickinson, Twain, 
James, Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, 
O'Neill, Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Con- 
nor, Welty and a range of contemporaries. 

LIL 223 American Literature III 

Major writers and literary works from 1920 to 
present. Important movements such as the 
Harlem Renaissance, Modernism, ethnic 
writing, the search for meaning, experimenta- 
tion in form. 

LIA 225 Modern American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900 to 1950, 
concentrating on the meaning and values ex- 
pressed in the poems, the development of 
modernism, and the reflection of America as 
our society developed. 

LIA 226A Literary Genres: Short Novels 

The short novel and ways in which it differs 
from shorter and longer fiction, how literature 
embodies values, and practice in the enuncia- 
tion and defense of reasoned critical opinions. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 228 A The American Short Story: 
Fiction into Film 

Literature of 19th and 20th century America: 
humorists, poets, novelists, dramatists and 
short story writers, including Twain, Dickinson, 
Eliot, Frost, Henry James, Hemingway, Faulk- 
ner, O'Neill, Williams, O'Connor, Baldwin, 
Welty. Attendance required. 

LIA/ANC 230 Linguistics 

For description see Anthropology. 

LIC/RUC 232 Russian Classics in 

LIC/RUC 234 Russian Literature in 

For descriptions see Russian Studies. 


LIL 235 Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic 
genre: comedy, tragedy, history and romance. 
Learn to appreciate and evaluate his writings, 
and the characteristic distinctions among the 

LIL/THA 236/7 History of Drama I and II 

Two semester course; either may be taken 
independently. Part I includes Greek drama 
through the Restoration and 18th century. 
Part II includes pre-modern, modern and con- 
temporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: to 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the 
Neoclassic period, highlighting the historical 
traditions which the authors create and upon 
which they draw. 

LIA 267S Literature of Healing and Dying 

The relationship between the sick person and 
the caregiver, and the relationship between 
the reader and the writer who describes, and 
sometimes criticizes, the first relationship, to 
deepen understanding of health care issues. 

LIL 271 Drama as Genre 

Tragedy, comedy, and tragicomedy: the impor- 
tance of language, from poetry to slang. Writ- 
ings of important critics through the ages. 
Theatre productions, televised plays. 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel: Western 
Narrative I 

Some of the great works of the Western tra- 
dition, the fantastic and the realistic, following 
the guided dreams of narrative and its explor- 
ation of our imaginations and our worlds. 

LIL 239 English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 
to 1950, including Romantic, Victorian, 
modern and contemporary writers. The his- 
torical tradition and outstanding individual 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

Modern writers and some of the questions of 
modern times: alienation, depth psychology in 
fiction, assessments of technology and urban life, 
sources of hope in humanism and literary art. 

LIA 241A Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their narrative art, 
their reflection of American culture, their en- 
gagement of the readers' hearts and minds, 
exploring some of life's great questions as 
revealed by masterful writers. 

LIA 242 A Introduction to Native American 

Emphasis on Navajo, Pueblo and Kiowa oral 
narrative, autobiography, essay, poetry, fiction. 
Connections between myths in Native Ameri- 
can stories and contemporary Anglo culture. 

LIA 250 (Directed Study) Children's 

The best of children's literature in various 
genres. Students do either a creative (e.g., 
writing children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay 
on history of nursery rhymes) project. 

LIL 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare 

For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 In- 
troduction to Shakespeare, or those wishing to 
pursue further work on Shakespeare inde- 

LII 300 (Directed Study) Florentine Liter- 

See International Education, Italy Offer- 

LIA 301 Southern Literature 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, iden- 
tifying what is "Southern" about them. Works 
by McCullers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, 
Percy, Price, Porter, Ganes. Attendance re- 

LIA 302 Studies in Fiction 

Topics vary according to student and faculty 
interest. Close reading of texts, study of criti- 
cism and applicable literary theory, library 
research techniques, writing critical prose on 
the topic. 

LIL 303 18th Century British Literature 

British literature from the death of Dryden to 
the beginning of the Romantic Age. Major 
writers including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, 
Jonson, Fielding, Sterne. Major Enlighten- 
ment themes and genres. 



LIC/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

For description see Modern Languages, 

LIL 305A Women as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and Amer- 
ican literature with emphasis on metaphors 
for women, what it is to be human, and values 
choices. Conceptions of women through the 
ages as presented in literature. 

LIL 308 The Poetry of Donne and Jonson 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing 
their ideas and techniques, their relationships 
to themselves, their beloved and the world, 
and examining perplexities held in common 
across the centuries. 

LIL 309 Religion in Literature 

Poems, stories, novels and plays which deal 
with religious experience. Selections from Old 
Testament, Dante, Herbert, Milton, Dickinson, 
Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Eliot, Auden and 

LIL 311 Literature and Myth 

Stories, poems, plays, film which take their 
major themes and patterns from myth, or which 
attempt to forge alternate myths. Greek to 
modern writers. Readings from anthropologists, 
other social scientists, and myth criticisms. 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

Poems, plays, stories, essays, journals, and 
other genres of literature by women of various 
cultures and languages, primarily over the past 
century. Major social, political and historical 
movements shaping the writer and her world. 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modern 

Survey of British literature from the 1880s to 
World War II, and an attempt to define 
"modernism" in poetry. Poets include Hop- 
kins, Hardy, Yeats, Housman, Eliot, Auden 
and Thomas. 

LIL 322 Modern British Literature 

Readings of period documents in history and 
social sciences; major writers, including Conrad, 
Joyce, Eliot, Woolf and Auden. Does not in- 
clude drama. 

LIL 323 The Victorian Age in British 

British poetry and prose during the reign of 
Victoria (1837-1901). Major writers including 
Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dic- 
kens, Ruskin, Hardy. Victorian themes and 
intellectual preoccupations. 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through 
major artists of the next two generations. 
Burns, Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, 
Shelley, Keats, Byron. Major Romantic themes 
and genres. 

LIL 325A Men and Women in Literature 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for 
men and women involved in societal or indi- 
vidual choices, through the study of great works 
of Western literature. 

LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of early 
English non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis 
on Chaucer, Spenser and Shakespeare. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas 
and attitudes which shape ecological practice. 
Understanding our heritage and using that 
knowledge to keep the earth household alive 
and healthy. 

LIA 334 20th Century European Fiction 

Novels representing various countries, domi- 
nant literary movements and most influential 
authors. One or more novels may be read in the 
original language. Prerequisite: one college 
level literature course. 

LIL 338 20th Century Drama: British/ 

Representative dramatic forms through works 
by O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, 
Pinter, Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the 
influences which helped shape modern drama. 
Prerequisite: any course in drama. 

LIL/REL 342A The Art of Biblical 

For description see Religious Studies. 

LIA 347 Great Prose 

Non-fiction prose, largely from the Western 
tradition, asking how authors use language to 
enquire into various topics and to lead the 
mind and imagination of the reader. 

LIA 349A Fiction from Around the World 

Modern fiction from various parts of the globe. 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction 
as a means of representing human experience, 
both in values questions and literary elements 
(plot, character, image, etc.). 

LIA 350 (Directed Study) Modern 
American Novel 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the 
first half of the 20th century from Dreiser 
through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes and 
analysis of writing style. 

LIA 351 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
American Women Artists and Writers 
(c. 1900-1935) 

Women artists and writers in the social and 
cultural context of their times. Students choose 
from among photography, dance, poetry, prose. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

LIC/GRC 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

For description see Modern Languages, 

LIA 352 (Directed Study) American 
Fiction: 1950 to Present II 

For description see LIA 252. 

LIL 352A African- American Literary 

A chronology of African-American history, 
tracing the evolution of literary tradition from 
folk cultures, literary and intellectual traditions, 
to current themes. 

LIA 361 Literary Criticism 

A study of literary theory and criticism using 
the most important figures in the West from 
Plato to the present. Prerequisite: one college 
literature course. 


LIA/THA 362A Film and Literature 

Elements of film production, major film gen- 
res, literary sources and analogues, and some 
of the critical approaches of film study. 

LIA 368 Literature of Fact 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvement, ethical responsibilities 
studied through non-fiction writers. 

LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, 
television. Critical opinions on what distin- 
guishes the tragic and the comic. 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding 
the Goddess, "god-talk," and "godthinking" 
through the study of Christian mystics, Jungian 
psychologists, contemporary poets, novelists 
and theologians. 

LIA 381 A Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it 
evolves. Selections from several strands of 
current writing in America, traditional and 
experimental, male and female, urban and 
rural, white and black. 

LIA 382A Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post-1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between 
the poet and society. 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 

LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting 
from such authors as Didion, Ellison, Mala- 
mud, Mailer, O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, 
Bellow. Attendance is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited 
to Senior literature majors, with others by 
Permission of instructor. 



LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in 
the context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 Poetry of Eliot and Yeats 

Transformation of Romanticism through the 
works of two of the greatest poets of the past 
hundred years. 

LIL 440 The Mythical Method: Yeats, 
Eliot and Joyce 

The narrative method of telling a story with 
beginning, middle and end, compared with 
experiments of three modern masters with an 
alternative method, fragments unified by ref- 
erence to myth. 

LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary 

Important approaches to literature and lan- 
guage in the 20th century, including New 
Critical, Marxist, Psychoanalytic, Structura- 
list, Phenomenologist, Mythic, Feminist, New 
Historical, Deconstructionist. Prerequisite: 
two college level literature courses. 


See International Education. 


The management program rests on two prin- 
cipal foundations: teaching management in a 
liberal arts environment and teaching the 
general management core requirements that 
comprise the accepted body of knowledge in 
the discipline. The management program is 
designed to prepare the student for an entry 
level managerial position in an organization or 
for graduate school. The ultimate goal of the 
program is to prepare students for responsible 
management and leadership positions in busi- 
ness and society, both domestic and inter- 

The management program is designed to meet 
the needs of three categories of students: 
undergraduate majors in management, minors 
in management, and dual majors; and to in- 
tegrate the general education and liberal arts 
emphasis throughout the four-year program of 
instruction. The course sequence for a major 
in management is as follows: 


CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

Science or 

MNB 210 Computer Applications 

BEB 160M Statistics 

MNB/MAN 120 Quantitative Methods 
(prerequisite: two years of high school 
algebra with no less than a B grade for 
both years, or college algebra with no 
less than a C grade) 

Freshmen or Sophomores 

MNB 272 Management Information 

(prerequisites: CSN 143M preferred, or 

MNB 210) 


MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 
ECB 281S Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Macroeconomics 

(Micro and Macro may be taken in any 



MNB 278 Business Law 

MNB 368 Managerial Enterprise 

(prerequisite: MNB 278 and Junior or 

MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

(Junior or Senior) 
MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

(prerequisites: BEB 160M and SLB 101S 

orPSB 101S) 
MNB 376 Personnel Management 

(Junior or Senior) 
MNB 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

MNB 378 Investment Finance 

(prerequisites: MNB 271 and two of 

ECB 281S, ECB 282S, MNB 368) 

Juniors or Seniors 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

(prerequisites: MNB/MAN 120 and 
Junior, or instructor's permission) 


MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic 

(comprehensive in management, final 
semester of Senior year) 

(Students may petition for enrollment 
if enrolled in no more than two 300- 
level courses) 
MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in Man- 



Management majors are required to complete 
each course with a grade of C or better. To 
pregress in sequence, and to receive credit for 
core courses in which the student has received 
a D grade, a petition must be submitted and 
approved by the discipline coordinator. 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of manage- 
ment is viewed as a liberal art. The manage- 
ment program stresses developing ideas, pro- 
blem solving, and communicating solutions 
rather than the routine and mechanical appli- 
cation of knowledge and skills. The management 
program emphasizes critical thinking, effective 
writing, asking probing questions, formulating 
solutions to complex problems, and assessing 
ethical implications of decisions. 

The management faculty has identified a set 
of interdisciplinary management skills or com- 
petencies that students need to acquire but 
which do not fit neatly into the boundaries of 
the core management requirements described 
above. These skills build upon related com- 
petencies which students acquire in the gen- 
eral education program. These are: critical 
thinking, decision making and problem solving, 
negotiating and resolving conflicts, systemic 
thinking, information processing, entrepre- 
neurship, introspection, cross-cultural skills 
and international perspectives, communication, 
and computer skills. As part of the liberal arts 
emphasis, the management discipline addres- 
ses individual and societal values as a com- 
ponent of each course in the program. 

In addition to these liberal arts-related com- 
petencies, students in the management program 
also develop the following management com- 
petencies which build upon the general educa- 
tion program: 

— management under uncertain conditions in- 
cluding policy determination at the senior 
management level. 

— production and marketing of goods and 
services and financing the organization. 

— knowledge of the economics of the organiza- 
tion and of the larger environment within 
which the organization operates. 

— knowledge of the legal environment of 
organizations along with the ethical issues 
and social and political influences on organi- 

— concepts of accounting, quantitative meth- 
ods, and management information systems 

including computer applications. 

— organizational behavior, interpersonal com- 
munications, and personnel/human resource 
management theory and practice. 

A minor in management consists of the follow- 
ing five courses: either Computers and MIS or 
Introduction to Computer Science, Managerial 
Enterprise, Principles of Marketing, Organi- 
zational Behavior, and either Principles of 
Accounting or Finance. Effective for all stu- 
dents entering Eckerd College during or after 
fall semester 1992, all management minors are 
required to complete each course with a grade 
of C or better. To progress in sequence, and to 
receive credit for core courses in which the 
student has received a D grade, a petition 
must be submitted and approved by the dis- 
cipline coordinator. 

MNB/MAN 120 Quantitative Methods 

For description see Mathematics. 

MNB/CSN 202 Cobol Programming 
For description see Computer Science. 

MNB 210 Computer Applications 

For students with minimal experience with 
computers not planning a computer science 
major or information systems concentration. 
Major concepts, word processing, spreadsheet, 
data base, networking software, BASIC pro- 
gramming, consideration of ethical issues. 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organizational decisions, policies and actions. 
Analyzing situations which require moral de- 
cisions in the organizational context. Sopho- 
more or higher standing. 

MNB/SLB 251 Work and Occupations 

Theories and research explaining occupational 
choice and socialization, labor market seg- 
ments, inter and intragenerational career 
mobility, professionalization, deprofessional- 
ization, future trends in occupation. 



MNB/SLB 252 Evaluation Research 

Develop and implement research designs to 
assess goal achievement, effectiveness and 
efficiency of programmatic innovations. The 
organizational context in which evaluation 
occurs. Prerequisites: SLB 101S orPSB 101S 
and BEB 160M or MNB 37 1, or permission of 

MNB/ANC/IBC 260 The Cultural Environ- 
ment of International Business 

MNB/ANC/IBC 261 International 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation 
and analysis of financial statements, accumu- 
lation of business operating data and its clas- 
sification for financial reporting. Balance sheets 
and income statements. 

MNB 272 Management Information 

Decisions that must be made by managers 
pertaining to computers and information sys- 
tems. Computer terminology, hardware and 
programming, selecting computer and data 
base systems, etc. Prerequisite: CSN 143M 
(preferred) or MNB 210. 

MNB 273 Life Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal finan- 
cial plan to increase one's quality of life. Of 
special interest to non-management majors. 

MNB 275S The Sex-Role Revolution in 

Issues related to the history, problems and 
prospects of women in management. The 
impact of the sex-role revolution on women 
and men in corporations (the course is not for 
women only). 

MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of busi- 
ness law and regulations. Contracts, Uniform 
Commercial Code, creditors' rights, labor, 
torts and property, judicial and administra- 
tive processes. 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and 
manufacturing sectors of global economy. 
Forecasting, product and process decisions, 
capacity planning, facility location and layout, 
project management and operations schedul- 
ing, inventory planning and control, quality 
control. Prerequisite: MNB/MAN 120 and 
Junior standing, or instructor's permission. 

MNB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines 
(psychology, sociology, anthropology) to un- 
derstanding the consumer decision-making 
process. The impact and value issues of the 
consumer movement. 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

Sources, degrees and consequences of bu- 
reaucratization in a wide range of social organi- 
zations such as work, church, military, schools, 
hospitals. Prerequisites: SLB 101S or PBS 
10 IS and BEB 160M or MNB 371, or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MNB/CSN 360 Database System 
For description see Computer Science. 

MNB 361 Business History 

The growth of managerial enterprise from 
Colonial to modern times, its origins and devel- 
opment and the individuals important in its 
evolution. Prerequisites: MNB 368 and one 
course in American history. For Juniors and 
Seniors only. 

MNB 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Concepts, theories and management styles of 
contemporary managers. Communication, 
motivation, planning, directing, controlling, 
organizing. Prerequisite: MNB 278 and Junior 
or Senior standing. 

MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distribut- 
ing and marketing goods and services. Pre- 
requisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

MNB/ECB 370 Industry, Labor and 

For description see Economics. 



MNB/SLB 371 Organizational Behavior 
and Leadership 

Major factors affecting behavior in organiza- 
tions. Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizational factors, leadership. Pre- 
requisite: BEB 160M and SLB 101S orPSB 

MNB 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating man- 
agement in decision making: determination of 
product cost and profitability, budgeting, pro- 
fit planning, utilization of standard cost and 
financial statement analysis. Prerequisite: 
MNB 271. 

MNB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, stra- 
tegies incorporating creative use of advertising, 
publicity, merchandising, direct selling, and 
sales promotion. Prerequisite: MNB 369. 

MNB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development. Market research, cost/ 
revenue breakdowns, competitive analysis, 
others. Prerequisite: MNB 369, BEB 160M. 

MNB 375 Marketing Channels and 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency 
and economy. Prerequisite: MNB 369. 

MNB 376 Personnel Management 

Theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, in- 
cluding job definition, staffing, training and 
development, compensation and benefits, 
labor relations, environmental analysis and 
human resource planning and controlling. Pre- 
requisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business 

A survey of financial markets and institutions 
in both the public and private sectors and their 
impact on society. Prerequisites: MNB 271 
and two of MNB 368, ECB 281S, ECB 282S. 

MNB 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the 
investment world with emphasis on the private 
sector. Prerequisites: MNB 271 and two of 
MNB 368, ECB 281S, ECB282S. 

MNB 379 Retail Organization and 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical 
facilities, personnel, planning, pricing, legal- 
ities, research techniques, store images, mar- 
ket targets. Prerequisite: MNB 369. 

MNB 380 Professional Salesmanship 

Communication skills, buyer's motivations, 
individual demonstrations of the basic steps 
to selling, illustrating how selling is a catalyst 
for the entire economy and for society in general. 
Prerequisite: MNB 369. 

MNB/ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy 

MNB/ECB 384 Managerial Economics 

MNB/ECB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

For descriptions see Economics. 

MNB 396/496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research I, II 

Theory and practice of personnel and human 
resources management (PHRM) planning and 
applied research in organizations. Students 
participate in ongoing industry research pro- 
jects of the Human Resource Institute (e.g., 
personnel strategic planning, environmental 
scanning for personnel functions such as re- 
cruitment and training). Prerequisite: MNB 
376 and permission of instructor. 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 

Interaction of human communities such as 
organizations, cities, neighborhoods and in- 
dustries with their social and physical environ- 
ment. Prerequisities: SLB lOlSorPSB 101S, 
MNB 371 and BEB 160M or permission of 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

Senior seminar for management majors. Week- 
ly sessions with practicing executives on gen- 
eral management topics. Outside research. 


Marine Science 

MNB/SLB 451 Technology and Society 

Interdependent relationship of technological 
innovation, adoption, adaptation and diffusion 
to social change. Evolution of modes of pro- 
duction and service delivery, organizational 
structure and functioning. Prerequisites: BEB 
160M and SLB 101S or PSB 101S, or per- 
mission of instructor. 

MNB/SLB 472 Organizational Dynamics 

The management of organizational change 
through the use of social science knowledge. 
For management, sociology and psychology 
majors interested in organizational or applied 
sociology, industrial psychology or manage- 
ment consulting. Prerequisite: BEB 160M and 
SLB lOlSorPSB 101S. 

MNB 475 Investment Analysis 

Advanced investment course focusing on in- 
depth analysis of specific investment alterna- 
tives using the computer and other sophisti- 
cated techniques. Prerequisites: MNB 377 or 

MNB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit 
ventures contributing to society. Entrepre- 
neurial project. Prerequisites: MNB 278, 368, 
369 and 377 or 378. MNB 498 may be taken 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with 
foundations of financial management used in 
organization decision making. Prerequisites: 
MNB 272, 377 or 378. 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership 
experience as group trainers using study groups 
from the Managerial Enterprise course. Per- 
mission of instructor required. 

MNB/SLB 482 Proctoring in Organization 

Practical leadership, group consultation and 
facilitation experience using groups from the 
Organizational Behavior and Leadership 
course. For management, human development, 
personnel and human resource management, 
applied psychology and sociology majors. Pre- 
requisites: MNB 371 with a B or better, and 
permission of instructor. 

MNB/IBC 485 International Marketing 

MNB/IBC 486 International Finance and 

For description see International Business. 

MNB 496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research II 

For description see MNB 396. 

MNB 498 Business Policy and 
Strategic Management 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general 
management. Prerequisite: final semester of 
Senior year. Students may petition for enroll- 
ment if they are enrolled in no more than two 
300-level courses. 


The marine science major provides both an 
integrative science background and specialized 
foundation work especially suitable for stu- 
dents planning professional careers in marine 

Required for a B.S. are: Marine Geology, 
Chemistry I and II, Calculus I, Fundamental 
Physics I and II, Descriptive Physical Ocean- 
ography, and Chemical Oceanography. In ad- 
dition, the specified courses in one of the fol- 
lowing tracks must be included: Marine Bio- 
logy — Marine and Freshwater Botany, Marine 
Invertebrate Biology, Cell Biology, Principles 
of Ecology, Genetics, Physiology, Statistics 
and an approved mathematics course. Marine 
Chemistry — Organic Chemistry I and II, 
Analytical Chemistry, Introduction to Marine 
Biology or Marine Invertebrate Biology, Phy- 
sical Chemistry I, Experimental Chemistry I, 
Calculus II and Marine Geochemistry. Marine 


Marine Science 

Geophysics — Introduction to Marine Biology 
of Marine Invertebrate Biology, Introduction 
to Geology, Calculus II and III, Differential 
Equations, Classical Mechanics, Exploration 
Geophysics, and Solid Earth Geophysics. 

Marine science majors are urged to incorporate 
Sea Semester into their Junior or Senior year, 
or participate in an alternative field experience, 
possibly during winter term. 

Students who major in the marine science bio- 
logy track may not also major in biology. 

Students who complete any track of the marine 
science major demonstrate the following com- 

— fundamental concepts of biology, chemistry, 
and physical oceanography and marine 

— research methods employed by oceanogra- 
phers, and history of oceanographic explor- 
ation and research. 

— ability to synthesize information from the 
various marine science disciplines. 

— ability to write and speak well, and discuss 
creative approaches to research questions. 

— ability to understand the nature of values- 
oriented questions associated with either 
human use of marine resources or human 
activities in general. 

— ability to utilize library resources effectively. 

A minor in marine science consists of five 
courses approved for marine science, including 
at least one from each defined track. These 
must not duplicate those used by students to 
satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 119E Introduction to Oceanography 

For both science and non-science students. 
Biological interactions in oceans and how they 
are affected by physical, chemical and geolog- 
ical forces. Laboratory and field exercises. 

MSN 185 Introduction to Marine Biology 

Physiological and ecological processes neces- 
sary for life in a marine habitat. Introduction to 
cellular, organismal and community levels bio- 
logical organization and diversity. 

MSN/BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

MSN/BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate 

For descriptions see Biology. 

MSN 207E Introduction to Geology 

Mineralogy, crustal movements, volcanism, 
ground and surface water, glaciation; history 
of the earth, its inhabitants and surface fea- 

MSN 208E Environmental Geology 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of 
the earth. Methods of preservation, conser- 
vation and sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction 
to geological oceanography. 

MSN 301 Chemical Oceanography 

Major, minor and micronutrient elements and 
dissolved gasses, dissolved and particulate 
organic compounds in seawater; formation of 
deep-sea sediments and the geochemistry of 
sediments. The ocean as a chemically unified 
system embracing the hydrosphere, biosphere 
and geosphere. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and 

MSN/BIN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

For description see Biology. 

MSN 303 Exploration Geophysics 

A laboratory course in theory, methods and 
applications; computer methods and geolog- 
ical applications emphasized. Prerequisites: 
MAN 132 and MSN 207E or 242. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tec- 
tonics. Interpretation of clastic and chemical 
sedimentary rocks to infer processes, environ- 
ments, and tectonic settings in the marine en- 
vironment. Prerequisite: MSN 207E or 242. 

MSN 307 Marine Geochemistry 

Sources of pollutants and products of erosion 
in the sea, processes of removal, radiometric 
dating of sediments, porewater chemistry and 
sediment diagnosis. Practical field and lab 
techniques. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and 



MSN 308E Introductory Meteorology 

The origin of the atmosphere, the scientific 
principles underlying weather patterns, and 
everyday phenomena such as cloud forma- 
tions, rainbows, mirages and halos. Weather 
folklore and allusions in literature, and the 
effect of weather on history. 

MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how 
water moves through the ground, pollution of 
water and other problems. Laboratory involv- 
ing data collection, interpretation, computer 
work, field trips. Prerequisite: PHN 241 or 
permission of instructor. 

MSN/BIN 311 Marine Mammology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN 342 Descriptive Physical 

Physical properties of seawater, distributions 
of water characteristics in the oceans, water, 
salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanogra- 
phy. Prerequisite: PHN 241 or permission of 

MSN/BIN 402 Marine Ecology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN 404 Structural Geology 

Folding and faulting, stress and strain, elas- 
ticity, flexture, heat transfer, and rheology of 
rocks. Prerequisites: MAN 132 and MSN 207E 
or 242. 


The basic requirement for either the B.A. or 
B.S. degree is the completion of eight math- 
ematics courses numbered above MAN 233 
with a grade of at least C. Independent study 
courses in special topics in mathematics also 
may be used in satisfying this requirement. 
This wide flexibility permits a program of study 
to be tailored to the individual student's in- 
terests. The Mathematical Sciences Seminar 
is required in the Junior and Senior years. All 
mathematics courses taken are applicable to 
the collegial requirement of 12 natural science 
courses for the B.A. degree, and 16 natural 
science courses for the B.S. degree. 

Placement level in mathematics is determined 
by evaluation of a student's high school math- 
ematics courses. 

The course requirements for the mathematics 
major (B.A. or B.S.) form a sequence consisting 
of Calculus I, Calculus II, and eight math- 
ematics courses numbered above MAN 233. 

Students majoring in mathematics acquire 
knowledge of the basic definitions, axioms and 
theorems of mathematical systems. They are 
expected to apply mathematical reasoning to 
solve problems and to develop proficiency in 
computation. Achievement of the required 
competencies are demonstrated by successful 
completion of a Senior comprehensive examin- 
ation or Senior thesis and by successful com- 
pletion of eight mathematics courses numbered 
above MAN 233. 

A minor in mathematics requires completion 
of five mathematics courses with a grade of at 
least C of which at least three are numbered 
above MAN 233. 

MSN 408/NAN 410 Marine Science 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine 
science. Junior and Senior marine science 
majors participate for one course credit. 
Sophomores are invited to attend. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 

For other courses meeting marine science 
requirements, see Biology, Chemistry, 
Mathematics, Physics, Statistics, and Sea 

MAN 10 1M College Algebra 

Polynomial algebraic and rational functions 
and their properties. Analytical geometry/ 
sketching graphs, zeros of functions, mathe- 
matical induction, equations and inequalities. 

MAN 102M Philosophy of Mathematics 

The intellectual development of mathematical 
thought. Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Newton, 
Einstein and others studied in a historical and 
philosophical context. Some computing re- 
quired but skill or knowledge in a programming 
language not needed. 



MAN 103M Trigonometry 

Functions and their graphs: inverses, expo- 
nential and logarithmic functions, proving 
identities, solving equations and developing 
complex numbers. Prerequisite: MAN 101M 
or two years of high school algebra. 

MAN 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, proba- 
bility, statistics, consumer mathematics, use 
of computer. Students use calculators. 

MAN 105M Precalculus Mathematics 

A combination of college algebra and trigo- 
nometry to the depth necessary for the study 
of calculus. Use of calculators is expected. 

MAN/MNB 120 Quantitative Methods 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied 
which are useful in helping managers and econ- 
omists make decisions. Prerequisite: MAN 
105M or placement at the H level and MAN 
133orBES 160M. 

MAN 131M Calculus I 

First in two course sequence. Applications to 
physical sciences and economics. Prerequisite: 
placement at the H level. 

MAN 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of Calculus I. Exponential, loga- 
rithmic and trigonometric functions, formal 
intergration techniques and applications. 
Taylor polynomials and infinite series. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 121M or MAN 131M. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

Probability and statistics, and their uses in the 
natural sciences. Prerequisite: MAN 121M or 
MAN 131M. Credit will be given for only one 
of MAN 133 or BEB 160M, but not both. 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, per- 
mutations, combinations; introduction to 
probability, logic, Boolean algebra, differential 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather than 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: MAN 12 1M 
or MAN 131M. 

MAN 233 Calculus III 

Three-dimensional analytic geometry, partial 
and directional derivatives, extrema of functions 
of several variables, multiple integrals. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorem, linear 
differential equations of second or higher 
orders, Frobenius and Laplace methods, nu- 
merical methods for solving differential equa- 
tions. Prerequisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, ma- 
trices, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and system 
of linear equations. Prerequisites: MAN 13 1M 
and permission of instructor, or MAN 132. 

MAN 237 Introduction to Mathematical 

For students from any field that requires 
abstract mathematical content. Reasoning, 
exposition, writing and understanding mathe- 
matical proof, propositional and predicate 
calculus, relations, functions, construction and 
properties of number systems. Prerequisite: 
MAN 132 or 143. 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 

Maximization and minimization with and with- 
out constraints; introduction to linear and non- 
linear programming. Prerequisite: MAN 233 
or 236 and permission of instructor. 

MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

Probability theory, random variables and 
sampling, distribution functions, point and 
interval estimation, regression theory, non- 
parametric tests and mathematical develop- 
ment of topics. Prerequisite: MAN 233 or per- 
mission of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of MAN 333, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

Two-course sequence. Integers, groups, rings, 
integral domains, vector spaces, development 
of fields. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or 236. Of- 
fered alternate years. 


Medical Technology 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 337 Foundations of Geometry 

Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometry with 
axiomatic approach. Appropriate for prospec- 
tive teachers. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

MAN 338 Graph Theory 

Gives students a better ability for proving 
theorems, solving problems using graphs, and 
a foundation for those wanting to continue in 
graduate work in computer science or applied 
mathematics. Prerequisite: MAN 236. 

MAN 339 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Topics fundamental to applied mathematics 
that deal with finite or discrete sets. Prereq- 
uisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos 
and fractals. Dynamic modelling, stability 
analysis, bifurcation theory, strange attractors, 
self-similarity, integrated function systems. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

MAN/CSN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Students are assumed to know a high-level pro- 
gramming language. Methods for solving equa- 
tions, linear difference equations, the use of 
interpolating polynomials, numerical integration 
and differentiation, and numerical solutions of 
differential equations. Prerequisite: MAN 233 
or permission of instructor. 

MAN 351 Fourier Analysis 

For students in the mathematical and physical 
sciences. Hands-on simulation and analysis of a 
variety of physical phenomena, using the Fourier 
software package. Prerequisite: MAN 234. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars and 

NAN 438. 


MAN 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation pro- 
perties, continuity, homeomorphisms and 
metric and Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: 
MAN 233 or consent of instructor. 

MAN 421 Partial Differential Equations 

Selected topics in boundary value problems 
and partial differential equations. Prerequisite: 
MAN 234. 

MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real num- 
bers as a complete ordered field, derivatives, 
Riemann integrals, Euclidean n-space, partial 
derivatives, vector-valued functions of vector 
variables, multiple, infinite, line and surface 
integrals, infinite series, Green's and Stoke's 
theorems. Prerequisite: MAN 233. Offered in 
alternate years. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2-year sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoringin 
physics and mathematics. Application of the 
mathematical sciences with historical and cul- 
tural questions included. 

MAN 499 Independent Research — 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invi- 
tation of the mathematics faculty, do research 
and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of that faculty. 

See also Computer Science. 

The Medical Technology program offers stu- 
dents a B.S. or B.A. degree by .completing 
three years of general studies here and a fourth 
year of professional coursework at a hospital 
which has been approved by the Council on 
Medical Education of The American Medical 

The general studies program at Eckerd College 
must include a minimum of eleven courses in 
the Natural Sciences which are required for cer- 

Modern Languages 

tification: four courses in biology (including 
microbiology and immunology); four courses 
in chemistry (including organic), one course in 
mathematics (normally calculus), and two 
courses in physics. Completion of the all- 
college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general edu- 
cation courses should be taken in advance. 

The professional coursework taken during the 
Senior year requires that the student spend 1 2 
months in training at a certified hospital to 
which he/she has gained admission. For most 
Eckerd students, this is Bayfront Medical Cen- 
ter. The student receives college credit for the 
laboratory courses taken in that clinical setting. 
The baccalaureate is awarded on successful 
completion of this coursework with a major in 
interdisciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification 
by the American Society of Clinical Pathol- 
ogists (ASCP) after passing an official exam- 
ination. Supervision of clinical coursework 
during the Senior year is carried out by a Pro- 
gram Director (an M.D. certified in clinical 
pathology by the American Board of Pathology) 
and an Educational Coordinator (a medical 
technologist certified by the Registry of Medical 


For description see Marine Science. 


Students may pursue a language major in 
French, German or Spanish, a major in Russian 
Studies, or a major in Modern Language. 
Course work is also available in Italian and 

Language majors must take at least eight 
courses beyond the elementary level. A lang- 
uage major is required to speak the language 
well enough to be rated at an Intermediate - 
High level of proficiency as defined by the 
American Council of the Teaching of Foreign 
Languages. Because of the proficiency expec- 
tation, language majors are urged to spend no 
less than a term studying abroad, usually during 
the Junior year unless, prior equivalency is 
verified. The College maintains a variety of 
programs to help meet this requirement. In 
addition, all majors in this field of study are 
expected to have tested knowledge in cultural, 
historical and literary understanding. All stu- 

dents must successfully pass either a compre- 
hensive examination or write a Senior thesis, 
the latter by invitation of the language faculty. 
Students are advised to take various other 
courses in accordance with their interests and 
career goals. Four courses beyong the third 
year level must pertain directly to the language, 
literature and culture. 

Majors in modern languages often go on to 
careers in education, government, journalism, 
business, or to graduate school. 

Minors are available in French, German, 
Spanish or Russian Studies. A minor consists 
of five courses above the elementary level. 

Advanced elementary language courses are 
numbered 111 in the schedule of courses. 


FRC 101/2 Elementary French I, II 

Introduction to French for students with little 
or no training in the language. Three classes 
and two laboratory sessions per week. 

FRC 201 Intermediate French I 

Developing oral and written control of French. 
Grammar, conversations and readings in 
French. Prerequisite: FRC 102 or three years 
of high school French. 

FRC 202C Intermediate French II 

Integrated approach to French language, cul- 
ture and literature. Oral presentations, discus- 
sion of comtemporary French issues, weekly 
written reports and compositions. Grammar 
review, aural comprehension exercises weekly. 
Prerequisite: FRC 201 or equivalent. 

FRC 301 A Introduction to Literary 

Reading and discussing modern French writers, 
including drama, fiction and poetry. Grammar 
review, vocabulary development. Classes in 
French, essay exams in English, laboratory 
work. Prerequisite: FRC 202 or equivalent. 

FRC 302 Advanced Composition and 

A refinement of student mastery of structure 
and vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability 
to communicate both orally and in writing. 
Laboratory work as needed. Prerequisite: FRC 
202 or equivalent. 



FRC 303 History of French Civilization 

Readings, lectures and discussions in French 
from the Gallic nation and its conquest by 
Rome to the defeats and victories of French 
culture during our century. Prerequisite: FRC 
202 or equivalent. 

FRC 304 French Theatre on Stage 

Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 1 7 th century to modern 
works, to improve oral communication skills in 
French. Prerequisite: FRC 202 or equivalent. 

FRC 401 French Literature in Formation 

From the emergence of the French language in 
the middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 
Classicism, exploring how a theme, topic or 
genre emerged as a powerful influence in 
France's later literary tradition. Prerequisite: 
two 300 level courses. 

FRC 402 Enlightenment and Revolution 

Authors who formed attitudes about the right- 
ful place of "man" in the world, decried super- 
stition and violence, or undermined authority 
throughout the 18th century and beyond the 
Revolution into the 19th. Prerequisite: two 
300 level courses. 

FRC 403 Topics in Modern French Liter- 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad 
area each semester. Prerequisite: FRC 301 or 
303 or equivalent. 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects 
of French literature, with unifying motifs. Pre- 
requisite: two 300 level courses. 

FRC 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to 
French business. Basic workings of the French 
economy, and business terms. Prerequisite: 
two 300 level courses. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 


GRC 101/2 Elementary German I, II 

Language through videos and supplemental 
reading. Method appropriate to need, pattern- 
ing and grammatical analysis. Will enable stu- 
dents to function in German- speaking country. 
Prerequisite: GRC 102 or equivalent for 101. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German I, II 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural 
films. Introduction to German culture and 
native language models. Class discussions in 
German. Prerequisites: GRC 102 for 201; 201 
for 202. 

GRC 250/1 (Directed Study) Grammar 
Review/Intermediate German I, II 

Programmed courses allow student with lan- 
guage aptitude to move at own pace. Grammar, 
speech, texts and tapes. 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German 
Literature and Life I, II 

Contemporary German literature and life. 
Readings chosen according to student ability 
and interest. Modern fiction and magazines. 
Prerequisite: GRC 202 or equivalent. 

GRC/LIC 304 Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

Hesse's novels in chronological order, tracing 
the development of the man and his writings 
from poetic realism to impressionism. Offered 
in German and in translation. Prerequisite: 
none in translation; advanced standing in 

GRC 311 Advanced German Composition 
and Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical 
and practical aspects of grammar. Topical 
discussions and written assignments in the 

GRC 331/332 Special Topics in German 

Projects based upon current needs and inter- 
ests of students and offered at the discretion 
of the German faculty. 



GRC/LIC 351 Life and Works of Franz 
Kafka (Directed Study available) 

Major short stories, three novels, two volumes 
of diaries of Franz Kafka may be taken in 
either German or English. Prerequisite: none 
in English; advanced standing in German. 

GRC 401/2 The German Novel I, II 

A study of the most representative novelists 
from Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas 
Mann, Hermann Hesse, and the writers of pres- 
ent day Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 German Drama I, II 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th 
century and the present. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German I, II 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, 
German poetry, the German novelle, history of 
the German language, independent readings. 
For Seniors. 

Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 


ITC 101/102 Elementary Italian I, II 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening com- 
prehension, reading, writing and grammar. 
Prerequisite for 102 is 101 or permission of 
the instructor. 

ITC 201/202 Intermediate Italian I, II 

Prerequisite: ITC 102 or equivalent. 


JAC 101/102 Elementary Japanese I, II 

(Offered in the fall only) 

JAC 201/202 Intermediate Japanese I, II 

(Offered in the spring only) 

Dialogues in Japanese, Romanized Japanese, 
and English supplemented by grammar and 
usage drills. Practice in both speaking and 
reading. Second and third levels taught as di- 
rected studies. 

Year Abroad in Japan 

See International Education. 


See after Spanish. 


See Russian Studies. 


SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish I, II 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for SPC 102 is 
101 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Continuation of SPC 101/2, with all work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 101/2 orthe equiva- 
lent, or permission of instructor. 

SPC 202C Intermediate Spanish II 

Literature as a vehicle for cultural understand- 
ing, speaking, reading and writing Spanish. All 
work in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 201 orthe 

SPC 301 A Introduction to Spanish 

Representative Spanish writers from all per- 
iods and genres of literature. Prerequisite: 
third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 302A Survey of Spanish American 

Work of Spanish American authors with em- 
phasis on 19th and 20th centuries. Prereq- 
uisite: third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 306 Advanced Spanish Grammar and 

Intense practice in speaking through discussion 
and oral reporting focusing on contemporary 
issues. Expand and develop vocabulary. Pre- 
requisite: SPC 202 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 307 Advanced Spanish Grammar and 

For students to develop and perfect writing 
skills, particularly those minoring or majoring 
in the language who also need to fulfill an 
extensive language requirement, such as inter- 
national business or international studies. 



SPC 401 The Modern Spanish Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Gener- 
acion del '98 to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 
302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite: 
SPC 302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modern Spanish Drama 

Works of best modern playwrights from Bena- 
vente to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 404 Spanish Golden Age Literature 

Reading and analyzing the most representa- 
tive authors of the period, with all work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 302 or permission 
of instructor. 

SPC 405 Cervantes 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical 
analysis of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SPC 302 or permission of in- 

SPC 408 New Spanish American Narrative 

Understanding the social message and aesthe- 
tic innovations such as "realismo magico" 
in works of prominent contemporary Spanish 
American writers such as Lloso, Marquez and 
Fuentes. All work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 
SPC 302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 409 Spanish for Business 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural com- 
munication between North America and Span- 
ish-speaking world. Forms, styles, usages, 
procedures in commercial communication. 
Prerequisite: SPC 302 or permission of in- 

Semester Abroad in Spain 
See International Education. 


A major in modern languages consists of a 
minimum of eight courses above the elemen- 
tary level in a primary language, with a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive exam in that lan- 
guage, plus four courses in a secondary lan- 
guage above the elementary level, as deter- 
mined by the individual disciplines. The over- 
all comprehensive exam will include the 
secondary language. The examining committee 
will consist of professors of both languages, 
and the proficiencies examined on the courses 
taken will be: understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing. See further under Modern 
Languages. It is strongly recommended that 
students include elective courses that are re- 
lated to the languages pursued. A minimum of 
one month of residence abroad in the environ- 
ment of the primary foreign language is advised. 


The major in music consists of Comprehen- 
sive Musicanship courses I-A and I-B, II, III, 
IV, V and VI, plus two additional music courses. 
In addition, a student must be enrolled for one 
hour per week in applied music instruction 
and one of the discipline's ensemble programs 
during each term of residency. Students may 
waive the CM I-A requirement through testing. 
Students may waive CM I-B similarly but must 
substitute for it an additional elective in their 
major program. 

The curriculum over four years includes private 
instruction on an instrument or voice, partici- 
pation in choral or instrumental ensembles, at 
least two electives in areas of special interest, 
plus a sequence of comprehensive musician- 
ship courses beginning with the principles and 
applications of tonal harmony and progressing 
to the techniques and creative problems of our 
own time. Because students may not necessarily 
take CM II- VI in sequence, assignments are 
individually tailored requiring over time more 
sophisticated analysis, more use of primary 
sources in music history, more application of 
materials from fields outside of music, and 
more use of computers. 

Specific curricular requirements are: Com- 
prehensive Musicianship sequence: MUA 145, 
MUA 146, MUA 242, MUA 341, MUA 342, 
MUA 443, MUA 444; Music performance 
sequence: MUA 442 plus either MUA 245 or 
MUA 246 every semester of enrollment as a 
declared major; electives: any two courses 



offered through the music discipline; and com- 
prehensive examination or thesis at the in- 
vitation of the faculty. 

The major in music emphasizes both academic 
and performance aspects of music. Seniors 
demonstrate their abilities as music scholars 
in a comprehensive examination or thesis re- 
quiring score and listening analysis as well as 
knowledge of period intellectual history, per- 
formance practices, compositional techniques 
and repertoire. They demonstrate their tech- 
nical and interpretive or creative skills in a 
Senior recital or other performance. 

The minor in music consists of a minimum of 5 
courses: CM I-A, CM I-B, two other CM 
courses and one performance course. With 
music faculty approval, a 300 or 400 level 
music elective may substitute for one of the 
upper level CM courses. The performance 
course may be either Applied Music, an En- 
semble course or a combination of the two for 
one semester each. While continued participa- 
tion is encouraged, only one performance course 
will be credited toward the minor in music. 

MUA 145 Comprehensive Musicianship 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary 
triads and inversions, non-harmonic tones, 
sight singing, keyboard harmony. Four sem- 
ester hours of credit. 

MUA 146 Comprehensive Musicianship 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued 
part-writing and analysis, ear training, sight 
singing, keyboard harmony. Prerequisite for 
advanced music courses. Four semester hours 
of credit. Prerequisite: MUA 145 or equivalent. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music 

The best and most significant music of the 
West approached stylistically and historically, 
with special focus on Stravinsky's Petrushka. 
Not intended for music majors. 

MUA 224 Jazz, its Music and Style 

Roots and developments of jazz, with emphasis 
on such innovators and synthesizers as Louis 
Armstrong, Thelonius Monk and Sonny Rol- 

MUA 242 Comprehensive Musicianship 
II: Medieval and Renaissance Music 

History, theory, performance practices and 
cultural context of Western music from the 
start of the Christian era to 1600. Prerequisite: 
MUA 145 or equivalent. 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and 

Study and performance of masterworks of 
choral music. Concerts given both on and off 
campus. Chamber chorus chosen from mem- 
bership of the larger group. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. Admission by 
audition with instructor. 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Participation in small ensembles for strings, 
brass or woodwinds. Repertoire from Renais- 
sance to present. Four hours per week for two 
semesters earns one course credit. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in 
performance, research, and areas of study not 
provided for in regular semester courses, by 
permission of instructor. 

MUA 326A American Music and Values 

Impact of the American pioneer experience on 
folk, popular and art music. Slave songs to 
electronic works. Freshmen discouraged from 

MUA 341 Comprehensive Musicianship 
III: the Baroque Period 

The literature and associated stylistic analysis 
of music from Monteverdi through Bach (c. 
1600-1750). Prerequisite: MUA 145 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

MUA 342 Comprehensive Musicianship 
IV: Music of the Classic Period 

Development of 18th century classical style 
through the music of Haydn, Mozart and 
Beethoven. Prerequisite: MUA145, or per- 
mission of instructor. 


Personnel and Human Resource Management 

MUA 350 (Directed Study) 20th Century 

Important works by major composers of this 
century, listening to recordings of their works, 
along with the history of the period. Open to all 
students; ability to read standard musical scor- 
ing at minimal level helpful. 

MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MUA 145, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the 
late 19th century. Two one-hour labs in aural 
skills required each week. Permission of in- 
structor required. 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced music students who wish to pur- 
sue work on specialized topics in depth, includ- 
ing composition. Permission of instructor 

College Human Resource Institute. 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, string, 
brass and woodwind instruments. One private 
lesson, one hour class meeting, and a mini- 
mum of six hours per week individual practice 
required for two semesters, for one course 
credit. Permission of instructor required. Fee 

MUA 443 Comprehensive Musicianship 
V: The Romantic Period — the 19th 

A study of the music of the 19th century from 
late Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, 
Chopin and Wagner, among others. Prereq- 
uisite: MUA 145 or permission of instructor. 

MUA 444 Comprehensive Musicianship 
VI: Contemporary Period 

Beginning with Debussy, contemporary music 
through the various mainstream composers. 
Post World War II events, such as aleatoric, 
electronic and computerized composition are 
included. Prerequisite: MUA 145 or permission 
of instructor. 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 
CRA 225A Music and Architecture 

For descriptions see Aesthetic Perspective. 


KSA 201P Models, Myth and Music 

For description see Knight Reading 


A personnel and human resource management 
concentration may be elected within the man- 
agement major. In addition to the specified 
competencies for the management major (see 
management), the PHRM concentration 
teaches theory and practices of personnel 
and human resources management in organi- 
zations including job definition, staffing, 
training and development, compensation and 
benefits, labor relations, environmental analy- 
sis and human resource planning and controll- 
ing. The PHRM concentration also allows 
students to integrate their classroom learning 
with related ongoing business and industry 
research in cooperation with the Eckerd 
College Human Resource Institute. 

PHRM students are required to complete the 
following courses: 


Quantitative Methods 
Statistical Methods 


Principles of Microeconomics 
Principles of Accounting 
Introduction to Computer Science or 
Computer Applications 


Managerial Enterprise 


Personnel Management 

Personnel Planning and Industry Research I 

Organizational Behavior 

Introduction to Business Finance or 

Investment Finance 
Operations Management 

Summer: PHRM work experience or intern- 
ship is required. Credit may be awarded through 
an independent study if work experience is 
combined with approved academic work (such 
as a research paper). 


Personnel Planning and Industry Research II 
Business Policy and Strategic Management 
Senior Seminar: Issues in Management 
All PHRM students must complete each re- 
quired course with a grade of C or better. To 


progress in sequence, and to receive credit for 
core courses in which the student has received 
a grade of D or F, a petition must be submitted 
and approved by the PHRM coordinator. 

See Management. 

Students majoring in philosophy develop with 
their Mentor a program of study including a 
minimum of eight courses, including one logic 
course and one ethics course; at least three 
courses from the History of Philosophy series 
(other philosophy courses with a significant 
historical component may be substituted upon 
approval of the philosophy faculty); Contem- 
porary Philosophical Methodology; and other 
upper level courses focused on the student's 
particular philosophical interests. In addition, 
philosophy majors are expected to take com- 
plementary courses in other disciplines that 
provide background and breadth in their pro- 
gram of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working know- 
ledge of the issues and methods covered in 
their required courses in logic, ethics and the 
history of philosophy sequence, in addition to 
those in their chosen upper-level area of focus. 
This competence and the ability to commun- 
icate it in speaking and writing is demonstrated 
by satisfactory completion of the courses in 
the philosophy major and of a Senior thesis or 
comprehensive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philo- 
sophy courses, to be approved by the philo- 
sophy coordinator. 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 
(Directed Study available) 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around 
us, and major philosophical issues of value and 
meaning. Study works of several great philo- 
sophers to help students develop their own 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of 
language and thought. Helps develop critical, 
analytical reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 220 Existentialism 

A provocatively modern approach to many of 
the issues of the philosophical tradition; the 
existential foundations of art, religion, science 
and technology. 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural 
and supernatural, religious experience, sources 
of religious knowledge, faith and reason in the 
past and future. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, 
right and wrong. Definitions of the good life, 
ethical theories and their application to issues 
such as abortion, civil rights, war and peace 
censorship, etc. 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For description see Management. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relation- 
ship to the natural environment, and how these 
considerations affect our moral obligations to 
other people, as well as future generations. 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have 
been influential in the West. Contemporary 
political theory examined in light of classical 
tradition and historical movements. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 

Viewing films, discussing them, and reading 
philosophical essays about film, art, believing, 
and the difficulties of living well. How themes 
from some major contemporary films reflect 
persisting philosophical themes. 

PLL 263A Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked 
from ancient times by philosophers, artists 
and other thoughtful people about the nature 
of art, beauty, and the role of the arts and 
artists in society. Prerequisite: Western Herit- 
age or permission of instructor. 



PLL 311 Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philoso- 
pher. May be taken more than once for credit 
with focus on different philosophers. 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American phil- 
osophy from the colonial period to the 20th 
century. Prerequisite: some background in the 
humanities or permission of instructor. 

PLL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek 
and Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C.-A.D. 100, 
with emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre- 
Socratics, Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato 
and Aristotle. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 
rise of modern Europe, including develop- 
ments in Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian 
philosophy. Faith and reason, realism and 
nominalism, mysticism and rationalism, Pla- 
tonism and Aristotelianism. Offered alternate 

PLL 323 History of Philosophy: 17th-18th 

Descartes through Kant as response to the 
Scientific Revolution. Comparison of rational- 
ism and empiricism. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social 
and scientific philosophy, existentialism, 
Hegel, Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, 
Nietzsche, others. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C.-A.D. 1700. 
Major discoveries and scientists, different 
approaches to science, the interrelationship 
between science and society. 

PLL 331/332 Special Topics in Philosophy 

Philsophical study of one or more aspects of 
culture, such as sport, gender, unorthodox 
science, sexuality, mass communication, arti- 
ficial intelligence, literature and technology. 
May be taken more than once for credit with 
different topics. 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

Development of philosophical analysis and 
existentialism as the two main philosophical 
movements of the 20th century. Freshmen 
require permission of instructor. 

PLL 344 Varieties of Marxism 

Selections from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, 
Stalin; Chinese, Latin American and European 
interpretations of Marx. Some background in 
philosophy, economics or political theory re- 
quired. Freshmen require permission of in- 

PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential 
tool. Derivability, completeness, analyticity, 
categoricity and consistency. Prerequisite: 
PLL 102M or permission of instructor. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLL 348 Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and 
the relation of God and world, based on read- 
ings from early Greek philosophy to the present. 
Prerequisite: some background in philosophy 
or religion. 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific expla- 
nation between formal logical analysis and the 
informal, heuristic approach. Analysis of laws 
and theories. Examples from the history of 
science. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary schools of thought in 
moral philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, religious studies, psy- 
chology, literature or related disciplines. 


Physical Education 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political 

Major contemporary schools of thought in po- 
litical philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, political science, history, 
economics, American studies or literature. 

PLL 363 Philosophy of Economics 

Comparison of two competing schools of 
thought in contemporary political economy 
that have developed from classical statements 
of their positions in the works of Adam Smith 
and Karl Marx, and their implications for 
human welfare. Prerequisite: a course in phil- 
osophy, economics, political science, or history. 

PLL 365 Philosophy of History 

Consideration of the meaning of history and 
such questions as: is history leading anywhere? 
does it result in anything genuinely new, or is it 
an "eternal recurrence of the same"? Prere- 
quisite: some background in the humanities. 

PLL 366 Philosophy of Political 

Human needs and social justice, barriers to 
the realization of human dignity and rights, 
relative justifiability of alternate methods of 
social change, case studies in social change. 
Seminar emphasizing extensive student respon- 
sibility. Field experience component. 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 

Intensive investigation of philosophical metho- 
dologies, designed to help students practice 
philosophy in an original manner. Emphasis 
on independent study. Prerequisite: one or 
more upper level philosophy course or per- 
mission of instructor. May be taken more than 
once for credit in order to study different 

KSL 201P The Ancient Tradition I: Homer 
to Plato 

KSL 202P The Ancient Tradition II: 
Empires and Ethics 

KSL 204P Ethics: Human Development 
and the Good Life 

KSL 205P Plato and Aristotle's Science 

For descriptions see Knight Reading 

LTL 30 1 A A Nation of Poets and Thinkers : 
Art and Philosophy in Modern German 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 

LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

For description see Environmental Perspec- 
tive Courses. 


A major in philosophy/religion includes eleven 
courses, five in philosophy, five in religious 
studies, and Philosophy of Religion. The pro- 
gram ordinarily culminates in a Senior thesis. 
Required courses in philosophy are: two from 
PLL 101, 102M, 241S; two from PLL 321, 
322, 323, 324; one other upper-level course. 
Required courses in religious studies are: 
REL 201S; one from REL 203C, 204C; and 
three other upper-level courses. Additional 
upper-level courses in each discipline are re- 
commended, and any change in these require- 
ments must have the approval of faculty of 
both disciplines. 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Investigating physical education as a career. 
Minimum 20 hours in local schools in pre- 
internship program. Personal interview re- 
quired. Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and Skills 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through 
at least one skill. Vigorous exercise program 
for the entire year. Medical clearance required. 
Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching 
today, the role of sports, developing a philo- 
sophy of coaching. Sports programs from youth 
leagues to collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, 
training, sports psychology. 



The following does not carry course credit: 

Lifeguard Training 

Use of rescue equipment, spinal injury manage- 
ment techniques, basic pool maintenance. 
Prerequisite: First Aid and CPR, ability to 
swim 500 yards using crawl, breaststroke, 
elementary bachstroke, etc. Must be minimum 
of 15 years of age. 


For the B.A. degree, students majoring in 
physics normally take the following courses: 
Fundamental Physics I, II, HI, Electronics, 
Classical Mechanics, Electricity and Magne- 
tism, Quantum Physics I, Calculus I, II, III. For 
the B.S. degree, additional courses normally 
included are Quantum Physics II, Differential 
Equations, and Linear Algebra, along with 
Senior Thesis, and General Chemistry I, II. 
The Mathematical Sciences Seminar is re- 
quired in the Junior and Senior years. Stu- 
dents may arrange independent or directed 
study courses in advanced subjects to suit 
their needs. 

An example of a program of courses which 
would lead to a major in physics: 


Calculus I 
Physics I 
Calculus II 
Physics II 


Calculus III 

Physics III 


Differential Equations 



Classical Mechanics 
Chemistry I 

Chemistry II 


Quantum Physics I 

Quantum Physics II 


In addition, physics majors are required to 
enroll in the mathematical sciences seminar 
during their Junior and Senior years. 

Students who major in physics develop com- 
petency in using scientific methodology: in 
creating mathematical models of real-world 
systems, manipulating these models to obtain 
predictions of the system's behavior, and test- 
ing the model's predictions against the observ- 
ed real-world behavior. Mechanical, electro- 
magnetic, thermodynamic, and atomic/molec- 
ular systems are among those with which stu- 
dents become familiar in the building and 
testing of theoretical models. Problem-solving 
and quantitative reasoning are among the skills 
which are developed. 

PHN 209E Our Environment: 
The Universe 

Physical principles and applications which 
help students appreciate the interactions of 
humans with the environment and universe. 
Theories of the origin and evolution of environ- 
ment and glimpses of the future. 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Three course sequence, Fundamental Physics 
I, II, III, presents a contemporary view of con- 
cepts in elementary form. Prerequisite: MAN 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Second of elementary physics sequence. Pre- 
requisite: PHN 241 and MAN 13 1M. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Continuation of elementary physics sequence. 
Prerequisite: 242 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, 
light and geometric optics, superposition and 
polarization of waves, interference and diffrac- 
tion of waves, coherence theory, holography 
and lasers. Prerequisites: MAN 132 and PHN 

PHN 321 Solid Earth Geophysics 

Theory and methods of physics applied to the 
earth. Gravity, magnetic, electrical, seismic, 
and heat flow techniques as they pertain to the 
earth. Prerequisite: PHN 241, 242, MAN 131, 
132, or consent of instructor. MAN 233 recom- 

Political Science 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, 
waves, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formula- 
tions of dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 
and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electricity and Magnetism 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric 
and magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Elec- 
tromagnetic wave theory introduced. Prereq- 
uisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 or permission 
of instructor. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars and 
NAN 438 below. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2 Year Sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring 
in physics and mathematics. For description 
see Mathematics. 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modern quantum theory and relativity. Com- 
parison of classical and quantum results. 
Prerequisite: PHN 243 and permission of in- 

PHN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and appli- 
cation to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles 
introduced with emphasis on low-energy scat- 
tering. Prerequisite: PHN 433 or permission 
of instructor. 

PHN 499 Independent Research — 

Outstanding students majoring in physics nor- 
mally are invited to engage in active research 
and to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior 
comprehensive exam. 

NAN 204 Electronics 

Electronic circuit theory utilizing modern 
electronic techniques and instrumentation. 

NAN 205 Descriptive Astronomy 

Origin and evolution of the solar system, and 
our relationship to the universe. Telescopic 
observation sessions of moon, planets and 

NAN 244E Energy and Environment 

NAN 282E The Long Journey 

For description see Environmental 
Perspective Courses. 


NAN 150 (Directed Study) The 

A non-mathematical study of creation and 
evolution, starting with the Big Bang theory 
and concentrating on the physical universe. 

NAN 151 (Directed Study) The World of 

The creation of life, the evolutionary history of 
the biosphere, and the study of life in com- 
munities provide an overview of life on earth, 
past and present. 

NAN 251 (Directed Study) The Futures of 
Humanity: Worlds of Science Fiction 

Student will gain an awareness of the many 
possible futures which can grow from the 
potentialities already present, through a study 
of science fiction. 


Students majoring in political science affiliate 
with either the Letters or Behavioral Science 
Collegium, depending on their individual career 
or research plans. Both require the comple- 
tion of Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics, and either Intro- 
duction to Comparative Government or Intro- 
duction to International Relations. Beyond 
the two introductory courses, all students must 
complete six additional non-introductory polit- 
ical science course s including at least one from 
each member of the political science faculty. 
All political science majors must also complete 
Statistical Methods and the political science 
Senior Seminar. The typical course sequence 
for political science majors includes the com- 
pletion of two introductory courses in their 
first year, followed by an individually tailored 
set of upper-division courses. Majors ordinarily 
concentrate their upper-division coursework 
in either international affairs or American 

Students with specific career or research in- 
terests not adequately covered by the discip- 
line may substitute one course from another 
discipline for one upper-level political science 


Political Science 

course with prior approval of the political 
science faculty. Students are encouraged to 
use one winter term to explore their career or 
research interests through an appropriate 
internship. With the approval of the political 
science faculty, one winter term internship 
may fulfill a political science major require- 
ment. One winter term project may also be 
accepted toward degree requirements in politi- 
cal science. 

Students choosing to major in political science 
gain fundamental understanding of American 
government, how our governmental system 
compares with other major political systems, 
and how the U.S. interrelates with the rest of 
the world. Majors gain competence in political 
analysis and research skills as well as an under- 
standing of political power, government in- 
stitutions, and international affairs. 

Students may also earn a minor in political 
science with successful completion of POL 
102S, eitherPOB 103C orPOB 104C, and any 
four additional non-introductory courses spread 
across the political science faculty. 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and 
functions, Congress, Supreme Court, federal 
bureaucracy, and several major areas of policy 
making conducted by the national government. 

POB 103C Introduction to International 

National and international political relation- 
ships, origins of war, the international system, 
rich and poor nations and the politics of hunger, 
and alternate concepts to the present system. 

POB 104C Introduction to Comparative 

Issues and analysis of the internal dynamics of 
modern states through examination of Britain, 
France, Germany, USSR and the Third World, 
laying the foundation for further study in 
comparative politics and/or international re- 

POL 202 Public Policy-Making in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making 
process. Formulation of new policies and pro- 
grams, implementation, evaluation of federal 
programs. Policy areas such as unemployment 
and environment. 

POB 21 1C Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and 
changes in U.S. policy toward Latin America 
from Monroe Doctrine to present in Central 
America, from a range of ideological and scho- 
larly perspectives. Prerequisite: POB 103 C, 
and either POL 102S, or POB 104C. 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, 
strategic) faced by policy makers and citizens 
alike. Policies and alternatives that the U.S. 
faces today and into the 1990's. Prerequisite: 
POL 102S and POB 103C or POB 104C or 
permission of instructor. 

POB 221 Politics of Revolution and 

Causes and nature of political violence and 
revolution as related to human behavior theory. 
Theories on causes of revolution, concepts of 
liberation, consequences and responsibilities 
of interstate relations during times of crisis. 
Recommended: POL 102S and either POB 

POB 222 Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in 
politics. Comparative political ideologies such 
as Fascism, Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, 
Communism, Corporatism, Capitalism/Liber- 
alism, domestic and international forms of 

POL 301 The Constitution and Govern- 
ment Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, execu- 
tive and legislative branches of national govern- 
ment, analysis of major constitutional issues, 
of federalism and powers of the states, Supreme 
Court decisions. One lower-division political 
science course recommended. 

POL 302 The Constitution and Individual 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual 
and the government (the Bill of Rights, due 
process, equal protection, privileges and 
immunities, etc.). POL 301 is not prerequisite. 
One lower-division political science course 

Political Science 

POL 303 The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitu- 
tional office, its growth and development from 
Washington to the present. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

POB 304 U.S. Congress 

The U.S. legislative process with major atten- 
tion to the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives. Roles of lawmakers, legislative behavior, 
and representative government in theory and 
fact. One lower- division political science course 

POB 305 Political Parties and Interest 

Party organization and functions at national, 
state and county levels, and other institutions 
and activities competing for party functions. 
One lower-division political science course 

POB 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 
20th century, comparison of political systems 
and people, and future prospects. Prerequisite: 
POL 102S and POB 103C or 104C. 

POB 312 Politics of Underdevelopment 

An introduction to the politics of underde- 
velopment in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 
focusing on the causes and consequences of 

POB 313 Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theo- 
retical requisites of a democratic system, prac- 
tical political/economic implications, examined 
as citizens of both the U.S. and the world. 
Prerequisites: POL 102S and one other polit- 
ical science course. 

POB 32 1C Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, 
major institutions of government, as well as 
culture, history and contemporary political 
problems. POB 104C recommended or in- 
structor's permission. 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century 
authoritarian regimes, including Fascism, 
corporatism, military governments, one-party 
Communist states and personalist dictator- 
ships. A previous poitical science course is 

POB 323 International Relations: 
Theories of War and Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sov- 
ereign states in the contemporary world. Origins 
of war and cold war. Modern characteristics of 
international politics. Prerequisites: POL 102S 
andPOB103C or POB 104C, or permission of 

POB 324 Communist Political Systems 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of 
political systems: U.S.S.R., People's Republic 
of China, Afro-Marxists regimes, non-ruling 
communist parties of Western Europe. Highly 
recommended that students have had either 
POB 103S, 104C, 321C, HIC 244A or PLL 

POB 350 (Directed Study) Florida Politics 

State and local government in U.S., overview 
of Southern politics, problems and issues of 
Florida: rapid growth, race relations, environ- 
ment, voter dealignment, party realignment, 
elections, regional issues and solidarity. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. 
History of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia 
and impact of the Vietnam experience on U.S. 
policy making in the 1980's. Causes of war, 
international mechanisms for conflict resolu- 
tion, comparative development strategies and 
Third World political systems. 

POB 421 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Re- 
lationship among law, society and public policy 
in European, socialist and non-Western sys- 
tems. The inner workings, view of justice, and 
social/cultural development of other civil so- 
cieties. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 



POL 450 (Directed Study) The Supreme 
Court in American Politics 

Internal operations of the U.S. Supreme Court, 
judicial decision-making and behavior, juris- 
diction, structure of court system, Supreme 
Court's role in adjudication of civil rights and 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

For description see International Education, 

KSB 20 IP Power, Authority and Virtue 

For description see Knight Reading 


Students majoring in psychology have the option 
of completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) 
or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree com- 
plete the following: 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learn- 
ing and Cognition, Psychology of Childhood 
and Adolescence, Experimental Psychology, 
Personality Theory and Research, Bio- 
psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Intro- 
duction to Clinical and Counseling Psy- 
chology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree com- 
plete all of the B.A. courses (except Introduction 
to Clinical and Counseling Psychology) plus 
the following: 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and 
Measurements, and either Advanced Per- 
sonality Research or Advanced Social Re- 

Psychology majors also take Statistical 
Methods (required of all students majoring in 
the Behavioral Science Collegium) and the 
Senior Seminar. 

The required courses are arranged in a hier- 
archical and developmental sequence in order 
to avoid redundancy and achieve a high level 
of training during the undergraduate years. 
This sequence is listed on a checklist which 
the student will use with the mentor to plan 
each semester's classes. While providing a 
basic structure to the degree planning, the 
sequence includes adequate flexibility for 
students wishing to participate in the Inter- 
national Education program and those who 


also pursue a second major. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, re- 
search methodologies, research findings, and 
practical applications of the many sub-fields 
within the science and profession of contem- 
porary psychology. Working closely with their 
Mentors, students build on this foundation by 
developing an individualized area of courses 
in a particular specialty which will augment 
their liberal arts psychology background. These 
students acquire the ability to: 

— critique new research findings in psychology. 

— present research findings and theoretical 
systems in oral and written formats. 

— apply theory to real-world problems. 

— evaluate contemporary controversies in the 
field of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire 
the same core foundation as described in the 
B.A. program and build on this foundation 
with a set of experiences in which they acquire 
the following specific research skills: 

— critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

— designing and conducting original research 

— using SPSS x to analyze research data. 

— using microcomputer-based graphics pack- 
ages to prepare professional quality figures 
and graphics. 

— preparing publication quality research re- 
ports in APA format. 

A minor in psychology must include Experi- 
mental Psychology, Psychology of Childhood 
and Adolescence, Human Learning and Cogni- 
tion, Abnormal Psychology, and either Per- 
sonality Theory and Research or Social Psy- 

All courses required for the major or minor 
must be passed with a grade of C or better. 

PSB 101S Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, 
human development, personality, abnormal 
behavior, social processes, values issues in 
research and intervention in human lives. 


PSB 201 Experimental Psychology 

Research methodology, experiments, analysis 
of data. Observational techniques, correlational 
and laboratory methods. Prerequisites: PSB 
lOlSandBEB 160M. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional devel- 
opment from conception to the end of ado- 
lescence. Prerequisite: PSB 101S. 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intel- 
lectual and social changes beyond adoles- 
cence. Prerequisite: PSB 10 IS. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Principles of human learning, thinking, crea- 
tivity, formal reasoning, information process- 
ing, problem solving and memory. Prerequi- 
sites: PSB 101S. 

PSA/HDA 206 Introduction to Clinical 
and Counseling Psychology 

Overview of the helping professions, personal- 
ity theory, human development, processes of 
counseling/therapy, research, self -awareness 
and assessment. Prerequisite: PSB 101S or 
HDA 101, or permission of instructor. 

PSA/EDA 207 Group Dynamics 

For description see Education. 

PSB 221 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the B.S. degree 
in psychology. Acquire skills in designing, 
executing, analyzing and reporting correlation- 
al and experimental research. Prerequisite: 
PSB 201 and BEB 160M. 

PSA/HDA 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

A foundation stone in the human potential 
process, serving therapy, personal growth, 
education, creativity and self-awareness. Pre- 
requisite: PSB 10 IS or permission of instructor. 
Generally offered alternate years. 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environ- 
ment, group influence, past and present con- 
cepts and research. Experimental approach to 
understanding social forces which affect indi- 
viduals. Prerequisites: PSB 101S and BEB 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the 
study of classical and contemporary approaches 
to personality. Prerequisites: PSB 201. 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and 

Reliability, validity, psychological and mea- 
surement assumptions underlying interviews, 
self-report inventories, aptitude tests; major 
instruments and their uses; ethical issues in 
testing. Prerequisite: PSB 221 (or may be taken 

PSA/HDA 309 Abnormal Psychology 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged 
by society to be abnormal, deviant or unac- 
ceptable, using such models for understanding 
as the psychoanalytic, medical, behavioristic 
and humanistic-existential. Prerequisites: PSB 
101S, PSB 206, Junior or Senior standing, or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

The application of neurological and neuro- 
physical principles to understanding such 
phenomena as consciousness, instinct, moti- 
vation, learning, thought, language, memory, 
emotion. Appropriate for Juniors and Seniors 
with backgrounds in psychology or natural 
sciences. Prerequisite: PSB 101S. 

PSB 322 Advanced Social Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research with an emphasis on tech- 
niques (archival research, survey methodology) 
not stressed in the experimental psychology 
sequence. Prerequisites: PSB 221 and 302. 


Religious Studies 

PSB 326 Advanced Personality Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research, stressing content and 
methodology. Fine points of cutting edge in- 
vestigations of personality issues. Prerequisite: 
PSB 221 and 306. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

PSA 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

Psychology studies both behavior and con- 
sciousness. This perspective emphasizes 
consciousness, both normal and altered states. 
Theory, research, practices and new paradigms 
of reality, health and creativity. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB 101S, BEB 160M, PSB 
201 and permission of instructor. 

PSA/HDA 403 Practicum in Peer 

PSA/HDA 405 Practicum in Group 

For descriptions see Human Development. 

PSB 410-A History and Systems 

Senior Seminar for B.S. psychology majors. A 
synthetic overview of the history and major 
theoretical systems of modern psychology. 
Prerequisites: Senior standing and major pre- 
paration in psychology. 

PSB 410-B Senior Seminar in Psychology 

Senior Seminar for B.A. psychology majors. 
Ethical issues, bio-social-psychological pro- 
blems, analyzing, researching, solving. Pre- 
requisite: Senior standing and major prepara- 
tion in psychology. 

PSA/EDA 421 Psychology for Education 

For description see Education. 

PSA/B 499 Independent Research — 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an 
independent study project with one of the 
faculty. Directed research leading to a Senior 
thesis is available by invitation of the faculty 


See Philosophy/Religion. 


Students majoring in religious studies must 
take the basic course, Introduction to Religious 
Studies, and at least two courses from each of 
the following areas: Biblical studies (including 
REL 105, REL 203C, or 204C) historical and 
theological studies (including REL 241), non- 
Western religions (including REC 240C) and 
two additional religious studies courses of the 
student's choice. At least four of the courses 
beyond the introductory course must be 300 
level or above. 

Competency in the religious studies major will 
be determined by successful completion of all 
courses and by comprehensive examinations 
in three specific areas, or thesis. Directed and 
independent study courses may be taken toward 
fulfillment of this major. 

Majors in religious studies should have de- 
veloped the following competencies by the 
time they graduate: 

— familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

— knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows 
the student to converse with ease on sub- 
jects related to the area and make appro- 
priate judgments based on critical study. 

— capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

— ability to relate the beliefs and values of 
religious traditions to specific issues arising 
out of contemporary society. 

— evidence of integrative self -reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious 
effort to synthesize new information and 
insight into a personally meaningful world- 


Religious Education 

Competency in the major is determined by 
successful completion of the courses for the 
major and of the senior requirement, as follows: 

Each student is expected to keep a portfolio of 
papers written for courses in the major. The 
portfolio should include two papers in each of 
the three main fields: Biblical studies; histor- 
ical and theological studies; non-Western re- 
ligions. One of these fields should be chosen 
by the student as the primary focus of study. A 
paper in this chosen area is specially prepared 
for oral presentation to the religious studies 
faculty and interested students. This can be 
either a seventh paper or one of the six course 
papers. The student should do additional work 
on all of the papers before they are submitted 
to the faculty. A comprehensive grade, covering 
portfolio, presentation, and oral response, is 
assigned at the conclusion of an interview in 
which the three faculty members have a chance 
to question the student regarding the portfolio 
and presentation. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take REL 20 IS plus four courses in 
the discipline, subject to the approval of the 
discipline faculty. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentra- 
tion, under the supervision of a three-member 
interdisciplinary faculty committee, requires 
the completion of at least nine courses, includ- 
ing two in Biblical studies (one of which should 
be REL 105, REL 203C, or REL 204C) and 
two in theological and historical studies (in- 
cluding REL 241). The remaining five courses 
are selected from the area of psychology and 
counseling studies and from education. This 
concentration should appeal especially to stu- 
dents contemplating professional careers with 
church and synagogue, and to students who 
wish to work as lay people in religious insti- 

REL 101/102 New Testament Greek 

Vocabulary and syntax of Koine Greek, to a 
level of proficiency adequate for beginning 
study of the New Testament. 

REL 105 Introduction to the Bible 

Biblical history and literary style, other con- 
temporary literature, studied for content, genre, 
historical context, prominent thematic con- 
cerns. Basic principles of biblical criticism as 
preparation for higher-level courses in biblical 
and religious studies. 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 
Studies (Directed Study available) 

Religious experience and ideas as they are 
expressed in such cultural forms as commu- 
nity, ritual, myth, doctrine, ethics, scripture 
and art; synthesizing personal religious ideas 
and values. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 

The culture of ancient Israel, precursor to 
modern Judaism, through a survey of Hebrew 
literature of the Old Testament period. 

REL 204C New Testament Christianity 

An introduction to the world of early Chris- 
tianity, with its Hebraic Greco-Roman back- 
ground, through a survey of Christian literature 
of the first two centuries C.E. 

REL 205 Varieties of Biblical 

Theory and history of biblical interpretation. 
Explore and evaluate various approaches, in- 
cluding feminist, materialistic, psychoanalytic, 
literary-critical, theological interpretations. 

REL 210S Introduction to Christian Ethics 
(Directed Study available) 

Some major figures in the history of Christian 
ethics, with most emphasis on contemporary 
approaches such as Barth, Niebuhr, Gustafson, 
Fletcher, Ramsey, Dussell. Introduction to 
some of most important issues and methods. 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 
(Directed Study available) 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Juda- 
ism and Christianity in American life. The 
uniqueness of the American religious exper- 
ience and its impact on American institutional 


Religious Education 

REC 240C Non-Western Religions 

The founders of non-Western religions, their 
life experiences, religious views and the emer- 
gence of their teachings as coherent systems, 
with comparisons to the Judaeo-Christian 

REL 241 History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Chris- 
tian Church through the past nineteen cen- 
turies. The great theological debates, significant 
issues, and formative thinkers. 

REL 244C Western Religions 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, 
Christianity, Islam. Historical development, 
literature and contributions to the West. The 
Bible and Koran. 

REL 280 Christianity and Contemporary 

How the Christian faith and culture can and 
should relate to each other. Christian faith and 
politics, economics, science and technology, 
the arts, literature and philosophy. 

REL 305 Biblical Exegesis 

Close reading of particular section of the Bible, 
its socio-historical background, literary, theo- 
logical, philological, grammatical and rhetorical 
characteristics. Prerequisite: REL 203C or 
204C or consent of instructor. 

REC 320 The Buddhist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight- 
fold Path, development of Buddhist ideas and 
practices as they spread from India to South 
and East Asia, contrasting Western religious 
views with those of another world religion. 

REC 32 1C Confucian and Taoist Traditions 

Early Chinese views of the world through lit- 
erature and archaeological remains. Recom- 
mended as follow-up to East Asian Area Studies 
for those interested in more detailed study. 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black, feminist, 
and European political liberation theologies 
from earlier forms of theology, their develop- 
ment and contribution to the wider theology, 
and responses to them. 

REL 330 Human Nature and Destiny: A 
Theological Inquiry 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, 
the relationship between the individual and 
society, historicity, purposiveness of human 
life, relationship between humans and nature. 

REL/LIL 342A The Art of Biblical 

The poetry, prophecy, law, drama, short story, 
proverbs, parables and epistles in one of the 
world's greatest collections of religious liter- 

REL 361 Contemporary Christian 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers 
of the 20th century including Barth, Bultmann, 
Tillich, Niebuhr, Buber, Kung and Moltmann. 

REC 370 The Zen Phenomenon 

The origins, development of thought, distinc- 
tive practices, impact on Japanese culture, 
and viability outside the Oriental context of 

REL 380 God and Self-Understanding 

The problem of knowing and talking about 
God, the effect of the idea of God on under- 
standing ourselves, and the development and 
significance of the Christine doctrine of the 
Trinity, historically and today. 

REC 386E The Human Environment: 
Religious and Ethical Perspectives 

The role of religious values in coping with such 
environmental concerns as population, food 
and energy shortages, natural resources deple- 
tion, and pollution, along with alternate life 

REL 401 Internship in Religious 

Supervised, field-based experience in church 
work, with a minimum of 150 hours on-site 
experience. Permission of instructor required. 

REL 440 Biblical Theology 

The central ideas and themes of the Old and 
New Testaments as a means of moving inside 
Jewish and Christian theological traditions. 
Prerequisite: one college-level course in Bible. 


Russian Studies 

REL 441 New Testament Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 

Research seminar on ethical/theological prin- 
ciples in the New Testament on such issues as 
sexuality, race, war, peace, revolution, non- 
violence, poverty, environment, social justice, 
church and state. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

REL 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on 
Christianity, but principles have broader im- 
plications. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective Courses 

KSL 203P Search for Transcendent Order 

KSL 206P Truth and Narrative 

For descriptions see Knight Reading 


CRA 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers at 
Eckerd College, beginning in autumn term. 
Communication, paraprofessional counseling, 
crisis intervention, conflict resolution, leader- 
ship training. 


The major in Russian studies integrates the 
study of the Russian language with Russian 
history, literature and contemporary Russian 
reality. Students must complete at least two 
years of college level Russian, and finish five 
courses dealing specifically with Russia: two 
in Russian history, two in Russian literature, 
and one in Russian Area Studies. Each student 
must also choose a field of specialization within 
Russian studies (usually language, literature, 
history, or social studies) consisting of at least 
four courses in addition to those listed above. 
When appropriate, these courses may be in- 
dependent studies, and/or thesis preparation. 
All students have an oral examination covering 
their entire program, in addition to the com- 

prehensive exam in a field of specialization or 
a thesis. 

Students interested in the major should begin 
immediately with the study of the Russian 
language. The entry level course to the major 
is Russian Area Studies. Additional courses 
are offered in Russian. 

Students who complete the Russian studies 
major demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of the Russian language includ- 
ing an understanding of its grammatical 
structure and the acquisition of basic vo- 

— understanding of Russian history from its 
roots in Kievan Russia to the dramatic 
events of the 1990's. 

— knowledge of Russian writers and the great 
works of Russian literature of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. 

— understanding of contemporary Russian and 
former Soviet political and social structures, 
cultural patterns, and relationships with 
the outside world as they relate to the 
present, and the probable future path of 
Russian development. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any 
four courses in Russian studies. 

RUC 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, 
reading and writing grammatical and conver- 
sational patterns of modern Russian. 

RUC 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Review and completion of basic Russian 
grammar, and continued work on conversa- 
tional skills. Prerequisite: RUC 101/2. 

RUC/LIC 232 Russian Classics in 

Representative works of 19th century Russian 
writers including Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, 
Turgenev, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and Chekhov. 
Offered alternate years. 

RUC/LIC 234 20th Century Russian 
Literature in Translation 

Literary and political factors in the develop- 
ment of Russian literature since the Russian 
Revolution of 1917. 


Sea Semester 

The following two courses are taught in 


RUC 301 Introduction to Russian 

Literature and Culture 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to Solzhe- 
nitsyn. Prerequisite: two years of college Rus- 
sian. Offered alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Russian Society 

Family, education, youth organizations, eco- 
nomic pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, 
etc. Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. 
Offered alternate years. 

CUC 283C Russian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural 

For further courses see History, Philosophy, 
Political Science and Cross-Cultural Per- 


An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific 
and practical experience leading to a realistic 
understanding of the sea, sponsored by the 
Sea Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester 
(the six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six-week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. The program 
may be begun at any of six times during the 
year. Eckerd College tuition and scholarship 
aid often can be applied toward the cost of Sea 
Semester and additional aid may be available 
from S.E. A. For more information, contact the 
Office of International Education and Off- 
Campus Programs or Prof. John Ferguson. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed 
below. Students from any major may apply 
and this satisfies the Environmental Perspec- 
tive requirement. 

SMN 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of 
the global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester 
of a college laboratory course in a physical or 
biological science or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, litera- 
ture and art of our maritime heritage, and the 
political and economic problems of contem- 
porary maritime affairs. 

SMN 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construc- 
tion, marine engineering systems and the 
physics of sail. 

SMN 304 Practical Oceanography I 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools 
and techniques of the practicing oceanogra- 

SMN 305 Practical Oceanography II 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 


Capstone Senior seminars are offered within 
the collegium or discipline of the student's 
major, focusing on the search for solutions to 
important issues that students are likely to 
confront during their lifetimes. These seminars, 
required for Seniors, may be considered as 
part of the student's major. 

ECB 410 The History of Economic Thought 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

For description see Management. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 410-A History and Systems 

For B.S. psychology majors. 


Senior Seminars 

PSB410-B Senior Seminar in Psychology 

For B.A. psychology majors. 
For description see Psychology. 

SLB 410 History of Social Thought 

For description see Sociology. 


CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

(Directed Study available by academic petition) 

Various aspects of creativity in the arts. Choices 
within limitations (such as censorship), craft, 
group interactions, and practical aspects of 
the work world. 

EDA 410 Issues, Involvement, Integrity 

For description see Education. 

HDA 410 S elf-Esteem 

For description see Human Development. 

WWA 410 Writing Workshop Senior 

For description see Creative Writing. 


ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

For description see Anthropology. 

CUC 410 Comparative Cultures Senior 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in World Trade 

For description see International Business. 


LTL 410 Letters Senior Seminar 

Examination from an interdisciplinary point 
of view of the intellectual, political, cultural 
and social changes in this century, and of the 
attempts to formulate new paradigms of know- 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

For description see Women's and Gender 


NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

Students will receive one course credit for 
participation in Junior and Senior year dis- 
cipline seminars, and the joint collegium-wide 
seminars during the Senior year, alternating 
weekly between discipline and collegium-wide 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an organized perspective on some 
aspect of human social behavior in order to 
enhance the student's ability to function as an 
effective, responsible and caring member of 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

ANC 305S Culture and Personality 

For description see Anthropology. 

CRA 387S Jung, Myth and Lifestyles 

Interdisciplinary course combining literature, 
personality theory and Jungian psychology, 
presents to students psychological and lit- 
erary theories of myth and explores how the 
understanding of myth gives insights into 
human nature. 

CSN 210S Computers and Society 

For description see Computer Science. 

ECB 281S Principles of Microeconomics 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

ECB 301S Leadership: the Human Side of 

For descriptions see Economics. 

EDA/HDA 202S Human Development: 
Culture and Identity 



EDA 337S Images of Schools in Films 

For descriptions see Education. 

HDA/EDA 202S Human Development: 
Culture and Identity 

HDA 269S Leisure and Lifestyles 

HDA 386S Ethical Issues in Human 

For descriptions see Human Development. 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIC 23 IS Revolutions in the Modern 

HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement 

For descriptions see History. 

LIA 267S Literature of Healing and Dying 

For description see Literature. 

LTL 200S American Values: Derivation, 
Practice and Principles 

Attend weekly ASPEC lectures, participate in 
colloquey with speakers and Academy mem- 
bers, and then meet in seminar session to 
conclude each lecture day's academic work. 
Topics will vary from semester to semester. 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

MNB 275S The Sex Role Revolution in 

MNB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 

For descriptions see Management. 

PLL 241S Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

For description see Political Science. 

PS B 10 IS Introduction to Psychology 
PSA 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

For descriptions see Psychology. 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 

REL 2 10S Introduction to Christian Ethics 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

SLB 10 IS Introduction to Sociology 

SLB 38 IS Racial and Cultural Relations 

For descriptions see Sociology. 

WGL 20 IS Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

For description see Women's and Gender 

See also Knight Reading Seminars. 

Students of sociology are required to complete 
a core of five course requirements with a mini- 
mum of C grade in each course. SLB 101S 
Introduction to Sociology provides the 
foundation of theoretical perspectives, re- 
search methods, and substantive areas of in- 
vestigation that are shared across the discipline. 
BEB 160M Statistical Methods instructs 
students in the techniques of quantitative data 
analysis. In SLB 260 Qualitative Methods 
and SLB 360 Research Design, students 
develop an advanced understanding of research 
methodologies that includes application to real 
world social issues. SLB 410 The History of 
Social Thought elaborates sociological theory 
in an intensive examination of perspectives for 
explaining social behavior. In addition to the 
five core requirements, students select six soci- 
ology electives toward completion of the eleven 
courses in the major. It is also possible for the 
student to focus the six electives on specializa- 
tion in criminal justice or social interaction. 
Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methodologies to the study of diverse aspects 
of human conduct. Theories of human behavior 
are tested and developed through the collection 
and analysis of empirical evidence. The discip- 
line strives to provide students with perspec- 
tives and methods that may be applied to under- 
standing a broad range of social phenomena. 



BEB 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Behavioral Science 

SLB 101S Introduction to Sociology 

The study of degrees of agreement and dis- 
agreement among groups, organizations, insti- 
tutions, etc., which exist in society, and what 
produces levels of agreement. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses 
of relationship between human self-conscious- 
ness and socialization. Each human being is 
unique, but each's sense of self is shaped by 
others. Prerequisite: SLB 101S. 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through exam- 
ination of the collective nature of human be- 
havior, the function of values and normative 
patterns, and social conflict over values and 
resources. Prerequisite: SLB 101S. 

SLB 224 Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the 
historical transition of ideas about crime, types 
of crime such as street level, organized, cor- 
porate, government; the measurement of crime 
and criminal deterrence. 

SLB 235 Deviance 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homo- 
sexuality, mental illness, prostitution, child 
abuse, drug addiction and rape. Prerequisite: 
SLB 101S. 

SLB/MNB 251 Work and Occupations 
SLB/MNB 252 Evaluation Research 

For descriptions see Management. 

SLB 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and 
analysis of human conduct and experience. 
Hands-on experience in field research methods 
and sociological inquiry. Prerequisite: SLB 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, 
public attitudes toward crime, discretionary 
power of police, capital punishment, adjust- 
ments after prison release. 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, 
child and family services, legal services, special 
education, working a minimum of ten hours a 
week at the agency. Prerequisites: at least 
Sophomore standing and permission of in- 

SLB 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, 
spouses, parents, kin examined. Ways in which 
family and work life interact. Dynamic changes 
in American family structure, and the modern 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior 
in public places. The nature of deference and 
demeanor, tension between individuality and 
social structure, rules governing involvement, 
normal appearances, and role distance. Pre- 
requisite: BEB 160M and SLB 260. 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 

For description see Management. 

SLB 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social 
science research, critical evaluation of research 
evidence, designing and administering a group 
survey project. Prerequisite: BEB 160M. 

SLB/MNB 371 Organizational Behavior 
and Leadership 

For description see Management. 

SLB 38 IS Racial and Cultural Relations 

How racial and ethnic identity influence one's 
chances for health, education, work and suc- 
cess. Main focus is on black/white relations 
since the end of slave trading. Prerequisite: 
SLB 101S. 



SLB/MNB 405 Human Ecology 

For description see Management. 

SLB 410 History of Social Thought 

Senior seminar for sociology majors. Concepts, 
approaches and orientations that have played 
a part in shaping the nature of sociology, and 
ideas during the 19th and 20th centuries as 
sociology matured. 

SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manu- 
factured such that it becomes a force external 
to the dynamics which produced it. Primary 
frameworks, the anchoring of activity, legiti- 
mation, internalization, selective attention, 
typification. Prerequisite: SLB 135 and 260. 

SLB/MNB 451 Technology and Society 

SLB/MNB 472 Organizational Dynamics 

SLB/MNB 482 Proctoring in Organiza- 
tional Behavior 

For descriptions see Management. 

KSB 202P Sociology of Knowledge 

For description see Knight Reading 


See Modern Languages. 


BEB 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Behavioral Science. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

For description see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given to a student for only 
one of the above courses, but not both. 


The theatre program has two important func- 
tions: to provide the serious and talented 
theatre student with the theoretical, historical 
and practical fundamentals of the field; and to 
serve as a cultural resource for the college and 
community. Therefore, anyone is encouraged 
to join the creative efforts on-stage and back- 
stage, whether student, staff or townsperson. 

The academic requirements for theatre majors 
are 14 courses in the area which will include 
the following core program: The Human In- 
strument, Basic Acting, Stagecraft, Theatre 
Projects (two semesters), History of Drama (two 
semesters), Theatre Beyond Literature, and 
Senior Project. 

Suggested programs for performance or tech- 
nical emphasis: 


The Human Instrument 
Basic Acting 
Dance I (performance) 
Stage Lighting (technical) 
Living Theatre (alternate) 



Theatre Projects 

Character and Scene Study (performance) 

Scenography (technical) 



Dance II 

Musical Theatre 

The Lively Arts in London (winter term 



History of Drama I and II 

Lighting Design 

Theatre Internship 

Directing (performance or technical) 



Scene Design 

Costume Design 

Seminar in Theatre 


Theatre Projects 

Theatre Beyond Literature 

Ensemble Acting (performance) 

Senior Project 


Lighting Design 

Advanced Acting 

Advanced Directing 



Each student is expected to concentrate on a 
major creative work as a Senior project. Some 
time should be spent away from campus on an 
apprenticeship in study at a major theatre 
center (generally London), or on a special 
summer program of participation in the per- 
formance arts. The American Stage Company 
is based in St. Petersburg and provides pro- 
fessional resources for the theatre program. 

Students majoring in theatre are expected to 
develop the following knowledge and skills: 

— acting and movement skills; for majors with 
emphasis in performance (acting/directing), 
additional in-depth knowledge and skills in 
one area, such as dance, singing. 

— technical and backstage skills; for majors 
with emphasis in production, additional 
knowledge and skill in one area, such as 
sound, carpentry, costuming. 

— functions and responsibilities of profes- 
sional theatre staff. 

— knowledge of 100 plays, two-thirds classical, 
one-third modern, and twenty-five one act 

— knowledge of major Western historical 
periods and at least one Eastern theatre 

— names of important theatrical innovators, 
past and present, one source reference book 
in each major theatrical field, major pro- 
fessional theatre organizations and unions, 
theatrical supply houses and leasing agents 
for plays, and good graduate schools in the 
area of emphasis. 

A minor in theatre requires six courses, of 
which at least two are at the 200 level or 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the 
body, voice, movement, energy, sensory aware- 
ness, mind, and psyche through a wide range 
of exercises. 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic consider- 
ations of the theatre arts, along with perfor- 
mance and theatre technology. Class critiques 
of dramatic productions on campus. Short 
scenes performed in class. 

THA 161 Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for construct- 
ing the stage picture. Theatre terms, use of 
hand and power tools, set construction, scene 
painting, special effects and new products. 

THA 162 Stage Lighting 

Basic principles and procedures for electricity 
and stage lighting. Instruments, terminology, 
wiring, drawing light plots, lamps, dimmers, 
lighting control equipment. 

THA 163 Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting excercises and 
scene work. Introduction to several approaches 
to the craft of acting: Stanislavski, Cohen, 
Hagen, Koch, Grotowski. THA 101 recom- 

THA 1/2/366 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and 
production. Completion of three units chosen 
from: production (lights, publicity, costumes, 
sound, scenery, props, makeup, management) 
and performance (audition repertory, touring, 
main-stage, studio, choreography). May be 
repeated for credit. 

THA 176 Dance I 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement 
vocabulary. A study of dance history. Active 
technique class, with performing opportunity. 

THA 202 Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvi- 
sation and theatre games. Should be viewed as 
a "laboratory" course. Students work with tech- 
niques developed by a variety of theatrical 
innovators, with emphasis on controlled crea- 
tivity. Permission of instructor required. 

THA/LIL 236/7 History of Drama I, II 

For description see Literature. 

THA 250 (Directed Study) Video 

For description see THA 261A. 



THA 261 A Video Practicum 

Introduction to video camera and recording 
equipment, basic composition of the video 
picture, taping live action and performance, 
and the capabilities of video as a medium. 
Students must own a video camera and secure 
access to editing equipment through EC-TV. 

THA 263 Characterization and Scene 

Character development, concentrating on role 
analysis, motivation, inter-character relation- 
ships, and incorporating improvisational re- 
hearsal techniques. Participation in campus 
production expected. May be repeated for 
credit. Prerequisite: THA 163 or permission 
of instructor. 

THA 266 Theatre Projects 

For description see THA 1/2/366. 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

History and performance technique of the 
musical, America's unique contribution to 
theatrical arts. Derivation and stylistic devel- 
opment of the form; artistic aspects of per- 
formance through laboratory production of 

THA 270 Scenography 

Principles for creating the entire theatre envi- 
ronment: scenery, lighting, and costume. The- 
atre as art, the scenographic process, working 
drawings, painting and lighting techniques. 

THA 276 Dance II 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance 
composition. Active technique class, dance 
composition projects, and performing oppor- 
tunity. Prerequisites: Dance I or previous 
experience and permission of instructor. 

THA 303 Ensemble Theatre 

Advanced work with improvisation and group- 
theatre. Development of performable work 
through improvisation. Should be viewed as a 
"laboratory" course. May be repeated for 
credit. Permission of instructor required. 

THA 322A Communication Arts and 

The principles, values, forms and effects of 
persuasive public communication. Film and 
videotape examples. Experience in analysis, 
reasoning, evidence and organization of the 
persuasive speech. Not open to Freshmen. 

THA 361 Costume Design 

The elements, design and construction of stage 
costuming. The designer's role, costume per- 
iods. Fabrics, sketching, rendering and re- 
search. Each student will produce three major 
designs. Students are expected to develop 
basic sewing skills. 

THA 362 Scene Design 

Play analysis and research for creating scenic 
designs. Drawings, ground plans, renderings, 
model making. Each student will produce four 
major designs. Prerequisite: THA 161. 

THA/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

For description see Literature. 

THA 363 Lighting Design 

Theory and practice of various styles of stage 
lighting. Hanging and focusing instruments, 
light plots, instrument and dimmer schedules. 
Light boards, color media, electricity. Each 
student will produce four major designs. Pre- 
requisite: THA 162. 

THA 366 Theatre Projects 

For description see THA 1/2/366. 

THA 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship 
basis. May be repeated for credit. Permission 
of instructor required. 

THA 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories 
and techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal 
process, organizational procedures from script 
to production. Productions provide menu for 
Lunchbox Theatre Series. Prerequisite: THA 
163 or equivalent experience. 


Western Heritage 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning with 
basic elements of movement and culminating 
in a student work. Performing opportunity. 
Prerequisites: Dance II, or previous experience 
and permission of instructor. 

THA 382A Theatre Beyond Literature 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values 
in Eastern and Western culture, and the forces 
that contributed to the development of various 
styles of presentation in each distinct historical 
period, with a key script from each period. 

THA 450 (Directed Study) Alternative 

Exploration of major types of non-traditional 
theatre forms of the past 30 years, and pro- 
duction techniques appropriate to those 
forms. Permission of instructor. 

THA 499 Senior Project 

Theatre majors are required to submit, in the 
second semester of the Junior year, a proposal 
for a project in their area of emphasis. The 
proj ect, to be completed in the Senior year, is a 
synthesis of the student's academic and prac- 
tical experience, and an opportunity to demon- 
strate knowledge and evaluate the final project. 
Some possible choices are acting, directing, 
design and playwriting. A three-member facul- 
ty committee evaluates the final project. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 


See Art. 

THA 465 Special Projects in Design 

Execution of a scene, lighting or costume design 
for a major full-length production or series of 
one-act plays. Prerequisite: THA 361, 362 or 
363 or permission of instructor. May be re- 
peated for credit. 

THA 466 Advanced Acting Styles 

Greek, Roman, Medieval, Commedia, Shake- 
spearean, Restoration, Naturalistic and Mo- 
dern acting styles: movement, timing, language, 
rhythm. Daily scene work, research in each 
period, play readings, final performance in 
each style. Prerequisite: THA 163 or consent 
of instructor. 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Performance of a major role in a full length 
play, or of several smaller roles, accompanied 
by an in-depth study of various tactics for 
characterization, applicable to the role in 
question. May be repeated for credit. Pre- 
requisite: THA 266, or permission of instructor. 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period 
or modern piece. Each director prepares at 
least two examples for an audience. Critique 
discussions. Prerequisite: THA 372. 


WHF 181 Western Heritage I 

The first course in general education intro- 
duces values through the study of the Sumer- 
ian, Greek, Roman and Medieval worlds, using 
masterworks of Western civilization. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage II 

Exploring the Renaissance, the Enlighten- 
ment, the 19th and 20th centuries, through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplish- 
ments, and other major intellectual endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183C U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A con- 
temporary view of the U.S. and a limited survey 
of its past, size and diversity. Required for all 
degree-seeking international students. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage (Honors) 

The Freshman course for students in the 
Honors Program. Students meet weekly for 
the academic year and are awarded a course 
credit. Admission is by application to the 
Honors Program Director. 


Women's and Gender Studies 


Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure. 


Women's and gender studies is an interdis- 
ciplinary major exploring the creation, meaning 
and perpetuation of gender in human societies, 
both past and present. It is also an inquiry into 
women's material, cultural and economic pro- 
duction, their collective undertakings and self- 
descriptions. The women's and gender studies 
major seeks to provide opportunities for: 

— acquiring breadth of learning and integra- 
ting knowledge across academic disciplines. 

— developing an understanding and respect 
for the integrity of self and others. 

— learning to communicate effectively. 

— developing the knowledge, abilities, appre- 
ciation and motivations which are liberating 
men and women. 

— serious encounters with the values dimen- 
sions of individual growth and social inter- 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies 
in bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, 
close reading of texts, creative problem solving, 
small group communication, oral communica- 
tion, and expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender stu- 
dies take a minimum of ten courses including 
WGL 2 1 S and WGL 4 1 and eight additional 
courses in three disciplines in consultation 
with their Mentors. Five of these courses must 
be at the 300 level or above. Majors must 
successfully pass a Senior comprehensive 
examination or, if invited by the faculty, write 
a Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, 
students take five courses including WGL 20 IS 
and WGL 410. Three of the five courses must 
be at the 300 level or above. WGL 410 does 
not replace the collegial or discipline 
Senior Seminar for students who are 
minoring in women's and gender studies. 

WGL 20 IS Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical 
construction of gender and gender roles from 
an interdisciplinary perspective. Human gender 
differences, male and female sexualities, re- 
lationship between gender, race and class. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the inter- 
disciplinary work of the major. Students work 
in collaborative research groups to read and 
critique each others work and produce a pre- 
sentation that reflects interdisciplinary views 
on a women/gender issue. Focus on methodol- 
ogies of the various disciplines and on research 

Descriptions of the following courses in the 
major are found in the disciplinary listings: 


AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 


ANC 208 Human Sexuality 


FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 


HIL 321 Women in Modern America: The 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 


HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender 


HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 



LIL 305A Woman as Metaphor 
LIL 312 Literature by Women 
LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 


Writing Workshop 

LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary Theory 


PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

PLL 331/2 Philosophy of Gender 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodology: Feminist Theory 


PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 


REL 205 Varieties of Biblical 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

REL 441 New Testament Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 

REL 361 Contemporary Christian Thought 


SLB 326 The Family 

The following courses are currently being 
developed: Gender and Economics, The Gen- 
dered Critique of Rhetoric, Women in Cross 
Cultural Perspectives, Spanish Women Writers. 


See Creative Writing. 





Autumn term is a three-week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one 
academic project, plus orientation, testing, 
and registration. New students choose from 
among fifteen or more courses offered by the 
professors who thus become their Mentors 
(advisers) and their Western Heritage instruc- 
tors for the Freshman year. Typical autumn 
term offerings in recent years have included 
Women and Fiction, Food in History, Geology 
of Beaches, The Computer: Slave or Master, 
Health Psychology, and The Sociology of Sex 
Roles. See the autumn term brochure available 
from Foundations or Admissions. 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for 
international students) 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, 
American literature, health care, legal matters, 
sports, working, education, religion, politics, 
improving language skills. Resource people, 
field trips. Daily journal, analytical papers, 
final project reflecting autumn term exper- 


Winter term provides the opportunity for 
study concentrated on a single topic. Neither 
regular semester nor directed study courses 
are taken as winter term projects. Off -campus 
independent study proj ects may be taken only 
by students above Freshman standing for whom 
the off-campus location is essential to the nature 
of the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure, available about 
June 1 of each year. The winter term brochure 
contains complete information on registration 
and other procedures related to winter term. 
Additions and corrections to the winter term 
projects listing are published early in the fall 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd Col- 
lege during the winter term, the following is a 
list of project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in 
the Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and 

Deviance; Psychology and Medicine; Opera- 
tion Enterprise (American Management As- 
sociation); Management in the Year 2000; 
Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: Now 
and the Future; The Economics of Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Ex- 
pository Writing; The South in American 
History; The Art of Biography; The New 
Religions; Perspectives on Violence; Florida's 
Exotic Plant Life; The Basics of Color Photo- 
graphy; Mathematical Modeling; Computer 
Project; Chemistry, The Environment and the 

Off-Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A 
Cultural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: 
Geophysics of Volcanoes in Hawaii; Inter- 
national Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman 
Islands); The Dry Tortugas Expedition on the 
Brig Unicorn; The Art and Architecture of 
Renaissance Florence and Venice; Mexico: 
Language and/or Culture; Shapes of the Land 
of Enchantment (New Mexico). 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not 
viewed as restricted to the classroom. The col- 
lege cherishes the freedom that students exper- 
ience in the college community and in the 
choices they make concerning their own per- 
sonal growth. At the same time, each student, 
as a member of a Christian community of 
learners, is expected to contribute to this com- 
munity and to accept and live by its values and 
standards: commitment to truth and excellence; 
devotion to knowledge and understanding; 
sensitivity to the rights and needs of others; 
belief in the inherent worth of all human beings 
and respect for human differences; contempt 
for dishonesty, prejudice and destructiveness. 
Just as Eckerd intends that its students shall 

be competent givers throughout their lives, 
it expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just 
as Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in 
the vitality and integrity of the college com- 

As an expression of willingness to abide by 
these standards every student upon entering 
Eckerd College is expected to sign a promise 
to uphold the statement of Shared Commit- 
ment that guides student life on campus. For a 
full decription of the Shared Commitment, 
see page 4. 



St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, 
and St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater 
together form a metropolitan area of over one 
million people with all the services and cultural 
facilities of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art mu- 
seums, symphony orchestras, and professional 
theatre, in addition to road show engagements 
of Broadway plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice 
shows, and other attractions for a full range of 

The St. Louis Cardinals baseball team main- 
tains headquarters in St. Petersburg for spring 
training, and there are major golf and tennis 
tournaments in the area. Professional football 
fans can follow the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 
and professional soccer fans, the Tampa Bay 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing 
races are held every year, as well as many 
regattas for sail and power boats. Fine public 
beaches on the Gulf of Mexico are within bi- 
cycling distance of the Eckerd College campus, 
as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical 
climate with a normal average temperature of 
73.5 degree F. and annual rainfall of 51.2 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest 
tip of the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is 
located, Eckerd's campus is large and un- 
crowded — 267 acres with over 1V4 miles of 
waterfront on Boca Ciega Bay and French- 
man's Creek. There are three small lakes on 
the campus, and the chapel is on an island in 
one of them. The 66 air-conditioned buildings 
were planned to provide a comfortable envi- 
ronment for learning in the Florida climate. 
Professors and students frequently forsake their 
classrooms and gather outdoors in the sunshine 
or under a pine tree's shade. Outdoor activities 
are possible all year; cooler days during the 
winter are not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has eight residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommo- 
date 34-36 students. Most of the student resi- 
dences overlook the water. Each house has a 
student Resident Adviser who is available for 
basic academic or personal counseling and is 

generally responsible for the house operation. 
Residence houses are self-governed. 


Activities, projects, and programs developed 
and financed in the student sector are managed 
by the Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS), whose membership consists of all 
matriculating students, full and part-time, at 
Eckerd. Each year, ECOS is responsible for the 
allocation of student fees for co-curricular 


Eckerd believes that student life should be as 
full and rich as possible, both inside and outside 
of the classroom. We provide a broad range of 
campus activities — and if you cannot find 
something that suits your interests, we encour- 
age you to start a new group of your own. Your 
free time can be as interesting and rewarding 
as you want to make it. 


The College Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities in- 
clude a snack bar, gameroom, conversation 
lounge, seven foot television, and Pub. The 
College Center provides the opportunity for 
student directed programs and committees to 
develop activities and services for the Eckerd 


The College Program Series, jointly planned 
by students, faculty and administration, is 
designed to enhance the intellectual, religious 
and cultural life of the college community 
through bringing well known scholars, artists 
and distinguished Americans to the campus 
each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists, 
and is a co-sponsor of the annual Black Sym- 
posium and Black History week. 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor 
a number of events throughout the year. There 
are student and faculty recitals, programs from 
the concert choir and chamber ensemble, 


exhibitions by student and faculty artists, 
dance performances, and a series of plays 
produced by the theatre workshops. 


Publications are funded by the Student Associ- 
ation and fully controlled by the students 
themselves. Student media include the Triton 
Tribune, the student newspaper, WECR, the 
campus radio station, EC-TV, the campus tele- 
vision station; The Siren, a literary magazine 
featuring artwork, prose, and poetry by mem- 
bers of the entire campus community; The 
EC-Book, the student handbook, and a year 


If there is enough student interest to form a 
club, one may easily be chartered. Organiza- 
tions which have been student-initiated include 
the Afro-American Society, Biology Club, 
Circle K, College Bowl Society, International 
Students, Pre-Law Club, Big Brothers/Big 
Sisters, the Triton Sailing, Waterskiing and 
Boardsailing Teams, and Athletic Boosters. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, 
faculty and staff. The program provides religious 
activities in a Christian context and assists 
individuals and groups of other religious per- 
suasions to arrange their own activities. Worship 
services, special speakers and emphasis weeks, 
small group studies, service projects and fel- 
lowship activities are provided through the 
program. The Chaplain serves as minister to 
students, faculty and staff, is available for 
counseling or consultation, and works closely 
with the Student Affairs staff to enhance the 
quality of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are en- 
couraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of your educa- 
tional experience. We believe that personal 
growth and community life are significantly 
strenghtened by encounter with the claims of 
the Christian faith and the values of the Judaeo- 
Christian tradition. 


Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the south- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting recrea- 
tional opportunities on the campus. The facil- 
ities, located on Frenchman's Creek, include a 
new Waterfront Activities Center which houses 
offices, classrooms, a communication center, 
restrooms, and gear storage rooms. Additional 
facilities include boathouse, support buildings, 
docks, ramp, maintenance hoist, fishing, snor- 
keling, and competitive waterskiing equipment, 
a fleet of sailboats, canoes, sailboards, and a 
Correct Craft Ski Nautique. If you own a boat, 
you can arrange to store or dock it here. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is 
the community member's ability to use the 
facilities without membership in a formal club 
or organization. There are, however, many clubs 
and teams sponsored by the Waterfront for 
those interested. The Triton Sailing Team 
sails in sloop and single-hand competitions 
against schools from North Carolina through 
Florida in SAISA (the South Atlantic Inter- 
collegiate Sailing Association), while the Triton 
Boardsailing Team competes in regattas both 
in and out of the collegiate circuit. Members of 
the Triton Waterski Team compete in trick, 
slalom, and jump events against schools through- 
out the Southern Conference. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organ- 
izations is Eckerd College Search and Rescue 
(EC-SAR) which is a highly trained group of 
students and alumni who provide maritime 
search and rescue services to the Tampa Bay 
boating community. Working closely with the 
U.S. Coast Guard and many local and state 
agencies, members give a high level of dedica- 
tion, skill and commitment to public service 
and have received many national and local 
awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all 
levels on both small sloops and larger sailboats. 
Normal class offerings include beginning and 
intermediate sailing, boardsailing, and scuba 
diving which is arranged through an area dive 
shop. Informal dockside instruction is offered 
during the afternoons by waterfront staff and 



There will be times during your college career 
when you will want advice. For academic advice 
the place to start is with your Mentor or with 
any of your professors. You are welcome to 
seek the counsel of any administrator in Student 
Affairs or elsewhere. The Counseling Center 
provides both individual and group counseling 
for students who are experiencing personal 
problems or would like to improve their level 
of personal well-being. Counseling may provide 
support for individual growth, improving skills 
in handling relationships, and exploring stress 
management techniques. The Counseling Center 
is staffed with two part-time psychologists 
capable of skilled listening, understanding and 
assistance. For further clarification of counseling 
services, please refer to The EC-Book. 


Eckerd's medical service is a member of the 
American College Health Association and dir- 
ected by a physician who is at the Health Center 
two hours every Monday through Friday. A 
registered nurse is on duty 8 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., 

Monday through Friday. Students in need of 
treatment after these hours contact their 
Resident Advisers or Campus Security for 
assistance, or go directly to a hospital emer- 
gency room, or call 911 if emergency care is 
needed. Medicine may be charged to the stu- 
dent's account. The college notifies parents 
when community hospitalization is necessary, 
with the consent of the student. 

All students must file an official health form as 
part of the admissions procedure. Treatment 
in the Health Center may not be available until 
this form is received. All students must have 
health insurance coverage in order to be en- 
rolled in the college. They must either show 
proof of insurance or sign up for the student 
insurance plan available to them through the 
college for a fee. 

More detailed information about health ser- 
vices programs is available in the Health Center. 



As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd 
supports a number of programs in this field. 
Visits to the campus give minority students 
who are considering Eckerd College a chance 
to view the college, visit the faculty, live in the 
residence halls, and talk with other students. 

The Afro-American Society helps plan a 
full range of programs for its members and the 
campus community, including Black History 
Month. The office of Minority Student Affairs 
is available to provide assistance for any special 
needs of minority students. 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of 
age, or who live with their family are provided 
with campus post office boxes to receive 
communications. Opportunities for participa- 
tion in campus sports, activities, cultural 
events, and student government (ECOS), are 
available to day students and are coordinated 
and communicated by the Day Student Pro- 
gram. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Campus Security staff. 



Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a 
full intercollegiate schedule in baseball, bas- 
ketball, cross country, golf, soccer and tennis. 
Women's intercollegiate sports include bas- 
ketball, cross country, golf, Softball, tennis and 
volleyball. Cross country and golf are co-edu- 
cational sports. The college is a member of the 
Sunshine State Conference, and both men and 
women play NCAA Division II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competi- 
tion among houses. Day students compete with 
house teams. All students are eligible to par- 
ticipate in the wide range of intramural activ- 
ities, which include football, softball, soccer, 
volleyball, basketball, tennis, billiards, table 
tennis, street hockey, bowling and chess. In 
addition, sports clubs may be organized around 
swimming, sailing and canoeing. The McArthur 
Physical ELducation Center houses locker 
rooms, Physical Education faculty offices, two 
basketball courts, a weight room, four bad- 
minton courts, and three volleyball courts, a 
swimming pool, and areas of open space where 
you can practice your golf swing. An exercise- 
fitness course winds through the campus. 


Eckerd College seeks academically qualified 
students of various backgrounds, national and 
ethnic origins. Further, we seek students who 
show promise for making positive contribu- 
tions to members of the Eckerd College com- 
munity. When you apply, we will look at your 
academic performance in liberal arts courses 
(mathematics, science, social studies, English, 
foreign languages, creative arts). We will also 
consider your performance on the college en- 
trance examinations (ACT or SAT). Students 
whose native language is not English can choose 
to replace the ACT or SAT with the TOEFL 
examination. Achievement tests are not re- 
quired but are highly recommended. Your 
potential for personal and academic develop- 
ment is important and in this respect we will 
look closely at your personal essay, record of 
activities and recommendations from your 
counselors or teachers. Admissions decisions 
are made on a rolling basis beginning in Octo- 
ber and continuing through the academic year 
for the following fall. Students considering 
mid-year admission for either winter term 
(January) or spring semester (February) are 
advised to complete application procedures 
by December 1. Applicants for fall entry 
should complete procedures by April 1. 


1. Request application forms in Junior year 
or early in Senior year from Dean of Ad- 

2. Complete and return your application to 
the Dean of Admissions, with an application 
fee of $25 (non-refundable) at least two 
months prior to the desired entrance date. 
Students who are financially unable to pay 
the $25 application fee will have the fee 
waived upon request. Eckerd College ac- 
cepts the Common Application in lieu of 
its own form and gives equal consideration 
to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript 
and personal recommendation to: Dean of 
Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude 
Test, offered by the College Entrance 
Examination Board or the ACT Test Bat- 
tery, offered by the American College 
Testing Program. Take your test in spring 
of Junior year or early fall of Senior year. 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum. Our preference is for 
students who have taken four units of English, 
three or more units each of mathematics, 
sciences and social studies, and at least two 
units of a foreign language. Although no single 
criterion is used as a determinant for accep- 
tance and we have no automatic "cutoff" 
points, the great majority of students who gain 
admission to Eckerd College have a high 
school average of B or better in their college 
preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 25 percent of college-bound students 
taking the ACT or SAT. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
standing at the institution last attended and 
eligible to return to that institution. 


1. Complete and return application form to 
the Dean of Admissions with an applica- 
tion fee of $25 (non-refundable) at least two 
months prior to the desired entrance date 
(see calendar for various entry points). 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from every college or university 
you have attended. 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT or ACT). This may be waived upon 
request for students who have completed 
at least one year of college work. 


4. Request a letter of recommendation from 
one of your college professors. 

5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 


After you have been accepted for admission 
your transcript will be forwarded to the college 
Registrar for credit evaluation. 

With regard to the transfer of credits from 
other regionally accredited institutions, it is 
the policy of Eckerd College to: 

1. Award block two-year credit to students 
who have earned an Associate of Arts de- 
gree with a cumulative grade point average 
of at least 2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appro- 
priate courses in which grades of C or 
higher were earned. Transfer credits will 
be awarded for courses with comparable 
titles, descriptions, and contents to Eckerd 
College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit since the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must be completed at Eckerd. 

Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd 
College will have cumulative grade point aver- 
ages of at least 2.0 in courses accepted from 
other institutions toward an Eckerd College 
degree. This policy statement covers practices 
in both the residential college and the PEL 

Applicants who have earned credits more than 
five years ago, or whose earlier academic records 
are unavailable or unusual are requested to 
direct special inquiry to the Admissions Office. 


All students who have been accepted for 
admission are asked to deposit a $100 accep- 
tance fee, within thirty days of acceptance or 
within thirty days of a financial aid award. This 
fee is refundable until May 1 for fall appli- 
cants, but is not refundable for mid-year 
applicants. Students who are accepted after 

November 15 for mid-year entry or after 
April 15 for fall entry will be expected to reply 
within fifteen days of acceptance with a $100 
non-refundable fee. The acceptance fee is 
applied toward tuition costs and credited to 
the student's account. 

A Student Information Form and a Health 
Form are sent to all accepted students. The 
Student Information Form should be returned 
within two weeks of acceptance or should 
accompany the acceptance fee. This form 
enables us to begin planning for needs of the 
entering class of residential and commuting 

The Health Form should be completed by 
your personal physician and forwarded to the 
Admissions office prior to the enrollment 


Students who have not completed a high 
school program but who have taken the General 
Education Development (GED) examinations 
may be considered for admission. In addition 
to submitting GED test scores, students will 
also need to supply ACT or SAT test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are 
strongly urged to visit the campus and have an 
interview with an admissions counselor. We 
also encourage you to visit a class and meet 
students and faculty members. An interview is 
not a required procedure for admission but is 
always a most beneficial step for you the stu- 
dent, as well as for those of us who evaluate 
your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits a few outstanding stu- 
dents who wish to enter college directly after 
their Junior year in high school. In addition to 
regular application procedures outlined above, 
early admission candidates must submit a 
personal letter explaining reasons for early 
admission; request two letters of recommenda- 
tion from an English and a mathematics 
teacher; and come to campus for an interview 
with an admissions counselor. 



A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enroll- 
ment for up to one year. Requests should be 
addressed to the Dean of Admissions. 

International students may not use CLEP to 
receive college credit for elementary or inter- 
mediate foreign language in their native tongue. 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of 


Eckerd College awards course credit on the 
basis of scores on the Advanced Placement 
examinations administered by the College 
Entrance Examination Board. Students who 
have obtained scores of four or five will auto- 
matically be awarded credit. Scores of three 
are recorded on the student's permanent tran- 
script and are referred to the faculty of the 
appropriate discipline for recommendations 
concerning credit. Applicants who seek ad- 
vanced placement should have examination 
results sent to the Dean of Admissions. 


Course credit will also be awarded on the basis 
of scores received on the College Level Exam- 
ination Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded 
only for the following: 







American Government 


3.5 hours 

American History I 


3.5 hours 

American History II 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

College Algebra 


3.5 hours 

College Algebra- 



3.5 hours 

Educational Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

General Biology 


7.0 hours 

General Chemistry 


7.0 hours 

General Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

Human Growth and 



3.5 hours 

Introductory Accounting 


3.5 hours 




3.5 hours 




3.5 hours 

Introductory Marketing 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Sociology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 



3.5 hours 

Western Civilization I 


3.5 hours 

Western Civilization II 


3.5 hours 


Eckerd College will confer Sophomore stand- 
ing to students who have completed the full 
International Baccalaureate and who have 
earned grades of 5 or better in their three 
Higher Level subjects. IB students who do not 
earn the full Diploma may receive credit for 
Higher Level subjects in which grades of 5 or 
better were earned in the examinations. 


Eckerd College enrolls students from more 
than fifty countries. Some are native speakers 
of English; many are not. In all cases, the Ad- 
missions and Scholarship Committee gives 
special attention to the evaluation of students 
who have completed their secondary education 
abroad. Candidates whose native language is 
not English should submit the TOEFL scores 
in lieu of SAT or ACT scores. Ordinarily, inter- 
national students will not be admitted unless 
they score a minimum of 550 on the TOEFL 
exam and/or complete level 109 instruction in 
the ELS Language Center program. 



1. Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $25 (non-refund- 
able) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school re- 
cords be sent to us. We will need to receive 
an explanation of the grading system. 

3. Transfer applicants should submit official 
university records with an explanation of 
the grading system. 

4. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native stu- 
dents of English should be submitted. 
Others are urged to take SAT or ACT. 

5. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate 
funds are available to cover educational 


The following international diplomas are 
accepted for consideration of admission with 
advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of 
the British Commonwealth. Students with 
successful scores in "A" level examinations 
may be considered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma 

may qualify a candidate for placement as a 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd 
College and wish to return you should write or 
call the Dean of Students office. It will not be 
necessary for you to go through admission 
procedures again. However, if you have been 
enrolled at another college or university you 
will need to submit a transcript of courses 
taken there. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a 
student should write to the Dean of Students, 
who shall obtain the approval of the Dean of 
Faculty as chair of the Academic Review 
Committee before authorizing readmission. 


All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent 
residents are eligible to receive aid if they 
demonstrate financial need. For institutional 
awards priority is given on the basis of grades, 
test scores, recommendations, and special 
talents. Most students receive an "aid 
package" consisting of scholarship, grant, 
loan, and campus employment. In many cases, 
the financial aid package offered to a student 
may reduce out-of-pocket tuition payment to 
less than would be paid at a state college or 
university. Eckerd College makes every effort 
to help a student develop financial plans that 
will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance can 
be made upon admission to the college, and 
receipt of the necessary financial aid creden- 
tials: Financial Aid Form (FAF) of the College 
Scholarship Service or the Family Financial 
Statement (FFS) of the American College 
Testing Service. 

Transfer students must submit a Financial 
Aid Transcript from each prior school regard- 
less of whether aid was received. The forms 
may be obtained from the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office and must be returned 
before an award may be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 12 
consecutive months should complete and file 
an application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the sub- 
mission of the FFS or FAF by answering the 
appropriate Florida questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid admin- 
istered by Eckerd College are controlled by 
governmental agencies external to the college. 
Examples of programs of this type are Pell 
Grants, Supplemental Educational Opportu- 
nity Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assist- 
ance Grants (FSAG), Florida Tuition Voucher, 
Stafford Loans, (formerly Guaranteed Student 
Loans), Perkins Loans (formerly National 
Direct Student Loans), and the College Work 
Study Program (CWSP). To receive a current 
pamphlet concerning these programs, write or 
contact the Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Peters- 
burg, Florida 33711. 


To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards 
listed in this catalog or any need-based assis- 
tance from the college or federal and state 
governments, it is necessary that you submit 
an American College Testing Family Finan- 
cial Statement (FFS) or the College Scholar- 
ship Service Financial Aid Form (FAF). These 
forms are available in the guidance department 
of the school you are currently attending. It is 
important to mail the FFS or FAF by March 1. 
Indicate on the form that a copy of the analysis 
be sent to Eckerd College, check the appro- 
priate box for FSAG, and include the fee as 


When you apply to Eckerd College for readmis- 
sion after a period of time away from the college, 
you should contact the Financial Aid office to 
determine your eligibility for all financial aid 

If you previously received financial assistance 
at Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial 
aid prior to readmission, you will need to com- 
plete the following steps: 

1. Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from the 
Financial Aid office of each college you 
have attended since leaving Eckerd College. 

2. Ensure that your obligations for Stafford 
Loan or Perkins Loan payments are being 
met. If you leave Eckerd College for one 
semester, your six month grace period will 
likely expire. Thereafter, you will have loan 
payments due which must be paid before 
receiving assistance again on readmission. 

3. You must enroll as a full-time student to 
apply for a deferment (postponement) of 
your student loan payments. During the 
months you are not enrolled full time, in- 
cluding summer, loan payments may be- 
come due. 

4. Obtain deferment form(s) from your len- 
der(s) to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd 
College. The Registrar will verify your 
enrollment status to your lender(s). Defer- 
ment forms must be requested and sub- 
mitted at least annually. 

5. All prior debts to Eckerd College must be 
satisfied before any financial assistance 
may be released. 


Most financial aid programs require specific 
academic achievements for renewal as follows: 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Church and Campus Scholarship 

Eckerd College Grant 

Faculty Tuition Remission 

Ministerial Courtesy 

Special Talent 
3.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Eckerd College Honors 

National Merit Special Honors 

Thomas Presidential Scholarship 

Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

a. Florida Undergraduate Scholars: 3.2 
Cum. GPA and 24 semester hours per 
year; up to nine semesters. 

b. Florida College Career Work Experi- 
ence Program: 2.0 Cum. GPA. 

c. Florida Student Assistance Grant: 2.0 
Cum. GPA and 24 semester hours per 
year; up to nine semesters. 

d. Florida Tuition Voucher: 2.0 Cum. 
GPA; and 24 semester hours per year; 
up to nine semesters. 

e. Florida Critical Teacher Shortage 
Scholarship Loan (for students plan- 
ning to become elementary and second- 
ary school teachers): 2.0 Cum. GPA 
and 24 semester hours per year; up to 
four semesters. 

f. Florida "Chappie" James Teacher 
Scholarship Program (for students 
planning to become elementary and 
secondary teachers): 2.5 Cum. GPA 
and 24 semester hours per year; up to 
eight semester hours. 

g. Paul Douglas Teacher Scholarship 
Program: 3.0 Cum. GPA. 

h. Florida Challenger Astronauts Mem- 
orial Undergraduate Scholarship Pro- 
gram: 2.8 Cum. GPA and 24 semester 
hours per year. 

i. Florida Vocational Gold Seal Endorse- 
ment Program: 3.2 Cum. GPA and 24 
semester hours per year. 


3. Federal Programs 

Students who receive any Federal Title IV 
aid for the first time after July 1, 1987 
must maintain a cumulative GPA at the 
end of the second and third academic years 
at Eckerd College that is consistent with 
requirements for graduation. 

Federal Title IV aid programs to which 
these standards apply include: Pell Grants, 
Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG), College Work-Study 
(CWS) Perkins Loans (formerly National 
Direct Student Loans), Stafford Loans 
(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans), 
PLUS Loans, Supplemental Loans for 
Students (SLS). 

In addition, all financial aid recipients must 
abide by Eckerd College's satisfactory aca- 
demic progress standards to continue receiving 
assistance. If you are placed on probation by 
the Academic Review Committee you will 
automatically be placed on financial aid pro- 
bation, but may continue receiving assistance. 
If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, you may no longer receive assis- 
tance. Guidelines concerning probation, dis- 
missal and reinstatement are outlined in this 
catalog in the section entitled "Standards of 
Satisfactory Academic Progress." Appeals to 
financial aid probation and dismissal may be 
addressed to the Financial Aid Appeals Com- 
mittee which will act in consultation with the 
Academic Review Committee. 



The Presidential Scholarships are a recognition 
of outstanding merit without regard to finan- 
cial need. Each year twenty-five Freshmen are 
selected to receive scholarships ranging from 
$6,000 -$8,000 per year. The scholarships are 
renewable for a total of four years if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. Selection 
criteria for this award include academic achieve- 
ment, creative talent and character. Applica- 
tion deadline is February 15. A separate appli- 
cation is required and is available on request. 


The Special Honors Scholarship Program 
provides fifteen full tuition awards to entering 
Freshmen who are finalists and semifinalists 
in the National Merit, National Achievement, 
and National Hispanic Scholarship Programs. 
The value of this award is in excess of $13,500 
per year, and in excess of $54,000 for four 
years if the student maintains a 3.0 grade point 
average. A student designated a semifinalistin 
one of these programs should make application 
for admission to Eckerd College no later than 
February 15. 


The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize 
outstanding applicants for admission (Fresh- 
men and transfers). Scholarship finalists will 
be selected from among all applicants for ad- 
mission without regard to financial need. A 
student receiving an Honors Scholarship may 
receive up to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is 
renewable if the student maintains a 3.0 grade 
point average. No separate application is re- 
quired; however, for priority consideration 
students should apply for admission no later 
than March 1. 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. 
All students accepted for admission are eligible 
to compete for these scholarships. Awards will 
be made on the basis of outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1. Achievement in math, science, English, 
social studies, behavioral sciences, for- 
eign languages or any specific area of 
academic pursuit. 

2. Special talent in the creative arts — 
music, theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international 
education, including participation in 
AFS, YFU, or Rotary student exchange 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service 
in student, community or church organ- 

5. Special talent in men's or women's ath- 
letic competition. 


Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renew- 
able for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average following formal recommendation 
by those qualified to evaluate the appropriate 
special talent. No separate application is 
required but for priority consideration students 
should apply for admission prior to March 1 
and submit the following: 

1. Financial Aid Form (FAF), or Family 
Financial Statement (FFS). 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, 
adviser or coach directly involved in 
student's achievement area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes 
to submit in support of his or her cre- 



The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for fifty new Presbyterian 
students each year who have been recom- 
mended by their pastor and possess traits of 
character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian cit- 
izens — either as a lay person or a minister. 
Students recommended by their pastor who 
become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a grant up to $2,400 to 
be used during the Freshman year. The award 
is renewable annually on the basis of demon- 
strated academic, leadership and service 
achievement, and a cumulative grade point 
average of at least 2.0. This award is not based 
on financial need. Scholarship winners may 
apply for supplemental financial aid. More 
scholarship details and nomination forms are 
available on request. 


Endowed scholarship funds have been estab- 
lished by the gifts of those listed below or by 
the gifts of others in their honor. 
Suzanne Armacost Memorial Scholarship, 
established in 1991, awarded on the basis of 
merit to outstanding students who have demon- 
strated traits of being a competent giver. 
Arts Scholarship, established in 1985 by an 
anonymous friend of the college to assist stu- 
dents majoring in the visual arts. 

Margaret S. and Walter D. Bach Memorial 
Fund, established in 1984, awarded annually 
to outstanding Florida students from Escambia, 
Santa Rosa, Okaloosa or Walton counties. 
Barnett Bank, established in 1988, awarded 
annually to students with financial need major- 
ing in business or a related program with an 
interest in banking. 

William B. Blackburn Honor, established 
in 1989, awarded annually to Freshmen women 
of academic distinction who plan to major in 

Charles Bradshaw, established in 1982. 
Frank B. Buck, established in 1981 by his 
wife, to be awarded annually to a student of 
strong academic ability, financial need and 
demonstrated traits of a "competent giver." 
Buford Scholarship, established in 1982. 
Sherry Jo Byars, established in 1983, 
by W. Frank and Jo Byars in memory of their 
daughter. Awarded annually to outstanding 
students on the basis of academic ability, 
leadership, and service. 
Howard M. Davis, established in 1984. 
Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established 
in 1983 by her family, to be awarded annually 
to Juniors and Seniors majoring in the fine 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 
Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 
1973, awarded annually to selected scholar 

Paul and Jane Edris Church and Campus, 
established in 1985 by the First Presbyterian 
Church of Daytona Beach, Florida, in honor of 
their pastor and his wife. Awarded to students 
of academic distinction. 


Thomas Girolamo, established in 1988 by 
Hilda Girolamo in memory of her husband, 
who was a member of the Eckerd College staff. 
Awarded on the basis of need to a Florida 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982 by 
Mr. Griffin who was a founding trustee of the 
college. Awarded annually to students with 
financial need, academic ability and leadership 

Alfred S. and Winifred H. Hodgson, estab- 
lished in 1986, awarded annually to students 
with financial need. 

Home Federal Bank, established in 1983, 
awarded annually to a Junior or Senior major- 
ing in management who demonstrates financial 
Robert A. James Memorial, established in 

1 983 by his family, to be awarded annually to a 
Freshman with outstanding academic ability, 
leadership skills, and exceptional performance 
in either tennis, golf, or cross-country. 
Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding students 
based on need. 

Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 
1987, awarded to students majoring in man- 
agement or business with financial need. 
Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to a student majoring in fine 

Oscar Kreutz Church and Campus, estab- 
lished in 1984, awarded to Presbyterian stu- 
dents with first preference to members of the 
First Presbyterian Church, St. Petersburg. 
Philip J. Lee, established in 1989, in honor of 
the college's first chairman of the board of 

Colin Lindsey, established in 1977. 
Margaret Fahl Lof strand Memorial, estab- 
lished in 1976 by her family to honor Margaret, 
who was a member of the founding class. 
Awarded annually to outstanding female stu- 
Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 

1984 by her husband. Annual award to student 
designated by Delta Phi Alpha, German hon- 
orary fraternity, for overseas study in Germany. 
Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, estab- 
lished in 1960, awarded on the basis of aca- 
demic achievement, character, and financial 
need with preference given to students who 
are not Florida residents. 

Margaret Curry May, established in 1964. 

Alfred A. McKethan, established in 1985, to 
provide ten annual scholarships to outstand- 
ing students, no more than three of whom are 
in the same academic class. Awards are de- 
termined by academic performance, Christian 
character, and evidence of leadership. 
William McLaughlin Memorial, established 
in 1984 by Nash Stublen. Awarded annually to 
students with financial need to support their 
participation in international education or other 
off campus programs. 

George F. and Asha W. McMillan, estab- 
lished in 1959, awarded annually to a pre- 
ministerial student. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established 
in 1969, awarded annually to a music student 
selected by the music faculty. 
Cade Nabers Memorial, established in 1989, 
for a Junior literature major by Mr. and Mrs. 
John Nabers in memory of their son, a member 
of the Class of 1990. 

Mary Dillard Nettles Scholarship, estab- 
lished in 1991, awarded to Presbyterian stu- 
dents on the basis of need and merit. Preference 
is given to students majoring in music or art. 
Azalia P. Oberg, established in 1976. 
John O'Flaherty ASPEC Memorial, estab- 
lished in 1989, awarded annually to an out- 
standing Junior or Senior majoring in economics. 
Karim Said Petrou Memorial, established 
in 1989, awarded annually on the basis of 
financial need. 

Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, estab- 
lished in 1978, awarded annually to outstanding 
students with demonstrated financial need 
from high schools in St. Petersburg, Florida. 

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The Walter S. and Janet S. Pharr Church 
and Campus, established in 1991, awarded 
to students with outstanding academic ability 
whose traits of character, leadership and ser- 
vice give promise of outstanding contributions 
to society, the church, and the religious and 
social life of the college. 
R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded 
annually with preference given to a son or 
daughter of an employee of the Ritter Finance 
Company of Wyncote, Pennsylvania; or to a 
student from Pennsylvania. 
Kathleen Anne Rome, established in 1971, 
awarded annually to science students on the 
basis of scholastic aptitude, financial need, 
and compassion for humanity. 
Thelma and Maurice Rothman, established 
in 1988, provides financial assistance to Jewish 
students with awards made on the basis of 
need and academic merit. 
Frank A. Saltsman, established in 1983. 
Robert T. and Fran V.R. Sheen, established 
in 1989, provides financial assistance to stu- 
dents majoring in business or management. 
Eugene and Donna Sitton, established in 
1985, provides annual scholarships for out- 
standing student athletes. 
Edna Sparling, established in 1976. 
Frances Shaw Stavros, established 1987, 
awarded annually on a competitive basis to 
outstanding students who are Florida residents 
with preference to children of employees who 
have had at least five years continuous em- 
ployment with Better Business Forms, Better 
Business Systems, Inc., or Florida Progress 

Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 
by Mrs. Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a 
competitive basis to the 20 most outstanding 

William W. Upham, established in 1985 by 
a founding trustee of the college. 
J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by 
Mr. and Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support 
candidates for the Presbyterian ministry. 
Kell and Mary Williams Church and Campus, 
established in 1985, awarded annually to an 
active and committed Christian student, with 
preference given to students preparing for full- 
time Christian service. 
Ross E. Wilson, established in 1974. 
John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 
1967, awarded annually with preference given 
to students from Gadsden County, Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, estab- 
lished in 1983 by William and Noma Zemp in 
memory of their son. Awarded annually to 
Juniors majoring in management. 


Established to perpetuate the memory of 
alumni and friends who believed in the im- 
portance of a liberal arts education to our 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman (1969) 
Paul and Grace Creswell (1962) 
Carl Peter Damm (1963) 
Robert B. Hamilton (1959) 
Hope Presbyterian Church (1962) 
Lowery Howell (1975) 
Al Lang and Katherine Fagen Lang (1959), 
partial scholarships awarded annually to stu- 
dents from the St. Petersburg area who show 
exceptional promise and demonstrate financial 

William Bell Tippetts (1960) 
Ross E. Wilson (1974) 


Ebba Aim, provides annual scholarship sup- 
port for male students from Florida who are 
studying medicine. Preference is given to 
Dunedin and North Pinellas County. 
W. Paul Bateman, first awarded in 1978, 
provides annual scholarships for outstanding 
male students. 

Chase Manhattan Bank, provides financial 
aid to students majoring in business based on 
need and merit. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, 
first awarded in 1981, to outstanding graduates 
of Central Catholic High School in Clearwater, 
Florida, made possible through gifts of an 
anonymous donor. 

Conn Memorial Foundation, first awarded 
in 1973, based upon character, academic stand- 
ing, and financial need. 
First Union National Bank Minority 
Scholarship, provides financial assistance to 
minority students based on need and merit. 
GTE, provides scholarships to minority stu- 
dents on the basis of financial need. 


Marriott Management Sercice, awarded 
in memory of Colleen Barry, Kristin Riley, and 

Stacey Stamatiades, Freshmen at Eckerd Col- 
lege who lost their lives is a 1985 automobile 

Merchants Association, first awarded in 1988. 
David Moss Memorial, established by the 
Women of the Moorings, Moorings Presbyter- 
ian Church, to provide financial assistance to 
Presbyterian students based on need. 
Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, provides 
annual scholarships for students with financial 

Raymond James and Associates, first a- 
warded in 1986, provides annual scholarships 
for students majoring in business. 
Selby Foundation, first awarded in 1968, to 
outstanding students from Florida, with pre- 
ference given to residents of Sarasota and 
Manatee Courties. 

George and Karla Sherbourne, first awarded 
in 1986, provides grants to needy students 
with preference given to residents of Sarasota 

David L. White Memorial, was established 
by his grandparents, to provide financial assis- 
tance to a member of the sailing team based on 

Women of Rotary, first awarded in 1988, for 
female students. 


Joseph C. Beck, established in 1987, pro- 
vides loans to students with financial need. 
Helen Harper Brown, established in 1988, 
provides loans to students with financial need. 


Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1972, 
provides loans to students. 
Sidney N. Trockey, established in 1979, pro- 
vides loan to a Jewish student with financial 
need based on academic performance. 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to 
students on the basis of specific criteria or 
skills within the limits of demonstrated financial 
need. Two important sources of grant funds 
are the federal government and state govern- 


These grants are awarded from federal funds 
by the Office of Education. Awards are based 
on need and range from approximately $200 
to $2,400 depending on federal funding. Appli- 
cation is made through the submission of the 
FAF or FFS. The student will receive the Pell 
Student Aid Report at the student's home, 
and must submit the Student Aid Report to 
the Eckerd College Financial Aid office. The 
student's account will then be credited for the 
amount of the student's eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds 
and administered by the college. They are 
limited at Eckerd College to students with 
exceptional financial need. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or 
FFS form. 



Eckerd College is approved for the education 
and training of veterans, service members, and 
dependents of veterans eligible for benefits 
under the G.I. Bill. Students who may be eligible 
for V.A. benefits are urged to contact their 
local V.A. Office as soon as accepted by the 
college, and must file an application for bene- 
fits through the Office of the Registrar. No 
certification can be made until the application 
is on file. Since the first checks each year are 
often delayed, it is advisable for the veteran to 
be prepared to meet all expenses for about two 
months. There are special V.A. regulations 
regarding independent study, audit course, 
standards of progress, special student enroll- 
ment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is the student's 
responsibility to inquire to the V.A. office 
concerning special regulations and to 
report any change in status which affects 
the rate of benefits. 



The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) 
are awarded on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need to one-year residents of Florida 
who attend college in the state. These grants 
may range up to a maximum of $ 1 ,300, depend- 
ing on the demonstrated need of the applicant 
and the availability of funds. For renewal the 
recipient must earn a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average and complete 24 credit hours 
during the prior academic year. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or 
FFS by answering the Florida section and 
enclosing the appropriate fee. 


The Tuition Equalization Voucher program 
was established by the State of Florida for 
residents of the state who enroll in private 
colleges or universities in Florida. The program 
provides up to $1,100 per year regardless of 
financial need to help defray the cost of tuition 
at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student must 
have resided in Florida for at least one year 
and must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average and complete 24 credit hours during 
the prior academic year. An application upon 
enrollment must be submitted to the Financial 
Aid office. 


In order to be eligible to receive financial aid 
as Juniors and Seniors under programs funded 
by the State of Florida (Florida Student Assis- 
tance Grants, Tuition Equalization Vouchers, 
etc.), students who are Florida residents must 
pass the College Level Academic Skills Test 
(CLAST) by the end of the Sophomore year. 
More detailed information about CLAST is 
available from the Educational Assessment 


These grants are available to students who 
rank in the upper one -half of their graduating 
class and demonstrate financial need. Achieve- 
ment in various curricular and co-curricular 
activities is considered. Special consideration 
is given to the sons and daughters of Presby- 
terian ministers or missionaries in recognition 
of the institution's Presbyterian heritage and 

relationships. Renewal of Eckerd College 
Grants requires a 2.0 cumulative grade point 


Many families whose current income and 
savings are not sufficient to finance college 
expenditures borrow funds through low interest 
educational loans to supplement their financing 


(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans) 

Stafford loans are available from local banks 
and lending agencies. Depending upon eligi- 
bility, Freshmen and Sophomores may borrow 
up to $2,625 per year, and Juniors and Seniors 
may borrow up to $4,000 per year not to exceed 
$17,250 in their undergraduate work for edu- 
cational expenses. Students must submit a 
FAF or FFS to establish eligibility. The in- 
terest is eight percent for new borrowers, and 
new borrowers have a six months grace period 
following termination of at least half-time 
school attendance before repayment must 
begin. Withdrawal from college for one semester 
will cause the six months grace period to lapse 
and repayments to fall due. Repayment fol- 
lowing the termination of the grace period will 
be at least $50 per month. The interest rate 
remains eight percent during the first four 
years of repayment, and increases to ten per- 
cent during the remaining years of repayment. 
Deferment from payment is allowed for the 
return to school full-time or for other specified 
conditions. Families interested in the program 
should contact the Financial Aid office or their 
local bank for a loan application and current 
information. The processing of Stafford Loan 
applications requires twelve to sixteen weeks. 


The Perkins Loan (formerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program) is administered 
by the college from federal and college funds. 
To qualify for a Perkins Loan, the student 
must apply to the college and demonstrate 
financial need. No interest will accrue until the 
beginning of the repayment period, nine months 
for new borrowers, following termination of at 
least half-time school attendance. Interest 
charges during the repayment period are only 
five percent per year on the unpaid balance. 




Under this program parents may borrow up to 
$4,000 per year to a total of $20,000 for each 
child who is enrolled at least half-time. A sepa- 
rate application is required for certification by 
the Financial Aid office and submission to 
your lending institution. The interest rate is no 
more than twelve percent and repayment be- 
gins within sixty days of receipt of the pro- 
ceeds of the loan. Parents of students who do 
not qualify for the Stafford Loan because of 
family income limitations usually qualify for 
the PLUS Loan. Additional information and 
applications are available in the Financial Aid 


Independent students may borrow up to $4,000 
per year to a total of $20,000. Unlike Stafford 
borrowers, SLS borrowers do not have to show 
need. SLS borrowers usually must begin re- 
payment within sixty days after the loan is 
disbursed. The interest rate is no more than 
twelve percent. 


Monthly payments may be arranged by the 
family through one of four different companies. 
Contact the Financial Aid office, Eckerd College 
for current information. 


Eckerd College has limited loan funds avail- 
able, usually for temporary emergency situa- 
tions. For details, contact the Financial Aid 


In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic 
and business organizations to children of 
members, citizens, and employees. Students 
are encouraged to seek private scholarships. 
Information is available at your local library 
and in the Eckerd College Career Services and 
Financial Aid offices. 

The Career Services office assists students in 
finding part-time employment on or off campus. 
Preference is given to students who demon- 
strate financial need. Campus employment 
opportunities include work as a clerk or secre- 
tary, a food service employee, a custodian or 
maintenance worker, lifeguard, or a laboratory 
assistant. Information on off-campus jobs is 
available through the Career-Services office. 


Students may qualify for this program on the 
basis of need by submitting an FAF or FFS, 
and may work on-campus seven to ten hours 
per week. 


A student who is a Florida resident enrolled 
full-time and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are avail- 
able off campus and must be career related. 
Wages and hours may vary; the State of Florida 
will reimburse the student's employer for fifty 
percent of the wages. The Career Services 
office will assist with placement and with the 
completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College 
may be renewable on an annual basis. All 
Eckerd College grants and most aid from other 
sources require a minimum cumulative grade 
point average of 2.0 for renewal. A need analy- 
sis must be completed each year prior to 
March 1 for the following academic year. All 
students who are eligible to return for a sub- 
sequent year (except international students 
requiring 1-20 forms) are eligible for consider- 
ation for need-based financial aid. Awards 
from all sources may vary from year to year 
based upon criteria established by the college 
and other private or public agencies. Appeals 
for financial aid awards may be made in writing 
to the Financial Aid Appeals Committee. 



Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of 
donors, the balance of costs is paid from 
endowment income and gifts from individuals, 
the Presbyterian Churches, and various cor- 

The following schedules list the principal 
expenses and regulations concerning the pay- 
ment of fees for the academic year 1992-93. 
All fees and expenses listed below are those in 
effect at the time of publication of the catalog. 
They are subj ect to change by the action of the 
Board of Trustees. When such changes are 
made, notice will be given as far in advance as 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 
1992-93 academic year include two semesters 
and one short term (autumn term for Fresh- 
men, winter term for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $13,6751 $13,675 

Room and Board , . 3,5002 


$17,175 $13,675 

x The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations plus one short 
term during the academic year provided that 
no more than five courses are taken per 
semester. Students registering for more than 
five courses per semester or ten courses per 
year plus a short term course will be charged 
an additional tuition of $1,475 per course. A 
student registering for a year-long course may 
register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

2 Students with home addresses outside the 
immediate vicinity of the college are requested 
to live on campus. Exceptions to the require- 
ment may be made with the approval of the 
Director of Housing. Since resident students 
are required to participate in the board plan, 
all resident students will be charged for both 
room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately 
$ 1 50 per academic year is collected in addition* , 
to the above charges. Cost of books and suppli'es 
will be approximately $500 per semester. 


Tuition (full-time) per semester: $6,100 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $1,475 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $ 150 


Fall and 


short term 


Double occupancy, each 

$ 855 

$ 675 

Double room 

single occupancy 



Single room 



Base room rate ($855 and $675) has been included 
in Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for 
single room will be added to Comprehensive 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00 This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in excess 
of the deposit, the balance will be charged to the 
student's account. Any balance left of the deposit 
will be refunded to the student upon leaving col- 

Fall and 

Board short term Spring 

21 meal plan: $1,105 $865 

15 meal plan: 1,010 790 

10 meal plan: 890 700 


Tuition per course: 


Students are considered part-time when they 
enroll for fewer than three courses per 


Tuition per course: 


Fee for students enrolling in more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year 
plus a short term. 



Tuition per course 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without 
fee with the permission of the instructor. 



Late payment after registration day: 

The rate will be variable quarterly to 4.5% 
above the 13-week Treasury Bill rate. 
Late physical examination (for new students 
who have not had physical examination by 
registration day): $50. 


Acceptance Fee (new students): $100. 

A fee required of new students upon accept- 
ance by Eckerd College. This fee is not 
refundable and will be applied against the 
comprehensive charge. 

Application Fee (new students): $25. 

This fee accompanies the application for 
admission submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $740. 

A fee for an examination to determine pro- 
ficiency in a particular subject to receive 
course credit. 

Health and Accident Insurance 

All students must have health and accident 
insurance coverage in order to be enrolled in 
the college. They must either show proof of 
insurance or sign up for the student insurance 
plan available to them through the college for a 

Lost Key Fee: $40. 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 

Orientation Fee (Freshmen only): $75. 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for 

Re-Examination Fee: $190. 

A fee for a re -examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2. 

There is a $2 charge per transcript. 
Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $25. 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons 
are not taken for credit, and are fees in addition 
to regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 
One hour per week $500 $1000 

One half hour per week $250 $ 500 


All students must provide proof of health/ 
accident insurance coverage by registration 
date. If proof of coverage is not provided you 
will be required to purchase the school insur- 
ance which will be charged to your student 
account automatically after registration. 

It is mandatory for all international stu- 
dents to purchase insurance coverage from 
the school. Your student account will be 
billed automatically after registration. 


Occasionally international students, while 
studying at Eckerd College, will require medi- 
cal attention through local doctors, hospitals 
and clinics. To protect our international stu- 
dents from large medical bills while they are 
students at Eckerd, we require that all inter- 
national students subscribe to a Health and 
Accident Insurance Policy. The cost of this 
insurance policy is $150 per year.* The cost 
will be added to the college bill of the inter- 
national student, and will be due and payable 
at the time of registration at Eckerd College. 
The coverage available through this policy 
protects the student for the full twelve months 
of the calendar year. The policy premium must 
be paid at registration for the first term at 
which the student arrives at Eckerd College, 
and then at registration for each subsequent 
fall semester. 

*This amount is subject to change. 



Students should come prepared to pay all 
charges on the day of registration or should 
have payments from home mailed to reach the 
Eckerd College business office ^at least two 
weeks prior to the date of registration. No 
student shall be permitted to register for a 
given semester until all indebtedness for prior 
terms has been paid in full. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college 
are subject to dismissal from the college and, 
as long as such payments remain unpaid, may 
not receive transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a deferred 
payment plan. Students desiring monthly pay- 
ment plans must make arrangements through 
one of the following companies. 

American Management Services, Inc. 
50 Vision Boulevard 
East Providence RI 02914 

Manufacturers Hanover 

Tuition Plan 
57 Regional Drive 
Concord, NH 03301 

All arrangements and contracts are made 
directly between the parent and the tuition 
financing company. 


Students withdrawing within 25 days of the 
first class of any semester for reasons approved 
by the college will receive tuition refunds for 
that semester as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days no refund 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days 
of the first class day of any short term (autumn 
term or winter term) will receive tuition refunds 
for that term as follows: 

Within 7 days 50% 

Within 15 days 25% 

After 15 days no refund 

Room charges for resident students are not 
refundable. Unused portion of meal tickets 
will be refunded on a pro-rata basis. 

Whenever a student is required to withdraw 
because of unsatisfactory conduct, no refund 
will be made. 

No refunds will be made to withdrawing stu- 
dents until the withdrawal process is com- 


If a student's withdrawal from Eckerd College 
results in cancelled charges of tuition, fees, or 
meals and if financial aid has been used to pay 
all or any portion of the charges, the federal 
financial aid programs from which the funds 
were awarded will be refunded first according 
to federal regulations. Also, if a student with- 
draws at any time during a semester, all 
Eckerd College grants/scholarship funds 
will be restored 100 percent to the college 
accounts. The above policies will likely result 
in a financial obligation. Also each student on 
financial aid who withdraws must contact the 
Eckerd College Student Loan office to finalize 
any institutional loan or financial obligation 
and participate in a loan exit interview. Like- 
wise, each student on financial aid who with- 
draws must contact the Financial Aid office for 
a Stafford Loan or a Supplemental Student 
Loan (SLS) Exit Interview. 




Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

Diana L. Fuguitt 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 

Associate Professor of Economics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
\nthony R. Brunello 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., University of California, Davis 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 
Salvatore Capobianco 

Associate Professor of Pscyhology 
1 B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
dark H. Davis 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
Iichael G. Flaherty 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 

Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Sdward T. Grasso 

Associate Professor of Decision Sciences 

B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 

Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and 

State University 
ohn M. Guarino 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.S., State College of Bridgewater, 

M.A., Dartmouth College 

M.B.A., University of Connecticutt 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
'eter K. Hammerschmidt 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 

ames R. Harley 

Professor of Physical Education 

Director of Athletics 

B.S., Georgia Teachers College 

M.A., George Peabody College 
ohn Patrick Henry 

Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.S., University of South Carolina 

M.A., Ph.D., University 

of Massachusetts 
effery A. Howard 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
, inda L. Lucas 

: Associate Professor of Economics 
l B.A., University of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
ames M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 
1 B.S., Highlands University, 
New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
lary K. Meyer 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 

Tom Oberhofer 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., Fordham University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 
William Pyle 

Harold D. Holder Professor of 

Director of the Human Resource 

B.B.A., University of Notre Dame 

M.B.A., Butler University 

Ph.D., The University of Michigan 
Edward I. Stevens 

Professor of Information Systems 

B.A., Davidson College 

M. Div., Harvard Divinity School 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A., Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., PhD., Tulane University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Kenneth E. Keeton 

Chair, Comparative Cultures 

Professor of German Language and 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.A., University of Kentucky 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Victoria J. Baker 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., Sweet Briar College 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Leiden, 
Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor of Marketing and 
International Business 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.B.A., Columbia University 
Gregory G. Briscoe 

Assistant Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Utah State University 

M.A., University of California, Berkeley 
Thomas J. DiSalvo 

Assistant Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Hillsdale College 

M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Douglas P. Fry 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., University of California 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 

Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor of Asian Studies 
and Religion 

B.A., Cornell University 

M.Div., Princeton Theological 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Sheila M. Johnston 

Assistant Professor of International 

B.A., Northern Counties Teachers 
College, United Kingdom 

M.A., Pennsylvania State University 
Margarita M. Lezcano 

Assistant Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Florida International University 

M.A., University of Florida 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Naveen K. Malhotra 

Assistant Professor of Management and 

M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Martha B. Nichols 

Assistant Professor of French 

B.A., Centre College 

M.A., Duke University 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.A.T., Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 

Professor of History 
and Russian Studies 

B.A., Grinnell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Hendrick Serrie 

Professor of Anthropology and 
International Business 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Claire A. Stiles 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 

Associate Professor of Human 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State University 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
D. Russell Bailey 

Assistant Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Kentucky 

M.Ed., Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Thomas E. Bunch 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 

B.A., Northeastern State University 

M.A., University of Virginia 

Ph.D. University of Florida 


Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 
Literature and Humanities 

B.A., University of Chicago 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Associate Professor of Humanities 

B.A., Susquehanna University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Albion College 

M.A., State University of Iowa 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Sarah K. Dean 

Associate Professor of Human 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

M.A., George Peabody College 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Associate Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School of Music 
Sandra A. Harris 

Assistant Professor of Human 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Virginia Common- 
wealth University 
Peter L. Kranz 

Associate Professor of Human 

Director of the Counseling Center 

B.A., Grinnell College 

M.A., Ph.D. Utah State University 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Hamilton College 

M.A., University of Michigan 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Molly K. Ransbury 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of New 

Ed.D., Indiana University 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Marion Smith 

Associate Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis 

Cynthia Totten 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.F.A., Southern Illinois University 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education 

Director of Teacher Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Professor of Literature and Creative 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Florida 
J. Thomas West 

Professor of Psychology and 
Human Development 

B.S., Davidson College 

M.A., University of North Carolina 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Chair, Letters Collegium 
Associate Professor of History 
B.A., Louisiana State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Stanford University 

Andrew K. M. Adam 
Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 
B.A., Bowdoin College 
M. Div., S.T.M., Ph.D., Yale Divinity 

Jewel Spears Brooker 
Professor of Literature 
B.S., Stetson University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Florida 

David J. Bryant 
Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 
B.A., Harding College 
M.A., Abilene Christian College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton Theological 

Julienne H. Empric 
Professor of Literature 
B.A. Nazareth College of Rochester 
M.A., York University 
Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 

Bruce V. Foltz 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., Sonoma State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 

Judith M. Green 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., B.A., Michigan State University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Patricia M. Handy 
Assistant Professor of Literature 
B. A., University of Exeter, Great Britain 
M.A., Ph.D., Bowling Green State 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University of North Carolin 
Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Samford University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Califorr 
William F. McKee 

Professor of History 

B.A., College of Wooster 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Wiscon: 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Progrc 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Wittenberg University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicagc 
Gregory B. Padgett 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.A., Stetson University 

M.A., Florida State University 
Peter A. Pav 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Knox College 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Robert C. Wigton 

Assistant Professor of Political Scie 

B.A. State University of New York 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University 
New York, Buffalo 

Faculty of the Collegium o: 
Natural Sciences 

Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 
Professor of Computer Science 
B.Sc, University of Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 

Gregg R.Brooks 
Assistant Professor of Marine Scien 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of South Flo 

Harry W. Ellis 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 

John C. Ferguson 
Professor of Biology 
B.A., Duke University 
M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 

Mark B. Fishman 
Assistant Professor of Computer Scie 
B.A., Temple University 
M.A., University of Texas 

John. A. Goodwin 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Transylvania University 
Ph.D., Rice University 


David D. Grove 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., California State University, 

San Diego 
Ph.D., University of California, 
Los Angeles 
Sheila D. Hanes 
Associate Professor of Biology 
B.A., Baylor University 
M.S., University of Illinois 
Ph.D., Ohio University 
ieggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemistry 
I B.A., Pfeiffer College 

Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
Jerald J. G. Junevicus 
Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc, Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
M.Sc, Ph.D. University of Victoria, 
)avid Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
| B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 

South Florida 
<aurie Kovalenko 
Assistant Professor of Physics 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Boulder 
arah E. Kruse 
Assistant Professor of Physics 
B.S. Physics, B.S. Geology, University 

of Wisconsin 
Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of 

leorge W. Lofquist 
Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., University of North Carolina 
M.S., Ph.D., Mathematics, Louisiana 

State University 
M.S., Computer Science, University of 

South Florida 
iilly H. Maddox 
Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., Troy State College 
jt M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
tohn E. Reynolds, III 
Professor of Biology 
B.A., Western Maryland College 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
William B. Roess 
Professor of Biology 
B.S., Blackburn College 
Ph.D., Florida State University 
Ian L. Soli 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Augsburg College 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
William A. Szelistowski 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Florida 
Ph.D., University of Southern 

oel B. Thompson 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geo- 

B.S., M.S., California State University 
B.S., Ph.D., Syracuse University 

Walter O. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium 

Tom Oberhofer 

Foundations Collegium Chair 
Behavioral Science Collegium 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters Collegium 

Library Faculty 

Larry Hardesty 

Director, Library Services 


B.A., M.S., Kearney State College 

M.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.S., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Technical Services Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., The State University of 

New York, Geneseo 

M.L.S., Kent State University 
David W. Henderson 

Instructional Services and Collection 
Development Librarian 


B.A., University of Connecticut 

M.S., Ohio University 

M.S.L.S., Florida State University 
Kathryn A. Johnston 

Instructional Services Librarian 

Assistant Professor 

B.A., Earlham College 

M.S.L.S., University of North Carolina 


James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 
Professor of Physical Education 
William J. Mathews 

Head Baseball Coach 
Assistant Professor 

of Physical Education 
M.Ed., University of South Florida 


Clark L. Allen 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 

Ph.D., Duke University 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social 
Richard R. Bredenberg 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

Ph.D., New York University 
Burr C. Brundage 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Alan W. Carlsten 

Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies 
and Speech Communications 

M.Div., McCormick Theological 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

Ph.D., Georgetown University 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities and 

Ph.D., Yale University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University Teachers 
Irving G. Foster 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Language 
and Literature 

P.D., Laval University 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
E. Ashby Johnson 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
and Religion 

Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., Brown University 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Felix Rackow 

Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
George K. Reid 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of Christian 
Robert B. Tebbs 

Professor Emeritus of Industrial and 
Organizational Behavior 

Ph.D., University of Wyoming 
Pedro N. Trakas 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

Litt.D., Wofford College 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 

B.A., University of Kentucky 
William E. Waters 

Professor Emeritus of Music 

M.A., College of William and Mary 
William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 



Awarded each year at Commencement 

1986 - 





1987 - 

1980 - William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 
J. Thomas West 1988 

Professor of Psychology and Human 
Development Services 1989 

1983 - A. Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 1990 

Literature and Humanities 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 1991 

Professor of Economics 
Molly K. Ransbury 1992 

Professor of Education 

John E. Reynolds, III 

Associate Professor of Biology 
James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 
Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 
Diana Fuguitt 

Associate Professor of Economics 

Professor Peter Meinke, 1 990 Robert A. Staub Outstanding Teacher 
Award recipient, discusses poetry with one of his creative writing classes. 




Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Walter F. Conner 


B.S., Florida State University 

M. Div., Fuller Theological Seminary 
David B. Cozad 

Director of Church Relations 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary, 

M.S.P., Florida State University 
Joan B. Fry 

Executive Assistant to the President 

B.A., M.A., University of California 
iVilliam Pyle 

Director of the Human Resource 

Harold D. Holder Professor of 


loyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Philosphy and Religion 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Tom Oberhofer 

Associate Dean of Faculty 
for General Education 

Professor of Economics 
iheila M. Johnston 

Director, International Education 
and Off-Campus Programs 

Assistant Professor of International 
L Russell Kennedy 
i Registrar 

! B.S., Northeastern University 
| M.Ed., Suffolk University 
•haron Setterlind 
' Director of the Computer Center 
! B.A., Eckerd College 
I M.S., National-Louis University 
'haron M. Stacy 

Coordinator of Educational Assessment 
: B.A., Eckerd College 

M.B.A., University of South Florida 


ames E. Deegan 
Dean of Special Programs 
B.S., State University 

of New York, Buffalo 
M.S., Ed.D., Indiana 


Margaret Cooley 

Director, New Programs 

B.A., Rhodes College 

M.A., University of Chicago 
Dana E. Cozad 

Director, Program for Experienced 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S.W., Florida State University 
Cheryl Chase Gold 

Coordinator, Summer Programs 

B.A., City College of New York 
Linda Blalock Johnston 

Director of Marketing 

B.A., Pennsylvania State University 

M.A., Emerson College 
Nancy W. Pridgen 

Coordinator of Training and Development 

B.A., J.D., University of Florida 


Joan B. Fry 

Vice President for Public Relations 
Patricia I. Baldwin 

Director of Media Relations 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Assistant to Vice President for 

Public Relations 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Dennis Sercombe 
Director of Publications 
B.S., M.A., University of Florida 
Ed.S., University of Virginia 


Richard T. Haskins 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Point Park College 

M.A., George Washington University 
Samuel A. Banks 

Director of Foundation Relations 

B.A., Duke University 

M.Div., Emory University 

Ph.D., University of Chicago 

D.Litt, College of Charleston 
Cathy Duvall 

Director of Research 
Carol Hardesty 

Director of Records and Development 
Computer Support Services 

B.A., Kearney State College 

M.A.T., DePauw University 
Gordon Leffingwell 

Director of Planned Giving 

B.S., Western Michigan University 
Catherine McGarry 

Director of Community and 

Corporate Relations 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Tampa 

Bruce L. Robertson 

Vice President 

B.A., University of Florida 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, 
Oxford University, England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Eric W. Boelkins 

Associate Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Wake Forest University 

M.Div., Vanderbilt University 
Kathy Sue Duninire Ralph 

Associate Dean of Admissions 
and Coordinator of New Student 
Financial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Ronice Lauck 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Michele R. Pelzer 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Jeffrey J. Robinson 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M. Kemp Talbott 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Margaret W. Morris 

Director of Financial Aid 

B.S., University of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Robin Famiglietti 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

B.A., Wesleyan University 

M.A., University of South Florida 
M. Joan Kaplan 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

B.A., Eckerd College 


James A. Christison 

Vice President for Finance 

B.A., University of Connecticut 
Alan W. Bunch, 


B.A., University of South Florida 
Joanne DiBlasio 

Director of Personnel 
J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Physical Plant and Services 



Roger W. Sorochty 

Vice President for Student Affairs 

Dean of Students 

Ph.D., University of Ottawa 
Michele L. Colbert 

Associate Dean for Residential Life 

M.Ed., University of South Carolina 
Lillie M. Collins 

Director of Minority and International 
Student Affairs 

B.A., University of South Florida 
William C. Covert 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara J. Ely, R.N. 

Director of Nursing Services 
Sandra Harris 


Ph.D., Virginia Commonwealth 
Peter L. Kranz 

Director of the Counseling Center 

Ph.D., Utah State University 
R. Brian Nichols 

Director of Campus Activities 

M.S., Vanderbilt University 
Lena Wilfalk 

Director of Career Services 

M.A., University of South Florida 


Arthur L. Peterson 


Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Yale University 

M.S.P.A., University of Southern 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 


Miles Collier 

Grover C. Wrenn 

Vice Chairman 
Peter G. Armacost 

Royce Haiman 

James A. Christison 

Joan B. Fry 

Assistant Secretary 


Mr. Payton F. Adams 

General Telephone Company 

Tampa, Florida 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President, Eckerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. William B. Blackburn 

Blackburn and Company 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. John A. Brabson, Jr. 

Peoples Gas Systems, Inc. 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Carroll Cheek 

CWC Companies, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Ronald Coffin 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. William F. Coleman 

Welle sley College 

Wellesley, Massachusetts 
Mr. Miles Collier 

Collier Enterprises 

Naples, Florida 
Dr. Gay Culverhouse 

President, Tampa Bay Buccaneers 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Daniel M. Doyle 

Danka Industries 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Russell Edgerton 

American Association for Higher 

Washington, D.C. 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Rhode Island College 

Providence, Rhode Island 
Mr. David J. Fischer 

St. Petersburg, Florida 

Jeffrey L. Fortune 

Resort Inns of America, Inc. 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 
Mr. John W. Galbraith 

Galbraith Properties, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Royce Haiman 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Kendrick C. Hardcastle, III 

Hardcastle Industries 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Lee G. Henderson 

Associate Consultants in Education 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mrs. Anne Hoerner 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 

William R. Hough and Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. J. Webster Hull 

Metro North State Bank 

Kansas City, Missouri 
Mr. Fred C. Jackson 

Fred Jackson and Associates 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Dr. Althea H. Jenkins 

Association of Colleges and Research 

Chicago, Illinois 
Mr. Roland S. Kennedy 

Barnett Bank of Pinellas County 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Warren Bryan Martin 

The Carnegie Foundation for the 
Advancement of Teaching 

Princeton, New Jersey 
Dr. R. Ryan Maxwell 

Ocala, Florida 
Mr. John H. O'Hearn 

St. Petersburg Times 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Betty P. Parrish 

Nevins Fruit Company 

Titusville, Florida 
Mr. E. Leslie Peter 

Leslie Peter and Company 

Brandon, Florida 
Dr. Jane Arbuckle Petro 

Westchester County Medical Center 

Valhalla, New York 
The Rev. Dr. Bruce Porter 

Church of the Palms 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, HI 


Orlando, Florida 
Mr. William Ripberger 

Metropolitan Life 

New York, New York 
Mr. P.N. Risser, III 

Risser Oil 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Maurice Rothman 

Kane Furniture Co. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Dennis Ruppel 

M.T.D. Technologies, Inc. 

Pinellas Park, Florida 


Mrs. Wyline Sayler 

The Carlisle Collection 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Dr. Jean Johannessen Smoot 

North Carolina State University 

Raleigh, North Carolina 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

Jack Eckerd, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Gus A. Stavros 

Pelam Investments, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. James T. Swann, HI 

Cocoa, Florida 
Dr. Joseph E. Thompson 

Atlantic University Center 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Jack Eckerd Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. Ann Van Den Berg 

Church of the Palms 

Jacksonville Beach, Florida 
Mrs. John P. Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Dorothy Weaver 

Intercap Investments 

Coral Gables, Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

The Whitcomb Associates 

Sun City, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Wittner Companies 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn 

Environ Corporation 

Arlington, Virginia 


The Rev. Dr. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longwood, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Clem E. Bininger 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Carolina 
Mr. Charles Creighton 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
The Rev. Thomas J. Cumming 

Plantation, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

Clearwater, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Paul M. Edris 

Ormond Beach, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

Charlotte, North Carlonia 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Clearwater, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. E. Colin Lindsey 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

Brooksville, Florida 
Mr. William F. O'Neill 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz 

Gainesville, Florida 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

St Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. William W. Upham 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 

Leesburg, Virginia 
Mr. W.H. Zemp 

St. Petersburg, Florida 


Dr. Michael M. Bennett 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach, Florida 
Mr. Frank Byars 

Redington Beach, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Jack G. Hand 

Jacksonville Beach, Florida 
Mr. Benjamin G. Parks 

Naples, Florida 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, 
creed, race or color, or national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or 
employment policies as required by federal and state legislation. Inquiries regarding compliance 
with discrimination laws may be directed to Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33733 813/867-1166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 


INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5 

Academic Credit 21 

Academic Exemption Petitions 16 

Academic Minor 27 

Academic Policies 16 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 23 

Academy of Senior Professionals 16 

Accreditation 1 

Administration 135 

Admission 115 

Early Admission 116 

Equivalency Certificates 116 

Freshman 115 

International Students 117 

Procedures after Acceptance 116 

Transfer Students 115 

Adult Education 14 

Advanced Placement 117 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 27 

Afro- American Society 112 

American Studies 29 

Anthropology 29 

Area of Concentration/Major 20 

ArmyROTC 12 

Art 31 

Athletics 114 

Auditing Classes 24 

Autumn Term 5, 109 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biology 35 

Board of Trustees 136 

Calendar, Academic 5 

Calendar of Events, 1992-93 140 

Calendar of Events, 1993-94 141 

Campus Life 110 

Career-Services Program 14 

CLAST 125 

Chemistry 38 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Record 9 

College Entrance Examinations 115 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) ... 117 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Educational Studies 40 

Comparative Literature 40 

Composition 40 

Comprehensive Examinations 17 

Computation Competency Requirement 17 

Computer Science 41 

Costs 127 

Counseling Services 113 

Course and Major Descriptions 27 

Course Requirements 21 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 27 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creative Writing 43 


Credit, Academic 21 

Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 44 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 112 

Dance 103 

Day Students 114 

Dean's List 24 

Deferred Admissions 117 

Degree Requirements, B.A 16 

Degree Requirements, B.S 17 

Demonstrated Proficiency 21 

Directed Study 21 

Directed Study Courses 45 

Dismissal, Academic 23 

Early Admissions 116 

Early Childhood Certification 11 

Earth Sciences 46 

East Asian Area Studies 46 

Economics 47 

Education 49 

Elementary Education 49 

Employment on Campus 126 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 12 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 112 

Environmental Perspective Courses 51 

Environmental Studies 52 

Examination, Comprehensive 17 

Expenses 127 

Experienced Learners, Program for 14 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 23 

Faculty and Administration 131 

Fees 127 

Financial Aid 118 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 119 

Employment 126 

Grants 124. 

Loans 125 

Renewals 126 

Scholarships 120 

Veterans' Benefits 124 

Withdrawal Refund 129 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement ... 17 

Foundations Collegium 7 

French 79 

Gender and Women 's Studies 6 

General Education 6 

Geography 53 

German 80 

Grade Reports 22 

Grading System 22 

Graduation Requirements 16 

Grants 124 

Greek 95 

Health Form 114 

Health Services 113 

History 53 

Honors at Graduation 24 

Honors Program 18 

Honor Societies 19 

Humanities 60 

Human Development 57 

Human Resource Institute 11 

INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Incomplete Grades 22 

Independent Study 21 

International Business 61 

International Education 12 

International Education Courses 62 

International Students 13 

International Student Admission 117 

International Studies 63 

Insurance 128 

Interview, Admission 116 

Italian 81 

Italy Offerings 62 

Japanese 81 

Judaeo - Christian Perspective Course 64 

Knight Reading Seminars 64 

Latin 39 

Leisure Services 57 

Letters, Collegium of 8 

Library 10 

Linguistics 65 

Literature 65 

Loans 125 

London Offerings 62 

Major/ Area of Concentration Requirements .... 20 

Major and Course Descriptions 27 

Management 70 

Marine Science 74 

Mathematics 76 

Medical Technology 78 

Mentors 5 

Minor, Academic 27 

Minority Students 114 

Modern Languages 79 

Music 82 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Organizations and Clubs 112 

Payment Methods 129 

Personnel and Human Resource Management ... 84 

Perspective Courses 17 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 16 

Philosophy 85 

Philosophy/Religion 87 

Physical Education 87 

Physics 88 

Policies, Academic 16 

Political Science 89 

Pre-Professional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 23 

Program for Experienced Learners 14 

Psychology 92 

Readmission of Students 118 

Refunds 129 

Registration 24 

Religious Life 112 

Religion/Philosophy 87 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 94 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 16 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 17 

Requirements for Degree (cont.) 

Computation Competency 17 

Foreign Language Competency 17 

Major/ Area of Concentration 17 

Perspective Courses 17 

Residency 16 

Senior Seminars 17 

Transfer Students 17 

Western Heritage 17 

Winter Term 16 

Writing Competency 16 

Residency Requirement 16 

Resident Adviser Internship 97 

Room and Board 127 

ROTC, Army 12 

Russian Studies 97 

St. Petersburg, the City Ill 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 23 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 119 

Scholarships 120 

Sea Semester 98 

Secondary Education 49 

Semester Abroad 13 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 16 

Senior Seminars 98 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 99 

Sociology 100 

Spanish 81 

Special Academic Programs 10 

Statistics 102 

Student Activities 112 

Student Government Ill 

Student Life 110 

Student Publications 112 

Student Record Policy 25 

Summer Term 14 

Teacher Education 11 

Theatre 102 

Theses, Senior 17 

Transfer Admission 115 

Transfer of Credit 116 

Transfer Student Requirements 17, 115 

Tuition and Fees 127 

Veterans' Benefits 124 

Veterans' Benefits, Winter Term 6 

Visual Arts 31 

Waterfront Program 113 

Western Heritage 17, 105 

Winter Term 109 

Winter Term Abroad 12 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 129 

Withdrawal from College 24 

Withdrawal Grades 22 

Women 's and Gender Studies 6 

Writing Center 12 

Writing Competency Requirement 16 

Writing Workshop 43 

Year Abroad 13 




Fri., Aug. 14 
Sat, Aug. 15 
Wed., Aug. 26 

Thurs., Sept. 3 
Fri., Sept. 4 
Sat., Sept. 5 


Sat., Sept. 5 
Mon., Sept. 7 
Tues., Sept 8 
Wed., Sept. 9 
Wed., Sept. 9 
Thurs., Sept. 17 
Fri., Oct. 16 

Fri., Oct. 30 

Wed., Nov. 11 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 26-27 
Fri., Dec. 11 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 14-18 
Sat., Dec. 19 


Sun., Jan. 3 
Mon., Jan. 4 

Tues., Jan. 5 
Wed., Jan. 6 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 28-29 
Fri., Jan. 29 


Sun., Jan 31 
Mon., Feb. 1 

Tues., Feb. 2 
Thurs., Feb. 1 1 
Sat, Mar. 20 
Mon., Mar. 29 
Tues., Mar. 30 
Fri., Apr. 2 

Thurs., Apr. 8 
Fri., Apr. 9 
Wed., Apr. 14 

Thurs.-Fri., Apr. 22-23 
Fri., May 14 
Mon.-Fri., May 17-21 
Sat, May 22 
Sun., May 23 
Mon., May 24 


May 31- July 23 
May 31-June25 
June 28-July 23 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 
Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 
Orientation for new students 
End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 
Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registation/orientation 

for winter term. Returning students are not registered until they check 

in with Registrar 
Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 
Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

Residence houses open at noon 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 
Spring recess begins. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 
Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1993-94 
Good Friday, no classes 
All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1993 and 

return them to the Registrar 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Residence houses close at 4:00 p.m. 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 




Fri., Aug. 13 
Sat, Aug. 14 
Wed., Aug. 25 

Thurs., Sept. 2 
Fri., Sept. 3 
Sat., Sept. 4 


Sat, Sept. 4 
Mon., Sept. 6 
Tues., Sept. 7 
Wed., Sept. 8 
Wed., Sept. 8 
Thurs., Sept. 16 
Fri., Oct 15 

Fri., Oct. 29 

Wed., Nov. 10 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 25-26 
Fri., Dec. 10 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 13-17 
Sat, Dec. 18 


Sun., Jan. 2 
Mon., Jan. 3 

Tues., Jan. 4 
Wed., Jan. 5 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 27-28 
Fri., Jan. 28 


Sun., Jan. 30 
Mon., Jan. 31 

Tues., Feb. 1 
Thurs., Feb. 10 
Sat, Mar. 26 
Mon., Apr. 4 
Tues., Apr. 5 
Wed., Apr. 6 

Thurs., Apr. 7 
Wed., Apr. 13 

Thurs.-Fri., Apr. 21-22 
Fri., May 13 
Mon.-Fri., May 16-20 
Sat, May 21 
Sun., May 22 
Mon., May 23 


May 30-July 22 
May 30-June 24 
June 2.7 -July 22 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 
Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 
Orientation for new students 
End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

New Students: Mentor assignment, registration 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registation/orientation 

for winter term. Returning students are not registered until they check 

in with Registrar 
Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 
Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

Residence houses open at noon 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 
Spring recess begins. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 
Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1994-95 
All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1994 and 

return them to the Registrar 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Residence houses close at 4:00 p.m. 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



Coretta Scott King 

Benazir Bhutto 

Jimmy Carter 

Ed Bradley 


Lesley Stahl 

Terry Anderson 



Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school 
and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, 
visit with our professors and students, and take 
time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. 
Check the academic calendar before planning 
your visit. We ask only one thing of you: give 
us some advance notice of your arrival — a few 
days is fine. Call us or drop us a line — the 
Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays; from 9:00 a.m. 
to noon on Saturday; summer hours are 
weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all 
correspondence prior to your acceptance 
to the Dean of Admissions. 




For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs Dean of Faculty 

Adult Programs Dean of Special Programs 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Relations Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs Vice President for Finance 

Church Relations Director of Church Relations 

Events at the College Director of Public Relations 

Financial Aid to Students Director of Financial Aid 

Financial Assistance to the College Vice President for Development 

Payment of Fees Student Accounts 

Student Housing Student Interests and Counseling Dean of Students 

Summer School Coordinator, Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement Registrar 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday 
through Friday from 8:30 to 5:00. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the 
staff are urged to make appointments in advance. 


4200 - 54th Avenue South, P.O. Box 12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 
Telephone (813) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 (Admissions)